Cross River State Nigeria


Nigeria has developed a National Forest Monitoring System (NFMS) Action Plan with institutional arrangements at both the national level, and at the state level in Cross River State.  The roadmap defines the enabling legislations and laws for NFMS implementation to ensure the sustainability and transparency. In CRS, a robust forest monitoring system has been established with a functional GIS laboratory and facilities. These facilities have contributed to the capacity building stakeholders in the application of remote sensing and GIS capabilities to monitor forest changes, to generate, interpret Activity Data and to perform multiple benefits mapping. 80 sample plots have been established in about 62 local communities to estimate carbon stocks and Emission Factors, updated MRV database for CRS, including historic & real-time remote-sensing put in place. Forest Carbon Inventory (FCI) Standard Operation Manual has been prepared, produced and printed.

The construction of the FREL/FRL was initiated in 2016. Several consultations were held to discuss what the FREL will consist of including the scale and scope, as well as the estimation of historical emissions. In terms of scale, Nigeria opted for a nested REDD+ programme in which CRS was selected as pilot State. FREL is developed at CRS level as an interim measure. The scope is based on activities, pools and gases included. For activities, only deforestation has been included in the present FREL/FRL. In the pools, the above-ground biomass which constitutes the main component/largest pool is included in the FREL/FRL considering their magnitude and cost monitor the pools. Finally, for the gasses, only CO2 emissions are included in the present FREL/FRL. Also, an acceptable national definition of forest is established.

16M MtC

Reference Levels and Targets

2016 - 2020

Deforestation Dynamics Monitoring


a.These are the goals set forth in the Rio Branco Declaration provided that adequate, sufficient, and long-term performance-based funding is available