Maranhão Brazil
Description

In the areas in the Amazonian biome of the State of Maranhão, grain producers are included in the multisectoral commitment of the Soy Moratorium. This commitment results from the fulfillment of requirements that guarantee a production free of deforestation, whether legal or illegal. The commitment is managed by a group (Soybean Working Group) composed of civil society actors, traders, federal government and financial institutions. The moratorium applies to the entire Amazon biome.

PartnersFood & Beverage Outlets
Initiative TypeSustainable Supply Chain
Initiative StatusImplementation
Description

It should also be noted that the IPAM has been maintaining partnerships in the last two years with the indigenous people of the State, in particular with those occupying the Araribóia Indigenous Land (Guajajara People). More specifically, IPAM maintains climate change training activities in collaboration with COCALITI (Coordination of Caciques and Leaders of the Araribóia Indigenous Land) with COAPIMA (Coordination of Organizations and Joints of the Indigenous Peoples of Maranhão). In 2016 and 2017, IPAM promoted specific workshops on climate change and territorial and environmental monitoring with indigenous peoples. At the time, the application "Alerta Clima Indígena" was presented to the indigenous people. The application aims to send information about fire and deforestation to the Indigenous Lands and also to support the territorial monitoring, thus helping in the management of the territory and consequently in the maintenance of the forest areas.

PartnersIPAM, OCALITI (Coordination of Caciques and Leaders of the Araribóia Indigenous Land) with COAPIMA (Coordination of Organizations and Joints of the Indigenous Peoples of Maranhão
Initiative TypeIndigenous Peoples
Description

Amazonia SAR implements a deforestation detection system utilizing orbital imaging radar to monitor 950,000 km2 per year (23% of the Amazon biome). Of the total land monitored, 764,000 km2 is comprised of areas under the greatest pressure of deforestation, 144,000 km2 is in the state of Amapá, and an additional 5% of isolated points in the Amazon biome will be monitored due to specific demand.

PartnersFederal Government/Defense Ministry – Operations and Management Center of the Amazonian Protection System (CENSIPAM)
Funding Amount$20,783,439.87
Initiative TypeProtected Areas Initiative
Initiative StatusContracted
Description

Babaçu Plantations LPS enriches babassu palm tree plantations in the Amazon biome within the state of Maranhão by supporting conservation and sustainable management, as well as recovering damaged areas using agroforestry systems in three municipalities: Lago do Junco, Lago da Pedra and Bacabal in the Médio Mearim region. The initiative benefits settlement populations, quilombolas, traditional communities, and family farmers in the region.

PartnersAssociation of Settlement Areas in the state of Maranhão (ASSEMA)
Funding Amount$2,363,754.25
Initiative TypeSustainable Production Initiative
Initiative StatusContracted
Description

The Amazon Fund provides support to projects related to developing sustainable production in conjunction with conservation in the Amazon Biome. Beneficiaries of The Amazon Fund's supported projects include: traditional communities (indigenous peoples, quilombolas, rubber tappers, riverside populations, family farmers, subsistence agriculturists), rural workers involved in settlement projects, low-income populations at risk of social exclusion, collective undertakings, solidarity economies, non-profit institutions governed under private law, and public administration entities.

PartnersFundação Banco do Brasil (FBB)
Funding Amount$7,550,588.95
Initiative TypeSustainable Production
Initiative StatusContracted
Description

Phase II of The Amazon Fund supports projects that facilitate the development of productive activities promoting the conservation and sustainable use of the Amazon Biome; the initiative benefits traditional communities (indigenous peoples, quilombolas, rubber tappers, riverside populations, family farmers, subsistence agriculturists), rural workers involved in settlement projects, and low-income populations at risk of social exclusion.

PartnersBanco do Brasil Foundation (FBB)
Funding Amount$4,979,666.36
Initiative TypeProtected Areas Initiative
Initiative StatusContracted
Description

Supports the implementation and development of the Territorial and Environmental Management Plan (PGTA) across five Indigenous Territories (TI) in the states of Amazonas, Maranhão, and Pará—covering 9,375,076 hectares of land and 19,531 TI inhabitants.

PartnersIndigenous Work Center (CTI)
Funding Amount$3,688,281.11
Initiative TypeFinancial Initiative
Initiative StatusContracted
Description

Empowers environmental monitoring and control in order to combat illegal deforestation in the Brazilian Amazon over a period of 15 months in regions under the greatest deforestation pressure; utilizes trucks and helicopters to enforce actions in the field.

