Pará Brazil

Policies and Strategies

The federally-mandated plan for prevention and control of deforestation (PPCAD) was completed in 2009. It focuses on 3 groups of actions: Land Use and Environmental Planning; Sustainable Economic Activities; and Monitoring and Control. The PPCAD is executed by 23 organizations and governance is carried out by the Forum for Climate Change (representing more than 40 organizations). The strategy is considered to be the primary state environmental policy, focusing on regulating land tenure and creating and maintaining a rural land registry .  The PPCAD was formalized through PPCAD / Decree 1697 / June 2009 and has set a goal to reduce the deforestation rate by 80% by 2020.

Laws and Regulations

Decree 1379 of 03/09/2015 - creates the Environmental Regularization Programme for Rural Properties of the State of Pará - PRA/PA

Law 8.096/2015- Arranges on the reorganization and creates positions in the State Department of Environment and Sustainability - SEMAS, establishes the State Secretariat for Agricultural Development and Fisheries - SEDAP, and clarifies overall institutional arrangements for natural resource management

Decree 54/2011 - launched the Green Municipalities Program with the objective of fighting deforestation and strengthening sustainable rural production through strategic actions for environmental planning and environmental management with a focus on local pacts, deforestation monitoring, implimentation of the Rural Environmental Registry (CAR) and structuring municipal management

Decree 2099 /January 2010- This decree regulates the maintenance and restoration of natural forest regeneration as well as the reforestation and tradeable deforestation rights of Legal Reserve areas in private forests - fully functional

Decree 1697 / June 2009 – This decree creates the PPCAD and defines goals, targets, actions and responsibilities within the State governance structure - in process of implementation

Decree 1148 / July 2008- This decree declares mandatory registration of every rural property in the State Environmental Registry (CAR) as a first step for any property licensing- fully functional

Law 6745/2005-  Establishes the Ecological-Economic Macrozoning of the State of Pará and gives other measures.

Law 5887/2005- Revision of Law 5887/1995 which established the State Environmental Policy and provided other measures.  The revision creates the State Protected Areas System (SEUC)-  this system is responsible for the management of protected areas within Pará State - fully functional

State Secretariat for Agricultural Development and Fisheries - SEDAP -created on January 1, 2015, through Law 8.096, signed by Governor Simão Jatene. The new body is the result of the merger of the State Secretariats of Agriculture and Fisheries, with the purpose of promoting the sustainable development and strengthening of agricultural, livestock, fishing and aquaculture activities in the State of Pará,

Ideflor Institute - responsible for management and concessions of State Forests

Secretary of environment and sustainability (SEMAS)- created on May 11, 1988, by Law No. 5457, SEMAS has a mission to promote integrated, shared and efficient environmental management compatible with sustainable development, ensuring the preservation, conservation of the environment and improvement of the quality of life.

Pará State Climate Change Forum - Created in June 2009 by decree 1900, the Forum is composed of more than 40 organizations. The Forum was created to promote and support cooperation and dialogue among social sectors related to climate change and its social-environmental consequences. The Forum is organized into 2 Chambers: (1) a temporary chamber responsible for developing the draft Climate Change Law, and (2) a permanent chamber responsible for PPCAD governance

Ecological and Economic Zoning (Zoneamento Ecológico-Econômico – ZEE) is required by the Federal Government to designate areas for economic and conservation activities within each state’s territory. Para concluded its macro zoning ZEE in 2005, and has since completed two additional region-specific plans in west and northeast Para.  They were all formalized through state laws no 6.745 (2005), nº 7.243 (2009) and  no 7.604 (2012). State decree No. 1,026 created a supervisory committee, technical scientific committee, and working group on ZEE in Para.  All ZEEs have been validated by the federal government.