Amapá Brazil

Current REDD+ Program Progress

Plan for Prevention and Control of Deforestation
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Amapa's PPCD was completed in 2009.  The plan is organized around four lines of action: Territorial Planning; Monitoring and Control; Promotion of sustainable activities; and Governance and Institutional Strengthening.[1]

REDD+ Related Laws
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These laws create the legal framework for state climate change policies with respect to different sectors of the economy. They include mechanisms for increasing stakeholder participation in policy development and regulation.

Ecological and Economic Zoning
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In Amapa the  State Scientific and Technical Research Institute (IEPA) is responsible for development of the ZEE, which is based in State law No. 919 of 18 August 2005. Amapa performed a state-wide analysis for it its ZEE in 2008 and has performed additional detailed analyses for the Cerrado and southern area of the state. Amapa has yet to normalize its ZEEs through legal instruments. 

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Land Registry
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The CAR is the first step for land tenure regulation of rural properties and addresses environmental liability measures that are fundamental for the implementation of a REDD program.

REDD+ Programs

REDD strategies to reverse deforestation and degradation developed or planned

Amapá State is still in the early stages of developing a REDD strategy. Having already carried out studies on carbon accounting, the State is currently seeking funding to develop its own deforestation monitoring methodology and scenarios modeling in partnership with the state research institute (IEPA) for the definition of baseline.

Amapá State has decided that the State REDD Program will focus on State Protected Areas and creating benefits for indigenous peoples and their territories. With respect to the State Protected Areas, the first phase of a REDD Program will be developed in 950,000 ha of Amapá State Forest Module IV. The second phase of the REDD Program will encompass the other three Modules of State Forests (totaling 1,350,000 ha) and RDS Iratapuru (806,000 ha). In response to discussions with indigenous peoples interested in REDD projects, the State Government expressed its commitment to developing a REDD program that will benefit indigenous peoples. The program will initially be developed for and tested in the Wajãpi territory. Amapa’s total indigenous population is estimated to be 6,200 individuals living in five indigenous territories encompassing 1.1 million ha.

Needs to develop a REDD Program

The readiness phase is critical for developing the basic framework for decision-making as well as for implementation of a credible REDD program with the ability to attract investors. Therefore, initial attention must focus on development and implementation of structural policies such as land-use zoning and land tenure regulation, establishment of a dedicated geoprocessing laboratory, and identification and/or development of methodologies for monitoring deforestation, degradation, and carbon stocks within the State. It is vital that the State Government secure state and federal resources to launch these initiatives while the REDD Program is being designed.

Draft Climate Change Law

The current draft climate change law provides a broad framework for climate change mitigation and adaptation measures. The law consists of principles, definitions, objectives, and instruments to address energy, transport, solid waste, REDD, and other sectors. The law creates the Climate Change System, which defines the institutional arrangement as well as instruments such as a Climate Change Plan with 5 programs: Education and capacity building for climate change; a “Bolsa Floresta” (forest allowance) as a compensation mechanism for forest peoples; carbon stock monitoring; clean technologies and alternative energy.

The law was drafted in 2009  and new efforts are underway in 2016 to pass the law.

State Forest Management Plan

In 2014 Amapa passed its State Forest Management Plan through Joint Order SEMA/IEF/AP No. 1[3]

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REDD+ Safeguards

Social groups reached by the REDD Program and number of people directly benefited - to be defined

Procedures taken by proponent and evidence that REDD Program acknowledges the rights and role of indigenous peoples and local communities - to be defined

Needs identified for rights recognition improvement - to be determined

Target population and rights recognition

Social groups reached by the REDD Program and number of people directly benefited - to be defined

Procedures taken by proponent and evidence that REDD Program acknowledges the rights and role of indigenous peoples and local communities - to be defined

Needs identified for rights recognition improvement - to be determined

Participation and Transparency mechanisms

What actions have been taken to guarantee free, prior and informed consent? - to be defined

Information on transparency of REDD program - to be defined

Needs identified for improvement in participation and transparency - to be determined

Benefit sharing mechanisms

Describe the broad picture of how REDD program addresses social and economic well-being of forest dependent communities, including poverty reduction and equitable benefit sharing - to be defined

Description of the PES or benefit sharing mechanisms currently in place or planned - to be defined

Describe evidence for participation of stakeholders in the development of the mechanisms - to be defined

Needs identified - to be determined

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