PartnersBrazilian Institute of Environment and Natural Resources (Ibama)
Funding Amount$17,662,033.20
Initiative TypeProtected Areas Initiative
Initiative StatusContracted
Description

Supports the strengthening of environmental management in the 529 municipalities across nine states in the Legal Amazon through (i) offering training and technical support (ii) disseminating knowledge and information through networks (iii) fostering innovation and promoting liaison with other government levels and general society within the framework of environmental public policies.

PartnersBrazilian Institute of Municipal Administration (IBAM)
Funding Amount$9,019,941.79
Initiative TypeProtected Areas Initiative
Initiative StatusContracted
Description

Environmental Monitoring of Brazilian Biomes achieves three objectives: (i) Development and enactment of deforestation monitoring systems for the Atlantic Forest, Caatinga, Pampa, and Pantanal biomes (ii) Calculation of CO2 emissions for deforested areas and creation of a proposed Forest Reference Emission Level (FREL) for each biome, to be provided to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) (iii) Platform development for analysis and visualization of vast geospatial data to benefit the entire national territory through platform development.

PartnersSpace Science, Applications and Technology Foundation (FUNCATE) and National Institute of Space Research (INPE)
Funding Amount$15,911,139.52
Initiative TypeProtected Areas Initiative, Financial Initiative
Initiative StatusContracted
Description

Supports the development of studies on land use and land coverage in the Amazon biome; expands and improves environmental monitoring by satellites, as performed by the National Institute of Space Research (INPE).

PartnersNational Institute of Space Research (INPE)/Science, Applications and Space Technology Foundation (FUNCATE)
Funding Amount$27,783,399.45
Initiative TypeProtected Areas Initiative
Initiative StatusContracted
Description

Structures the Environmental Operations Company of the National Public Security Agency (FNSP) both physically and operationally to perform environmental operations in the Amazon Biome.

PartnersFederal Government/Ministry of Justice – National Public Security Force (FNSP)
Funding Amount$11,796,765.00
Initiative TypeProtected Areas Initiative
Initiative StatusContracted
Description

This protection initiative provides support and protection to isolated indigenous peoples and those recently contacted throughout the entire Amazon biome in order to establish physical limits and protect natural resources in settled areas within the territories of these groups and surrounding areas. The project aims to help reduce deforestation in the Amazon.

PartnersCenter for Indigenous Work (CTI)
Funding Amount$7,514,829.72
Initiative TypeProtected Areas Initiative
Initiative StatusContracted
Description

Breve descrição: The objective of the Technical Cooperation (TC) is to implement the National Forest Inventory (NFI) in Cerrado biome and consolidate the National Forest Information System (NFIS) as policy instruments, capable of producing timely and quality information for decision makers in the public and private sectors. The project will contribute to the promotion of sustainable programs aimed at mitigating greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions in the Cerrado. It also aims at promoting partnerships with States and other institutions in the region to promote information exchange and dissemination. The project is part of Brazil’s Investment Plan (IP) for the Forest Investment Program (FIP), which seeks to promote the sustainable use of land and the improvement of forest management in the Cerrado Biome, thus helping to reduce pressure on remaining forests, decreasing greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions and increasing carbon sequestration. It finances the generation and dissemination of forest information to support public and private sectors in management initiatives aimed at the conservation and enhancement of forest resources in the Cerrado biome.

PartnersClimate Investment Fund – Forest Investment Program with 26 partners
Funding AmountUSD 24,450,000
Initiative TypeFinanciamento externo não reembolsável Assistência Técnica
Initiative StatusExecuted from June 2014 - June 2018 (48 months)
Description

Supports the implementation of the Rural Environmental Registry (CAR) in the state of Maranhão to benefit the owners and settlers of rural family properties with up to four fiscal modules that develop agrosilvopastoral activities (including settlements, agrarian reform projects, and traditional communities making collective use of their territory).

PartnersState of Maranhão
Funding Amount$12,191,589.46
Initiative TypeLand Titling and Registration
Initiative StatusContracted
Description

Implements the Forest Inventory in the Amazon Biome to produce information on forest resources, carbon stocks, and territory use by regional populations.

PartnersFederal Government/Brazilian Forest Service (SFB)
Funding Amount$31,999,485.00
Initiative TypeProtected Areas Initiative
Initiative StatusContracted
Description

Supports the structuring of sustainable productive chains through public calls within the Small Eco-social Projects Program (PPP-ECOS) to benefit populations of rural, traditional, and indigenous peoples, along with quilombolas, riverside populations, fishermen, and extractive communities in the states of Mato Grosso, Tocantins, and Maranhão within the limits of the Brazilian Amazon.

