San Martín Peru

Strategies and Policies

Regional Environmental Policy: Approved by Regional Ordinance N °006-2018-GRSM / CR , approves the Regional Environmental Policy, which clearly sets out the principles and objectives of regional environmental management to which the economic, social, political and environmental development in the region will be aligned and which It is articulated with national environmental provisions and international commitments on climate change and biodiversity.

Plan of Regional Development San Martín – 2021 - The Agreed Regional Development Plan is a management tool for the development of San Martin. The plan outlines the aspiration of San Martin to achieve integrated and balanced development, with reduction of inequalities. The plan highlights and environmental priority of promoting the conservation and recovery of forest resources, and a vision of a region where natural resources are used sustainably, having controlled deforestation, and promoting the conservation and reforestation of forests; society as a whole contributes to an efficient management of environment, allowing preventive action and mitigating the effects of the climate change.

Regional Environmental Action Plan 2013-2021 – governance and planning tool across seven environmental sectors, including biodiversity, forests, and climate change.

Regional Strategy for Forest and Wildlife Control and Surveillance - approved through Regional Ordinance No. 004-2014-GRSM / CR, the Regional Forestry Strategy and Monitoring Control and Wildlife seeks to promote the Sustainable Management of Forest and Wildlife Resources participatory manner, implementing the Control and Surveillance Strategies.

Regional Aquaculture Plan - Through Regional Ordinance 024-2014-GRSM / CR, has a Regional Aquaculture Plan for the San Martín Region 2014-2023, which has six strategic objectives: develop and strengthen technical and business management services for regional aquaculture (SO1); Promote and strengthen the primary processing and commercialization of aquaculture products (SO2); Promote the development, adaptation and transfer of technologies in aquaculture at the regional level (SO3); promote regional production of inputs for aquaculture (SO4); encourage private investment in aquaculture (SO5); strengthen the organizational structure for an adequate management of regional aquaculture (SO6).

Strategic Plan for the Agricultural Sector of the San Martín Region - Through Regional Ordinance No. 023-2009- GRSM / CR.,  the Strategic Plan for the Agrarian Sector of the San Martín Region is declared a regional priority, constituting a multisectoral management tool to guide the policy of regional agricultural development, promoting economic, social and ecological sustainability.

Regional Forest Plan - Approved by Regional Ordinance 008-2008 / GRSM-CR, which establishes four components: program of management of productive forests, program of conservation and environmental services, reforestation and agroforestry and transversal actions.

Regional Biological Diversity Strategy of San Martín - Approved by Regional Ordinance 026-2007 / GRSM-GR. The Strategy seeks the following objectives: to ensure the  conservation of biological diversity of the region, to reverse the processes of deterioration of diversity, to establish productive and competitive lines based on biological diversity, to develop a participatory management for the conservation and sustainable use of the biological diversity and consolidating the relationship between cultural and biological diversity.

Laws and Regulations

Regional Ordinance 21/2017 - Updates the Regulation of Organization and Functions (ROF) the regulation formalizes the creation of the regional environmental authority (ARA) and promulgates the regulation of the organization and functions.

For example, the structure and responsibility of the ARA is defined and highlights the authority of the ARA in the implementation of policies, strategies, programs and plans in the field of territorial planning, sustainable management of natural resources, conservation of biodiversity and the protection of the public environment.

Ordinance 17/2015 - Formalizing the regional development plan for 2020.

Decree 34/2014 - Declares of regional priority the implementation of the technological and institutional platform for the management of geospatial and cartographic information called Spatial Data Infrastructure and instructs the General Management of the Regional Government to authorize the Planning and Budget Management the prioritization and allocation of a budget line item to the Regional Environmental Authority,

Ordinance 30/2014 – Creates and Implements the Regional System of Compensation for Ecosystem Services (SIRRSE-SM), as a strategic component in the implementation of the Regional Territorial Policy of San Martín.Place authority of implementation and administration with the Regional Environmental Authority through the Executive Management of Territorial Management and the Executive Direction of Administration and Conservation of Natural Resources.

Ordinance 23/2014 - Declares of regional interest the measures related to the reduction of emissions from deforestation and degradation of forests and the environmental and social safeguards and creates the Regional Committee of Safeguards of San Martín, to guarantee the balanced participation of the actors in the identification, establishment and reporting of environmental and social safeguards for the reduction of emissions derived from

Decree 1/2014 - Approves the "Regulation of the Regional System of Environmental Information of San Martín - SIAR SAN MARTÍN".

Decree 2/2014 – Establishes the process to obtain environmental certification of public investment projects prepared by the Regional Government of San Martin

Ordinance 22/2014 – Ordinance creating the Technical Group of the Regional Climate Change Strategy.The Climate Change Strategy for San Martin has not yet been approved.

Ordinance 16/2014 - Creates the Regional Environmental Information System of San Martin - SIAR - San Martin, as an environmental management instrument established in the Regional Environmental Management System,

Ordinance 11/2014 - Approve the update of the Regional Environmental Action Plan 2013-2021 in seventy two (72) pages, which contains the situational diagnosis, the vision of the region in environmental matters, the objectives, the priority goals to 2021, the strategic actions by goals prioritized and compliance with the Regional Territorial Policy and Concerted Development Plan of the department of San Martín.

Ordinance 37/2010 - Establishes the Regional Environmental Authority of the State of San Martín.

