Strategies and Policies
The State Plan for Control and Prevention of Deforestation and Fires in Mato Grosso- The State Plan for Control and Prevention of Deforestation and Fires in Mato Grosso(PPCDQ / MT) represents a set of strategic actions to prevent and controlling deforestation and burning in the State of Mato Grosso. The Plan brings together several actions, mostly linked to government bodies, as well as projects a new series of activities, whose management and execution should be shared through the involvement of public power, organized civil society and productive and business segments. The PPCDQ / MT is structured in 4 lines of action with the respective objectives: Territorial Planning, Monitoring and Control, Promotion of Sustainable Activities, and Governance and Executive Management.
For the 2006-2010 period, set by the State Government as the first period in its Action Plan for Prevention and Control of Deforestation and Burning of the State of Mato Grosso - PPCDQ / MT, the goal was to reduce 64% of deforestation in the forest, and the State achieved a reduction of 68.28%. For the second commitment period, from 2011 to 2015, the target reduction of deforestation was of 75%, and a reduction of 80% was achieved. For the third period, 2016-2020, the target is to reduce deforestation by 80%.
Produce, Conserve, Include Strategy (PCI)- PCI is a multi-stakeholder strategy which aims to restore 2.9 million hectares of vegetation, reduce deforestation by 90% and increase agricultural productivity while including smallholders and indigenous peoples. It is driven by riven by a multistakeholder committee which was established through Decreto nº 468.
Laws and Regulations
Ordinance 019 of 28/03/2017(part 1)(part 2) - Appoints representatives of civil society and municipalities to compose as Guest Members the State Commission for the Socioeconomic Zoning of the State of Mato Grosso - CEZSEE / MT.
Decree 351 of 04/12/2015 - delegates a number of responsibilities to the Secretariat of State for the Environment (SEMA) including - formulate and implement environmental policies; promote conservation; formulate policies to contribute to climate change mitigation; control exploitation activities for mineral, water, forestry and wildlife resources; environmental licensing of activities using environmental resources; and carry out technical studies that support the planning activities adopting measures for conservation and preservation of environmental resources and establishing operating criteria.
Decree 306 of 26/10/2015- Creates the State Committee for Management of the Environmental Education Program in Family Agriculture PEAAF and makes other provisions.
Decree 239 of 3/9/2015 - Amends the development plan for Mato Grosso and promotes the implementation of measures to ensure economic viability for companies established in the State and contributes to the simplification of administrative and legal procedures
Decree 230 of 18/08/2015 - requires registration in the Rural Environmental Registry (CAR) for agricultural and livestock activities
Decree 2698 of 30/12/2014 - establishes the priority areas within the State for legal reserve compensation purposes.
Decree 2.352 of 12/5/2014 - Provides on the composition of the State Environmental Council - CONSEMA, discipline the election of its members and other measures.
Decree 2152 of 12/02/2014 - regulates Forestry Sustainable Timber Management Plans in the State of Mato Grosso
Decree 2,055, of 19/12/2013 - Establishes the Plan of Action for Prevention and Control of Deforestation and Burnings of the State of Mato Grosso - PPCDQ / MT and makes other provisions.
Decree 2,052, of 18/12/20130 - Establishes the State Plan of Low Carbon Agriculture - ABC-MT Plan, within the scope of the "Sectoral Plan for Mitigation and Adaptation to Climate Change for the Consolidation of a Low Carbon Economy in Agriculture", with the objective of promoting mitigation of GHG emissions from agriculture in the MT, and other measures.
Law 9.878/2013 - establishes state REDD+ system including institutional arrangements and regulations for forest carbon
Law 343 12/24/2008 - creates the Mato Grosso Rural Environmental Programme - MT LEGAL. In addition, it regulates licensing procedures for the Environmental of Rural Properties, with the objective to promote the regularization of rural properties, related ownerships and their inclusion in the Rural Environmental Registration System and/or Environmental Licensing of Rural Properties - SLAPR.
Law 233 of 21/12/2005 - Establishes the State Policy on Forestry of the State of Mato Grosso. This Policy aims at ensuring the protection of wild flora in the territory of Mato Grosso and allowing forestry sustainability, promoting practices that contribute to the socio-economic development of the State, to improve environmental quality and ecological balance, through the following principles: I - conservation of natural resources; II - preservation of the biomes and their functions; III - maintenance of biological diversity; IV - regional socioeconomic development.
Coordination for Climate Change/SEMA - Design and implementation of the State Policy for Climate Change and REDD; Establishment of strategies and coordination of the implementation of the State REDD Program.
Superintendent for Forest Management at SEMA/MT - Forest management licensing and control of forest products through systems called SLAPR (Rural Properties Licensing System) and SISFLORA (Trade and Transport of Forest Products System).
State Secretariat for Rural Development (EMPAER, INTERMAT and INDEA) – Resolution and management of land tenure for properties linked with REDD projects and support for good agricultural practices aimed at reducing pressure on native forests.
Firefighters / Military Police - Prevention and control of fires in state public areas and support in federal public areas, capacity building and creation of municipal and indigenous fire brigades.
Civil Defense / Ministry of Defense and SEMA Coordination of CIMAM – Civil Defense; Coordination of the State Committee for Fire Management, authorization of controlled burning, monitoring of hot spots and air quality, quantification of burned areas.
Coordination for Protected Areas/SEMA - Creation and management of State Protected Areas.
Superintendence for Indigenous Affairs / Chief of Staff (Executive Branch) - Improvement of the coherence of state policies with indigenous peoples’ rights and communication with FUNAI (National Indian Foundation).
Coordination for Geotechnology/SEMA - Monitoring of deforestation, forest degradation and forest management.
Superintendent for Enforcement/SEMA17, Police Nature Protection Battalion, State Environmental Policing Department (DEMA) and Mobile Environmental Court (JUVAM) - Control of environmental violations.
State PCI Committee (CEEPCI) - multistakeholder committee overseeing the advancement of the Produce, Include, Conserve initiative
Ecological and Economic Zoning (Zoneamento Ecológico-Econômico – ZEE) is required by the Federal Government to designate areas for economic and conservation activities within each state’s territory. In 2008 Mato Grosso created a state commission on ecological and economic zoning through decree nº 1.139. Mato Grosso's ZEE was updated in 2011 and formalized through state law nº 9.523, however it was suspended by court order in 2012. Members of the State Ecological Socioeconomic Zoning Commission, which includes SEMA and SEPLAN, are now coordinating to update and redraft the plan, which is expected to be completed by 2017.
Under the Mato Grosso state system for REDD+, the following principles are put forward:
- Assurance of fair and equitable sharing of benefits
- Respect for the rights of indigenous peoples and traditional and extractivist communities which inhabit areas influenced by REDD+ actions
- Free, prior and informed consent from all participants in REDD+ actions