Tocantins Brazil

Strategies:

The Plan of Action for the Prevention and Control of Deforestation and Fires of the State of Tocantins (PPCDQ-TO) - the PPCDQ-TO was created in 2009 and outlines a action-oriented action plan for the prevention and control of deforestation and forest fires in the State. The Plan serves not only the Amazon biome, which covers a relatively small part of the State, but also the Cerrado biome, covering all the state territory and providing a plan of action for better forest management and a reduction of deforestation rates and of the use of fire in an integrated manner. To achieve this, the PPCDQ-TO has a total of 12 actions, divided into four main areas: (i) monitoring; (ii) land and landscape management; (iii) forest management; and (iv) promotion of productive alternatives.

These are specific objectives of the Plan:

  • To strengthen the capacity of the State to analyze the dynamics of deforestation and forest fires, through the implementation of routines of (a) monitoring vegetation cover, deforestation and impacts on soil and water resources; (b) the monitoring of fires and their impacts; (c) the monitoring of degraded areas.
  • Create and implement a system of compensation and regularization of environmental liabilities representative of the state's biodiversity, capable of conserving this biodiversity, of producing the necessary environmental services to support the economic activities of the State and to energize the local economy.
  • Promote modernization of the management of forest resources in the State through the improvement of technologies and procedures.
  • Foster sustainable production alternatives and practices.

In the PPCDQ-TO, 23 goals were defined, and the coordination of the Plan involves federal and state public institutions and private institutions, while the implementation of the actions is in charge of the Nature Institute of Tocantins - NATURATINS (actions of the areas of monitoring and management forestry), the State Secretariat for Planning (SEPLAN) (actions of the Territorial Planning and Landscape) and the State Secretariat of Agriculture - SEAGRO (Actions for the Promotion of Sustainable Productive Activities). 

The PPCDQ-TO was updated in 2015, and the state is currently undertaking a third revision to the strategy.

State Plan for Mitigation and Adaptation to Climate Change to Consolidate a Low Carbon Economy in Agriculture (ABC-TO Plan) - one of the sectoral plans elaborated in accordance with Article 3 of Decree No. 7,390 / 2010 and purpose is the organization and planning of the actions to be taken to adopt the sustainable production technologies, selected in order to respond to the commitments of reduction of GHG emissions in the agricultural sector assumed by the country.

The ABC Plan is comprised of seven programs, six of which are related to mitigation technologies, as well as one last program with actions to adapt to climate change. In this context, Tocantins assumed a commitment by 2020 to mitigate between 8.5 and 10.5 million tons of CO2 eq. the Plan ABC will be reviewed and updated with a view to the new reduction and mitigation goals. The plan was formalized through decree on March 28, 2014.

Laws

Law No. 2.713/2013 -  Creates the Programme for the Environmental Harmonisation of Rural Property and Productive Activities. . This Programme aims at promoting the the environmental regularization of rural properties (through permanent preservation areas and legal reserve activities) and infrastructure by including them in the system of the Rural Environmental Register – CAR, owned by the Institution "Natureza do Tocantins" – NATURATINS.

Law No. 2.656 /2012- establishes the Economic Ecological Zoning of the State of Tocantins.

Law 2476/2011- Establishes the Program of Environmental Adequacy of Property and Rural Activity - TO-LEGAL, and adopts other measures.

Law No. 1,917 / 2008 - Institutes the State Policy on Climate Change, Environmental Conservation and Sustainable Development of Tocantins, and adopts other measures. Recognizes the states' climate change, environmental conservation, and sustainable development policy  which references actions to reduce deforestation and regulations on environmental services such as forest carbon.

Law 1789/ 2007 - Established the State Council for the Environment of Tocantins - COEMA / TO.

Law 1.560/2005 - establishes state system of conservation units in Tocantins

Law 1445/2004 - Establishes instruments of compensation for areas of Legal Reserve.