Ministerial Resolution 519 / 2009 - Transfers forest management functions for the regional government of San Martín.

Regional Decree 2/2009- Regional Decree approving the regulation for the application of the Ecological Economic Zoning - ZEE of the Department of San Martín

The Regional Environmental Authority of San Martín (ARA) - In 2010, the Government of San Martín created the Regional Environmental Authority (OR 037-2010-GRSM / CR).  The Regulation of Organization and Functions (ROF) of the Regional Government promulgates the regulation of the organization and functions of the institution. Among the responsibilities delegated to the institution include: territorial planning, sustainable management of natural resources, and conservation of biodiversity and the protection of the environment. In total, the ARA has 24 delegated functions (OR No. 037-2010 - GRSM / CR). Currently, the ARA has 3 line agencies: Executive Directorate of Strategic Environmental Management, Executive Management of Territorial Management , Executive Direction of Administration and Conservation of Natural Resources .

Regional Management of Economic Development (GRDE) - Currently charged with overseeing the Regional Economic Development Plan, which is administered through four directorates: Regional Directorate of Agriculture, Regional Directorate of Production, Regional Directorate of Foreign Trade and Tourism, Regional Directorate of Energy and Mines. 

Regional Directorate of Agriculture (DRASAM) -  responsible for formulating, adapting, implementing, controlling and evaluating the public policies of the sector in matters of agricultural development in the regional scope.  To this end, it is responsible for directing, executing, supervising, coordinating, managing and controlling the technical processes related to agricultural activity, in accordance with the corresponding powers of the Regional Government and the provisions established by the Regional Directorate for Economic Development. Among the roles that DRASAM must play in relation to forest landscape management are: the promotion of value chains, low-carbon agriculture and agroforestry systems. 

Regional Directorate of Production (DIREPRO) -supervises and promotes investment projects and public financing associated with the productive sectors, small and micro-enterprises, fisheries and aquaculture in a sustainable and efficient manner, obtaining high quality products as a result. 

Directorate of Foreign Trade and Tourism (DIRCETUR) -  aims to encourage and increase demand as well as, facilitate mechanisms for the development of the sectors of tourism, handicrafts and external trade based on sustainable models. 

Directorate of Regional Energy and Mines (DREM) - responsible for promoting and executing mining-energy projects that improve the quality of life in the region using models of sustainable development through public and private investment. 

Office of Promotion of Sustainable Investments (OPIPS) -  OPIPS is a body dependent on the General Management that is responsible for the facilitation of private investment in the region.Currently, its technical and economic resources are nascent, but it is envisioned that it can play an important role in promoting private investments for low-emission development.

Development Fund for the Amazon - FONDESAM San Martín - Funding mechanism that can allocate resources for the development of agricultural value chains of small producers.

San Martín Regional Environmental Commission (CAR-SM) - Regional Ordinance N ° 020-2012-GRSM / CR recognizes the Regional Environmental Commission of San Martin, as the entity in charge of coordinating and coordinating, within the framework of the Regional Territorial Policy, the environmental aspects, natural resources, territorial planning, as well as the environmental management system , promoting the dialogue between the public, private and organized civil society sectors in the department of San Martín. The recognition of the Regional Environmental Commission was ratified by OR-020-2012 GRSM / GR and its conformation is established, which is chaired by the Regional Environmental Authority.

REDD+ Roundtable of San Martín - Through Regional Executive Resolution N ° 864-2009- GRSM / PGR,  the San Martin Regional REDD+ Roundtable was established as a space platform to achieve consensus on policy, legal, financial and social for the construction and application of the regional model to reduce deforestation.

Regional Committee of San Martin Safeguards - approved through  Regional Management Resolution No. 001-2017-GRSM / ARA.  The committee is comprised of the public sector, civil society, private sector, academia, and indigenous peoples.

Community Forestry Management Platform - Platofrm established to promote community forestry through Regional Ordinance N ° 014-2014-GRSM / CR, 

Other important entities in San Martin for forest conservation are the Regional Directorate of Production (the regulator in the aquaculture sub-sector), the Research and Technology Centers (CITEs), and DIRETUR (responsible for exports and extra-regional trade).

San Martin approved its regional economic and ecological zoning (ZEE) plan in in 20016, through Regional Ordinance Nº 012-2006-GRSM-CR.  The zoning plan was completed at a scale of 1/250 000 and both the zoning study and map are available for download. 

The Regional Government of San Martin has implemented the Regional Office for the Development of the Indigenous Peoples, which was formed through Regional Ordinance 028-2005-GRSM-CR.  The institutions develops its activities  under the direction of the Regional Management of Social Development and is charged with formulating and executing projects aimed at indigenous communities in the region. According to the Institute of the Common Good in 2016, San Martín had 63 peasant communities, of which 2 are located in the province of Bellavista, 2 in El Dorado, 25 in Lamas, 1 in Moyobamba, 10 in Picota, 22 in San Martín and 1 in Tocache. Of these identified communities, 59 were pending recognition and ownership; In addition, a total of 1,264.40 hectares were registered.  the Instituto de Bien Comun published in 2012 the "Directory of Native Communities in Peru" in which the San Martin region had 29 titled native communities that added an extension of 216,015.3288 titled hectares, 34 native communities registered by owner and 13 native communities to registered and titled, adding a total of 76 identified indigenous communities.

San Martin Developed a Regional Committee of Safeguards of San Martín through Ordinance 23/2014