PartnersSociety, Population and Nature Institute (ISPN)
Funding Amount$5,460,127.11
Initiative TypeSustainable Production Initiative
Initiative StatusUnder implementation
Description

Supports the operation of the Babassu Fund to select and support socioenvironmental projects related to agro-extractive organizations in the states of Maranhão, Tocantins, and Pará; supports skill development, provides technical support, and strengthens associativism through public calls of projects approved by BNDES to benefit traditional communities of babassu coconut breakers.

PartnersInterstate Association of the Movement of Women Babassu Coconut Breakers - AMIQCB
Funding Amount$2,777,933.43
Initiative TypeSustainable Production Initiative
Initiative StatusContracted
Description

The initiative supports the structure of the National Center to Prevent and Combat Forest Fires (PREVFOGO) programme both physically and operationally, along with training locals to monitor, prevent, and combat forest fires and unauthorized burns in the Amazon Biome through environmental education.

PartnersBrazilian Institute of the Environment and Renewable Natural Resources (IBAMA)
Funding Amount$6,252,557.57
Initiative TypeProtected Areas Initiative
Initiative StatusContracted
Description

Profisc I-B is organized by the Federal Government to support the activities of Ibama for environmental monitoring and deforestation control in the Legal Amazon.

PartnersBrazilian Institute of Environment and Natural Resources (Ibama)
Funding Amount$41,822,410.40
Initiative TypeProtected Areas Initiative, Financial Initiative
Initiative StatusContracted
Description

Small Eco-Social Projects in the Amazon supports four public calls-for-submission for selecting and funding low-cost socioenvironmental projects focusing on family farmers and traditional communities living in the Amazon Biome across the states of Maranhão, Mato Grosso , and Tocantins.

PartnersSociety, Population and Nature Institute (ISPN)
Funding Amount$6,456,480.19
Initiative TypeFinancial Initiative
Initiative StatusContracted
Description

Brief description: In order to develop its Jurisdictional System for REDD + in the State of Maranhão, through the GCF, with the opportunity of the UNDP edict - window A, it sought a partnership with IPAM to carry out this project, which began in October 2018.

PartnersSEMA Maranhão and IPAM
Funding AmountU $ 400 thousand
Initiative TypeNon-refundable external financing
Initiative StatusRunning
Description

Established by Decree No. 27,317 of April 14, 2011.

The overall objective of the Plan is to prevent and control deforestation, forest fires and forest fires.

Specific objectives:

Support structuring policies related to land use and land tenure in the State; Consolidate and strengthen the management of protected areas in the State; Establish an environmental quality monitoring system in the State; Strengthen the environmental management in the State, contemplating actions for the improvement of the licensing and the decentralization of the environmental management; Promote the prevention and control of forest fires in the State; Improve and increase the efficiency of environmental monitoring in the State, including combating illegal deforestation; Regulate and establish a set of experiences of payment for environmental services, including the development of REDD projects and payment for water production; Contribute to the promotion of the recovery of watersheds and degraded areas in the state territory; Strengthen and disseminate credit mechanisms for sustainable productive activities; Strengthen and expand the state system of technical assistance and rural extension; Support the development of research to strengthen sustainable productive activities; To create instruments, foster and strengthen sustainable productive activities in the State, including the development of certification mechanisms and the strengthening of productive activities in settlements, development of tourism in protected areas; Strengthen the organs related to environmental management in the State; Establish an information management system for the Plan; Establish mechanisms of governance and transparency for the Plan.

The goals of reducing deforestation followed the same projection used by the federal government in the Plan of Action for Prevention and Control of Deforestation in the Legal Amazon (PPCDAm), that is, successive reductions in deforestation rates evaluated over five-year periods, in order to 80% reduction in relation to the average observed between 1996 and 2005. The goal of the PPCD-MA in relation to the Cerrado is to reduce the total deforestation rate by 50% by the year 2020, reaching a projected rate of 1,038 km² by the end of 2020 and zeroing in illegal deforestation at the end of the period. In addition, recently the State of Maranhão has undertaken to reduce deforestation under the Rio Branco Declaration of 2014 and is also committed to the National Plan on Climate Change (PNMC), regulated by Decree 7390/2010, reaffirming the a target of 80% reduction in annual deforestation rates in the Legal Amazon in relation to the average verified between 1996 and 2005, reaching a projected rate of 185 km² of deforestation by the end of2020 and zeroing in illegal deforestation at the end of the period.

