Policies and Strategies
Provincial REDD+ Strategy (SRAP) - finalized in 2012, the SRAP highlights on driver of deforestation, strategies and action plans, monitoring, reporting, verification, and mainstreaming of SRAP into regional development.
Local Action Plan for Greenhouse Gases Emission Reduction (RAD-GRK) - establishes a provincial strategy for reducing greenhouse gas emissions through 2020. Through the strategy East Kalimantan seeks to reduce GHG emissions by 15.6% by 2020 and was formalized in 2014.
East Kalimantan Provincial Forest Plan 2011-2030 - Medium term forest development plan for the province.
Laws and Regulations
Provincial Regulation (6/2016) - provincial regulation on the rehabilitation of critical forest land
Governor Regulation (101/2016) - establishes the organizational structure of technical activities unit for regional development in East Kalimantan province
Governor Regulation (60/2015) - establishment of the organizations structure of the technical specialty unit for forestry development in East Kalimantan province
Provincial Regulation (17/2015) - regulates legal management in the mining, forestry and palm oil planning sectors in East Kalimantan province.
Provincial Regulation (15/2015) - guidelines for issuing the right forest management rights
Governor Regulation (39/2014) - enacts provincial action plan to reduce the GHG that covers forestry, plantation, mining, peat, husbandry, enery, transportation, industry, and waste.
Governor decree (180/1375-Hk/2013) - issues a moratorium of mining, forestry and plantation new permits issuance which pending the permits and conducting audit of the current permits.
Governor Regulation (19/2012) - Formalizing the East Kalimantan Provincial Forestry Plan through 2030
Technical Unit for Conservation Management (UPTD Pembinaan dan Pelastarian Alam) – tasked with the enforcement of laws against illegal logging activities. Works in coordination with Forest Police unit ‘SPORC’.
Technical Unit for Land and Forest Fire Control (UPTD Pengendalian Kebakaran Hutan dan Lahan) – tasked with overseeing strategy aimed at implementing zero burning policy.
Regional Forestry Council (Dewan Kehutanan Daerah) – oversees provincial government forestry policy and declared ‘East Kalimantan Green’ vision at the East Kalimantan Summit in 2010.
Regional Climate Change Council (Dewan Daerah Perubahan Iklim - DDPI)– the ‘East Kalimantan Green’ is designed to be the nucleus of the Regional Climate Change Board which is aimed at becoming an extension of the National Climate Change Council. Coordination body chaired by the Governor and composed of representatives of different agencies that related to land uses and climate change. The council also works with different stakeholders that seek to achieve the action plans to reduce GHG emissions.
Forestry Agency - manages and oversees the forestry sector related issues, including policy formulation.
Plantation Agency- controls the non-forest areas land use, plan, and issuance of the permits.
Environmental Agency which authorities related to the protection and management of environment, including climate change related issues.
BAPPEDA - the Provincial Development Planning Agency that coordinates on the policy formulation of the regional development planning with sustainable development and low carbon as the basis.
There is a need for analysis of current legal frameworks (national and regional) to address rights recognition (incorporating land and carbon ownerships rights) in particular as it relates to local and indigenous communities and regional and special autonomy laws. This framework would need to be harmonized across provincial and central government regulations and ensure that communities and indigenous peoples properly benefit from REDD+ activities. Benefits need to be fair and ‘real’ (i.e. real impact on local community and standard of living) and a transparent mechanism for distribution needs to be achieved. Furthermore, work is needed to find mechanisms and pathways for communities to be more involved in early stage project development, not simply as project beneficiaries. This should go hand in hand with rights recognition of communities over forest areas. Finally, a recognised procedure is needed to be able to acknowledge rights, such as participatory mapping supported by legal mechanisms, e.g. Hutan Desa and other mechanisms (Gubernatorial / Regency Decrees, sub-national legal mechanisms). There are still many challenges to overcome community needs / rights and the central government land classification / designation. REDD can be used to strengthen community and indigenous rights recognition.