Law 1307/2002 - Provides for the State Policy of Water Resources, and adopts other measures.

Law 1.236/2001 - amends the State Policy on Forestry and establishes regulations for extracting timber in legal reserves



Naturatins - Institute of Nature of Tocantins. Responsible for the implementation of the State's environmental policy; environmental monitoring and control; supervision of compliance with environmental legislation; the provision of the service related to it resulting from agreements, agreements and contracts

Secretariat for Environment and Water Resources (SEMARH)- Restructured in 2015,  the Secretariat for Environment and Water Resources (Semarh) has a mandate which includes:t o Coordinate the process of reviewing the state policy on the environment and water resources and their instruments; to promote the environmental adequacy of the rural property in an agile and efficient way; encourage and strengthen municipal environmental management; evaluate the environmental assets of the State of Tocantins; Consolidate the state system of water resources management; Promote the recovery and conservation of hydrographic basins and aquifer systems; Implement projects to adapt to climate change with a focus on adequacy of social and environmental infrastructure; implement a system of management and maintenance of Conservation Units with financial return; Encourage the management of solid waste in partnership with the Secretariat of Cities and Urban Development, with support in legislation, fundraising and training; Encourage and strengthen the Environmental Organizations of Civil Society.

Secretary of Planning (SEPLAN) - the government body responsible for coordinating and managing the government plans of the State of Tocantins. It is responsible for preparing and monitoring budget programming, also responding to ecological-economic zoning and the formulation and implementation of statistical systems and socioeconomic research in the within the state.

Ecological and Economic Zoning (Zoneamento Ecológico-Econômico – ZEE) is required by the Federal Government to designate areas for economic and conservation activities within each state’s territory. Tocantins carried out ecological-ecological zoning (EEZ) in the Northern Region of the State, comprising 37 communes, covering an area of approximately 34,000 km², encompassing areas of the Amazon Forest and Cerrado, as well as the transition between these two ecomes (ecotone). The Northern Region EEZ was developed with the support of the Natural Resources Policy Subprogram (SPRN) of the Pilot Program for the Conservation of Brazilian Tropical Forests (PPG7). Five zones and four ecological and economic subzones were defined: Areas for Human Occupation (Zone A); Areas for Environmental Conservation and Cultural Heritage (Zone B); Priority Areas for Comprehensive Protection Areas (Zone C); Areas of Conservation Units of Sustainable Use (Zone D); and Areas under Federal Administration (Zone E), including Apinayé and Xambioá indigenous lands, and the Extractive Reserve (Resex) of the Far North of Tocantins.

Currently, the Planning Secretariat (SEPLAN) is preparing the EEZ for the whole territory of the State, as part of the World Bank-financed Integrated Regional Sustainable Development Program (PDRIS). The zoning should identify more precisely the areas with the best suitability for agriculture and the key areas for biodiversity conservation and the production of environmental services.

The safeguards to be designed by the state of Tocantins in a future REDD + scheme will aim to minimize the occurrence of socio-environmental risks of defined policies and activities associated with REDD +, such as the non-involvement or lack of involvement of forest peoples in the construction of projects of REDD (and in the construction of the legal framework of REDD + at the state level, considering its traditional knowledge and its forms of interaction with the forest) and the non-directed distribution of benefits to those who are effectively responsible for forest conservation. The promotion of forest conservation through future REDD + projects should also include the identification of biodiversity conservation and ecosystem services associated with forest preservation. All the documentation generated in the scope of national and international discussion groups on the subject will be consulted and a discussion will be carried out at the state level to focus on the particularities of the State of Tocantins.

Studies are currently being proposed to identify and evaluate the ecosystem services associated with conservation units of integral protection of the State (project to be financed by GEF-MMA)

The future REDD + system to be developed by the State will take into account the increase in biodiversity and other ecosystem services to be promoted together with the reduction of emissions from deforestation and forest degradation.