Central Kalimantan Indonesia

Current REDD+ Program Progress

Greenhouse Gas Emissions Reduction Strategy
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On the way forward, the action plans/strategies for GHG emission reduction having been pioneered and developed include:

Acceleration of creation of 31 forest management units (KPH) covering the total 8.5 million hectares [a draft for one province has been finalized, comprising 3 protected forest management units (KPHL) and 28 production forest management units (KPHP)]

Improving the existing and ongoing cooperations in the development of ecotourism, edutourism, and non-timber forest products (NTFPs)

Intensifying participatory land use planning and mapping by involving customary institutions and customary leaders (damang) and more NGO coalitions and universities; building a synergy with developers of REDD schemes (DA REDD KFCP, Ecosystem Restoration and HTR) as a form of REDD+ social and environmental safeguards.

Cooperating with BI (Bank of Indonesia), BPN (National Land Agency) and BPKH (a forest area mapping agency under the MoF) to accelerate land certification (Larasita) and licensing of community forests (HTR, Partnership Forests, etc.) to provide access to technical assistance incentives and funding (credit schemes) for Food Security Credit, Plantation Revitalization and HTR.

Cooperating with BPD (regional development bank), BI (Bank of Indonesia) and NGOs, the MoF, the Ministry of Finance, Bappenas (ICCTF) to explore the possibility to create a regional level credit insurance agency (LPKD) partnering with BLU (Public Service Agency) or other banking institutions for REDD+ upfront incentive payment.

Developing the Financial Incentive Scheme for Mitigation Program in the Forestry Sector, which is built on the ‘carbon value as in advance business feasibility incentives’ philosophy so that the mitigation programs can serve as investment developed using the economies of scale concept to create more attractive or at least equal green business and green industry (prospective: spatially leading to the establishment of ‘Silvapolitan’, i.e. a city-village that is based on modern local community’s forestry industry), which can be combined into a synergy with the Plantation Revitalization scheme, the KUR (Community’s Business Credit) scheme, and the KUPS (business credit for cow breeding) scheme by using the same approach (underwriting, subsidized bank interests, and gearing ratio). This is further developed through cooperation with regional governments, Bank of Indonesia, regional development banks, the Ministry of Finance, the MoF, State-Owned Enterprises (BUMN), Public Service Agency (BLU), forest concessions (HPH/HTI) (creation of credit insurance agencies, trust fund, a foster-parent system as additional underwriter/avalis). It was expected that the basic framework would have been formulated in 2010 with improvement completed in one semester (July 2011)

REDD-Related Regulations

MoU between the provincial government and Kemitraan Bagi Pembaruan Tata Kelola Pemerintah di Indonesia No. 01/MoU-KSD/KTG/2010 and No. 005/MoU/FEB 2010 on Support for Central Kalimantan Governance Improvement Program.

MoU between the provincial government and Yayasan Penyelamatan Orangutan Borneo (BOSF) No. 04/SP-KSD/KTG/2009 and No. 16/SPK/BOS-MAWAS/PM/XII/2009 on Conservation of Orangutans and Their Habitats in Central Kalimantan.

Development of the initiative that gave birth to the Heart of Borneo program; the initiative originally aimed at designating Muller Mountains as the World Heritage Site.

Collaborative study between the DFID and the MoF on the creation of KPHP, which produces guidelines to KPHP creation.

Cooperation between ICDP (Integrated Conservation and Development Program) and USAID and WWF Indonesia, which gave birth to Sebangau National Park

Cooperation with Wetlands International on carbon, forests and peat through the CCFPI (Climate Change, Forests and Peatlands Indonesia) project – a CIDA’s grant program – which produces the Map of Distribution, Depth and Carbon Content of Peat as well as a series of publications on Climate Change, the Kyoto Protocol and CDM.

Cooperation between South Central Kalimantan Production Forest Project (SCKPFP) and the European Union, which successfully led to the awarding of FSC’s Ecolabelling to 3 HPHs in Central Kalimantan (out of 7 FSC-certified HPHs throughout Indonesia)

The CKPP (Central Kalimantan Peatland Project) carried out by a consortium of Wetlands International, CARE International, WWF, BOSF and Palangka Raya University for Fire Prevention, Hydrological Restoration, Regreening, Livelihood Development and Conservation activities.

Cooperation with SAR Vision, IRI Columbia and IPB (Bogor Agricultural Institute) in the establishment of the Regional Center for Environmental Information (PIL) to monitor hotspots and environmental quality and provide an early warning system for fires.

Cooperation between Palangka Raya University through Centre for International Management of Tropical Peatlands (CIMTROP) with Hokkaido University, Nothingham University, BPPT (Agency for the Assessment and Application of Technology), LIPI (Indonesia’s Institute for Science), University of Helsinki, University of Munich, University of Wageningen, and Deft Hydrolics, which produces the Natural Laboratory of Peat Forests, various researches, publications and prestigious international seminars on peat fires, peat properties, carbon flux, peat hydrology, carbon emission from peat, etc.

