Policies and Strategies
Plan for Deforestation Prevention and Control - Amapa's PPCD was completed in 2009. The plan is organized around four lines of action: Territorial Planning; Monitoring and Control; Promotion of sustainable activities; and Governance and Institutional Strengthening. Amapa is in the process of finalizing the next phase of its PPCD.
Laws and Regulations
Law 1,176 of 02/01/2008- provides for the organization of the Executive Branch of the State of Amapá, which deal respectively with the structure organizational structure and the structure of positions of the Secretariat of State for the Environment - SEMA.
Law 0702 of 28/06/02- Provides on the State Policy of Forests and other Forms of Vegetation of the State of Amapá and other measures.
Law 0267 OF 09/04/1996 - Creates the Secretariat of the Environment - SEMA and gives other measures.
Draft Climate Change Law- The current draft climate change law provides a broad framework for climate change mitigation and adaptation measures. The law consists of principles, definitions, objectives, and instruments to address energy, transport, solid waste, REDD, and other sectors. The law creates the Climate Change System, which defines the institutional arrangement as well as instruments such as a Climate Change Plan with 5 programs: Education and capacity building for climate change; a “Bolsa Floresta” (forest allowance) as a compensation mechanism for forest peoples; carbon stock monitoring; clean technologies and alternative energy.
The law was drafted in 2009 and new efforts are underway in 2016 to pass the law.
State Environmental Secretariat (SEMA) - Founded in 1989 with a purpose to guide the environmental policy of the State of Amapá. Develops policies and norms related to Protected Area management, responsible for planning, executing and managing projects and activities and administration of Conservation Units
Center for the Green Agenda - SEMA - responsible for coordinating, monitoring and evaluating the implementation of the Environmental Policies and Standards for the use and access to Natural Resources in the biodiversity of the State of Amapá.
Center for Climate Change and REDD+ - SEMA -The Climate Change and REDD + Center was created in January 2016, is directly linked to the Secretary's office and is responsible for promoting discussion, establishing parameters and creating mechanisms, as well as providing strategies for adaptation and mitigation of the effects of climate change on the population urban and rural areas of Amapá.
State Environmental and Territorial Planning Institute (IMAP) – Linked to SEMA; has three main responsibilities: land tenure regulation, environmental licensing, and control and surveillance
The State Environmental Council (COEMA)- Responsible for establishing the guidelines and proposal of the defense policy, preservation and improvement of the environment,
State Rural Development Secretariat (SDR) - Develops policies and norms associated with agriculture and cattle ranching
State Forestry Institute (IEF) – Linked to SDR; responsible for executing the policies for and management of State Forests
State Rural Development Institute (RURAP) - Linked to SDR; responsible for rural extension and technical assistance
State Scientific and Technical Research Institute (IEPA) – Linked to Science and Technology Secretariat; responsible for development of the EEZ
Ecological and Economic Zoning (Zoneamento Ecológico-Econômico – ZEE) is required by the Federal Government to designate areas for economic and conservation activities within each state’s territory. In Amapa the State Scientific and Technical Research Institute (IEPA) is responsible for development of the ZEE, which is based in State law No. 919 of 18 August 2005. Amapa performed a state-wide analysis for it its ZEEin 2008 and has performed additional detailed analyses for the Cerrado and southern area of the state. Amapa has yet to normalize its ZEEs through legal instruments.