Strategies and Policies
Climate Change Action Program (PACCCH) - Chiapas has completed the first phase and entered the second phase of its PACCCH, which began in 2009. The Program includes goals of engaging researchers to increase scientific knowledge on climate change, complete state-level greenhouse gas inventories, analyze deforestation and forest degradation in the state, and analyze future climate scenarios. The program is supported by Chiapas' Climate Change Mitigation and Adaptation Law (Decree 190/2013).
State REDD+ strategy (EEREDD+) - Chiapas has developed a draft EEREDD+ which will be used as a basis for consultation in priority regions (Selva Lacandona, Frailescana, Costa-Istmo and Mezcalapa). Additionally, Chiapas is considered an early REDD+ action (ATREDD+) and is part of the federal government Emission Reduction Initiative (IRE) with the FCPF
FCPF Carbon Fund Investment Program – Chiapas has developed an investment program to reduce deforestation through Mexico’s Emissions Reduction Initiative implemented under the framework of the Forest Carbon Partnership Facility.The Emissions Reduction Initiative is based on four pillars: enhancing cross-sectoral coordination, improving land governance, actions to address site-specific drivers of deforestation, and the development of policies and programs.
The State Development Plan (Plan Estatal de Desarrollo - PED) - proposes a basic vision for the development of the Strategy in three axes and seven public policies.
Laws and Regulations
Decree 190 24/5/2013 Climate Change Mitigation and Adaption - Originally published in 2010, but was replaced by Decree 190/2013. It provides a basis for actions to reduce deforestation in the state and promotes the Climate Change Action Program, which lays out the steps that the state government should take in order to construct a REDD+ mechanism in more detail, and states that the Inter-secretarial Climate Change Commission will be established.
Decree 189 4/18/2009 - State Environmental Law - Establishes the regulatory framework for environmental matters for the State of Chiapas. It aims at the conservation of biodiversity, restoration of ecological balance, environmental protection and rational use of natural resources to promote sustainable development of the state, establishing the basis for issues such as indigenous rights and environmental protection.
Decree 145 20/10/2008 Sustainable Forestry in the State of Chiapas - Promotes the payment of ecosystem services (PES), including carbon capture, and states under the 7th Chapter that all federal, state and municipal funds for PES should be directed through the Forestry Trust (Fideicomiso Forestal).
Decree 207 29/7/1999 - Law of Indigenous Rights and Culture of the State of Chiapas - regulated by Article 7 of the State Political Constitution and its observance is of public order and social interest where the following indigenous peoples of the State of Chiapas are recognized and protected: Tzeltal, Tzotzil , Chol, Zoque, Tojolabal, Mame, Cakchiquel, Lacandón, Mocho, Jacalteco, Chuj and Kanjobal.
Interministerial Coordination Commission for Climate Change (CCICCCH) - chaired by the Governor and, in his absence, by the head of the SEMAHN. The CCICCCH is made up of the heads of state public administration bodies as presented in chapter IV of the LAMCCCH.The CCICCCH is responsible for government coordination in the area of Climate Change in the State of Chiapas and its resolutions and opinions are mandatory for the bodies that make up the state public administration (Article 15). The CCICCCH has several Working Groups (WG), two of which are related to the REDD+.
Advisory Council on Climate Change of the State of Chiapas (CCCCCH) - has the function of advising the CCICCCH and among its faculties is to follow up on the policies, actions and goals foreseen in the REDD+ Strategy.
The CCCCCH was created on February 25, 2014 and is integrated by the government sector through the Secretary of the SEMAHN (President) and the Under Secretary of Climate Change of the SEMAHN (Technical Secretary). It is comprised of 13 ministries of the public state administration, responsible for designing and implementing climate change policy in the state according to the Climate Change Adaptation and Mitigation Law.
State Ministry of the Countryside (SECAM) - Directs, coordinates and drives conformity with the National and state plans, programs of agricultural, livestock, and forestry development, as well as actions and policies of development for the state. SECAM also applies strategies and technological innovations to increase the efficiency of the agriculture and livestock sectors in Chiapas.
Institute of Civil Protection and Integrated Management of Risks of Disasters in Chiapas (IPC) - Directs actions implemented for the organisms of the institute orientated to the integrated management of risk of disaster.
