The forest monitoring systems developed by the federal government are a fundamental component of the country's REDD + efforts, since they provide key information for the planning of public policies. The systems are based on remote sensing, using information collected by satellites. Brazil has systems that allow monitoring of forest cover over time, identifying where deforestation is occurring and analyzing the dynamics of land use change.
Having a robust national forest monitoring system that allows monitoring and reporting on REDD + activities is one of the requirements countries must meet to implement REDD +. It is worth mentioning that countries can adopt subnational systems as an interim measure, as Brazil has done with its biomes approach.
The monitoring systems allow the country to elaborate its historical series for REDD + activities and periodically generate data for results to be measured from the reference levels of forest emissions based on the historical series
The main developer of monitoring systems of the federal government is the National Institute of Space Research (INPE), linked to the Ministry of Science, Technology, Innovation and Communications. INPE still maintains partnerships for the development of systems with the Brazilian Ministry of Environment (MMA), the Brazilian Institute for the Environment and Renewable Natural Resources (IBAMA), the Brazilian Agricultural Research Corporation (EMBRAPA), linked to the Ministry of Agriculture , Livestock and Supply (MAPA), and Public universities.
The primary monitoring systems in operation are:
The year 2015 marks the beginning of a new phase for environmental monitoring in Brazil, with the creation of the Environmental Monitoring Program for the Brazilian Biomes . The Program aims to articulate and give greater coherence to ongoing monitoring efforts in the country, as well as to expand the monitoring of plant cover for all Brazilian biomes by 2018.
|a.||These are the goals set forth in the Rio Branco Declaration provided that adequate, sufficient, and long-term performance-based funding is available|
|1.||Rio Branco Declaration based on national FREL 2010-2015|