Link: http://www.fundoamazonia.gov.br/export/sites/default/pt/.galleries/documentos/prevencao-e-controle-do-dematamento/Plano_Estadual_Maranhao.pdf

PartnersGovernment of the State, ICMBIO, IBAMA, ALEMA, FUNAI, EMBRAPA, Municipal Governments, Federation of Farmers, Federation of Agriculture
Initiative TypePlanning Initiative
Initiative StatusIn Implementation
Description

Brief description: The Maranhão Verde Program, instituted by Law 10,595, dated May 24, 2017 and regulated by Decree No. 32,969, of June 5, 2017, is designed to promote and develop projects aimed at supporting conservation and environmental recovery, involving the participation of selected beneficiary families, who will receive the Maranhão Verde Grant.

Maranhão Verde seeks to generate environmental and social benefits, promoting citizenship, improving living conditions and raising the income of the population living in extreme poverty. The beneficiary families of this Program should develop activities for conservation and recovery of natural resources in previously defined areas, which may be: conservation units, territories occupied by riparian, extractive and traditional communities, as well as other areas defined as priority by act of Power Executive. The Program also aims to promote the environmental, social, educational, technical and professional training of the beneficiary population.

Initially it will be implanted in the Mirador State Park Area and each Family will receive R $ 300.00 bimonthly.

PartnersLeader: SECRETARY OF STATE OF THE ENVIRONMENT AND NATURAL RESOURCES-SEMA-MA, Partners: OSCIPS
Funding AmountR $ 4.300.000
Initiative TypeState's budget
Initiative StatusRunning
Description

Brief description: Implemented throughout the Cerrado Biome, especially Municipalities and Priority Conservation Units for the prevention and control of deforestation and forest fires with the objective of implementing integrated fire management and rural environmental registration in selected areas of the biome Thick. In the case of the State of Maranhão, it covered 23 Municipalities with 8,100 assisted families, of which 2,500 were Peoples and Traditional Communities (PCT's) and 5,600 families of family farmers.

PartnersTrust Fund: Mitigation of Climate Change in the Brazilian Cerrado, No. 071814 Administrator: International Bank for Reconstruction and Development (Bird), of the World Bank Group Donor: Department of Environment, Food and Rural Affairs (Defra)
Funding AmountUS $ 15.3 million (for the whole of Brazil)
Initiative TypeRefundable or non-refundable mixed funding
Initiative Statuscompleted
Description

Brief description: Its objective is to contribute to the increase of environmental regularity among the rural properties of the Cerrado, increasing the conformity of the properties with the Federal Law. Greater regularity means less deforestation, less degraded areas, and more reclaimed areas.

The specific objectives of the Project are:

(1) to improve the capacity of the MMA and 9 state environmental agencies to receive, analyze and approve records of the Rural Environmental Registry and to connect the data to the Rural Environmental Cadastre System (SICAR);

(2) support, in the municipalities covered by the Project, real estate records in the CAR.

The project includes eleven environmental agencies from the following federal units: Goiás, Bahia, Maranhão, Minas Gerais, Mato Grosso do Sul, Mato Grosso, Paraná, Piauí, São Paulo, Tocantins and the Federal District.

PartnersMinistry of Environment, through the Brazilian Forest Service (SFB), Government of the State of Maranhão through SEMA
Funding AmountUS $ 49,980,000.00
Initiative TypeRefundable external financing Non-refundable national funding
Initiative StatusEarly in Hiring
Description

Brief description: with the objective of Supporting the implementation of the Rural Environmental Registry (CAR) in the State of Maranhão, benefiting owners or owners of rural rural properties with up to four fiscal modules that develop agrosilvopastoral activities, including settlements, retirement projects agrarian and traditional communities that make collective use of their territory. The project has the goal of registering 100% of the rural properties with up to four tax modules located in the 217 municipalities of the state of Maranhão, with support from the Amazon Fund for the registration of 182,500 properties in this category. The project also includes support for registration in traditional communities that make collective use of their territory, with emphasis on quilombola communities, with a significant presence in the state, as well as settlements, agrarian reform projects and conservation units.

PartnersGovernment of the State of Maranhão, Department of Family Agriculture - SAF
Funding AmountR $ 41,212,345.00
Initiative TypeNon-reimbursable external financing Non-reimbursable national funding State budget
Initiative StatusHired