State Ministry for Indigenous Villages and Cultures (SEPCI) - Promotes the acknowledgement, respect, and the full exercise of the collective rights of the 12 indigenous groups in Chiapas, people that represent the cultural richness of our state and are acknowledged by the local constitution.
General Justice Attorney of the State (PRO) - Represents the society in the investigation and persecution of environmental crimes, with the principles of legality, honor, efficiency, security and juridical certainty, which permits a functional structure of the procuration of justice, guaranteeing the integral development of the state of law.
Technical REDD+ Advisory Committee - Made up of local NGOs, academics, and federal government agents in social, technical, political, cultural, and environmental aspects of REDD+, including Pronatura Sur, Cooperativa AMBIO, the National Forestry Commission, the National Commission for Natural Protected Areas, ECOSUR, COLPOS, the Cultural Association Na Bolom, The Nature Conservancy, Mesoamerican Biological Corridor, Conservation International, and the Environmental Defense Fund.
Monitoring Reporting and Verification Working Group (GT MRV) - and a technical GT MRV working group made up of a variety of governmental, university, and civil society stakeholders, which advances monitoring and measurement of emissions from deforestation in the state.
Territorial and Ecological Zoning Programs
The Ministry of Environment and Natural History has developed Territorial and Ecological Zoning Programs in several regions of the state. The basis for zoning is described in Publication 1574/2010 and an overview of progress can be found here.
Territorial and Ecological Zoning Programs are in various stages of development, as listed below:
The Ministry of Environment and Natural History has planned, published, implemented, or modified Territorial and Ecological Zoning Programs in the following places at various stages of development:
Currently in planning stage: Oil Zone North Region V (Sub 2: Amato, Ixtacomitan, Ixtapangajoya and Solosuchiapa).- Areas affected by Hurricane Stan in Regions Isthmus Costa, Sierra and Soconusco (for Ecological Research).- Tapachula.- Coast of Chiapas (and Cintalapa Badoancho Basins).- Metropolitan Area of Tuxtla Gutierrez.- Zoning l Program for the Rio Grande Basin and Lagunas de Montebello National Park (Comitan, The Trinity, The Independence and Las Margaritas).
- Oil Zone North Region V (Subregion 1: Reform, Juarez, Sunuapa, Ostuacan and Pichucalco).
- Sabinal River Subwatershed (POETSAB) -2010
- Lagartero River Subwatershed(POETLAG) - 2010
- Coapa River Subwatershed, Pijijiapa - 2012
- Playas de Catazaja
- Zanatenco River Subwatershed, Tonala - 2004
Rights and Tenure
Legal support and protection of forest tenure.
In Mexico, communal ownership of land is secured by the Constitution, Article 27. The state of Chiapas recognizes and respects property rights in accordance to the law. However, there are conflicts over land tenure and property limits among neighboring ejidos and comunidades throughout the state. The SRA (Ministry of the Agrarian Reform) is in charge of dealing with these controversies. The government of Chiapas has, in some cases, participated to mediate and settle land tenure controversies. At the "Zona Lacandona," most agrarian conflicts have already been solved. Plus, they have their own legal advisors about land tenure.
Conflict resolution measures.
At the local level, communities have their own institutions for conflict resolution. In agrarian ejidos and communities, decisions that affect them as a whole are voted on in assemblies. Conflicts over land and resources are solved by the ejido's, the community's Consejo de Vigilancia, the Comisariado de Bienes Comunales, at the general assembly, or eventually at the Agrarian Tribunal. The Ministry for Agrarian Reform has the responsibility to resolve property conflicts between the government and private land-owners.
Transparency and Participation
What actions have been taken to guarantee free, prior and informed consent?
Briefly describe mechanisms for consultation and continuous participation addressed or planned by REDD Program in the development and implementation phases, include target groups assessed or planned to be, methods used (particularities to deal with capacity, timing and understanding of indigenous peoples and local communities.
Information on transparency of REDD program:
Needs identified for improvement in participation and transparency.
Describe the PES or benefit sharing mechanisms currently in place or planned (concrete elements).
Describe evidences for participation of stakeholders in the development of the mechanisms.