President’s Instruction No. 2 Year 2007 dated 16 March 2007 on Rehabilitation and Revitalization of the Ex-Mega Rice Project Area in Central Kalimantan, which produces various programs to save the Ex-Mega Rice Project area.

Cooperation with the Dutch Embassy, producing the Master Plan for Rehabilitation and Revitalization of the Ex-Mega Rice Project Area. Previously, spatial maps had been produced of deep peat areas, biodiversity and environmental sensitivity to be protected, and of areas for cultivation and limited cultivation (adaptive management).

The Indonesia Australia Forest Carbon Partnership (IAFCP), signed by the President of the Republic of Indonesia and the Australia’s Prime Minister on 13 July 2008 in the effort to build and establish a long-term practical cooperation between both countries on REDD. Serving as the REDD+ demonstration activity is the Kalimantan Forest Carbon Partnership (KFCP) in 120,000 hectares of the Ex-Mega Rice Project area.

Cooperation on REDD+ projects initiation:

With the Clinton Foundation and FFI on Ecosystem Restoration in areas around Lamandau Reserve

With OFI and the Infinite Planet on Ecosystem Restoration in areas around Tanjung Puting National Park

With the Clinton Foundation and Rimba Makmur Utama on Ecosystem Restoration in Katingan and Kotawaringin Timur.

Cooperation on Stakeholder’s Capacity Building and Awareness Raising:

Dissemination of REDD information and Workshop on Creation of REDD Working Groups, in cooperation with Puslitbang Sosek Dephut (the Forestry Ministry’s Social Economic Research and Development Center) (2009)

Workshop on REDD for regional government officers, in cooperation with Kemitraan (2009)

Workshop on MRV Development, in cooperation with ICRAF (2010)

MRV Workshop for stakeholders, in cooperation with the Clinton Foundation (2010)

National Seminar on REDD, in cooperation with Kemitraan (2010)

Dissemination of REDD information to the Dayak council (MADN) and customary leaders (Demang)

Training on OSIRIS for REDD+ MRV in cooperation with DNPI (2010)

Training on GIS and Remote Sensing for district/city administrations organized by WWF’s HoB (Heart of Borneo) (2010)

Training on Village Planning for village officers organized by CARE International (2009-2010)

Pilot Participatory Mapping and PNPM-like Incentives for Community-based Rehabilitation and Revitalization of the Ex-Mega Rice Project Area by Care International (2009-2010)

Public Consultation on the Master Plan for the Rehabilitation and Revitalization of the Ex-Mega Rice Project Area in 228 villages around the site, 3 districts/cities, and the province, including dissemination through radio press release, karaoke and television (2009-2010)

Workshop on Low Carbon Economic Growth for stakeholders, in cooperation with the DNPI (National Council on Climate Change) and McKinsey (2010)

Creation of the Regional Commission on Reduction of Emission from Deforestation and Forest and Peat Degradation (Governor’s Decree No: 188.44/152/2010)

Creation of DDPI (Regional Council on Climate Change) as a coordinating agency for the implementation of climate change control (Governor’s Decree No: 188.44/153/2010)

REDD+ Related Regulations
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Spatial Planning
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On the way forward, the spatial planning efforts which have been pioneered and which are to be developed include:

Integration of the outputs of studies on Low Carbon Economic Growth Strategies (in cooperation with the DNPI and McKinsey) into the Provincial 2010-2015 Mid-Term Development Plan document, which was to be passed as regional government law in early 2011.

Development of regional government regulations (Perda) related to climate change (drafts have been made)

Development of regional government regulations (Perda) related to collaborative management of protected forests as a follow-up to the recommendations of the Master Plan for the Rehabilitation and Revitalization of the Ex-Mega Rice Project Area

Cooperation with Monash University to improve the capacity of Palangka Raya University in MRV, Agroforestry and Community Empowerment for Sustainable Low Carbon Development

Cooperation with JICA, ITTO, JAXA, Hokkaido University, Nihon University and Palangka Raya University to develop community-based MRV, which is synchronized with Japan’s MRV (J-Ver) Standardization, which is adopted by the ITTO

Expansion of illegal logging monitoring coverage by using remote sensing technology (Alos Palsar radar) and Ultralight ground checking, based on the experience of BOSF and SAR Vision

LIDAR Mapping of above-the-ground and below-the-ground biomass volume, including peat carbon, in cooperation with the Netherlands and Australia in the entire Ex-Mega Rice Project area

Cooperation with BPPT (Agency for the Assessment and Application of Technology), LIPI (Indonesia’s Institute for Science), and JICA and Palangka Raya University to develop a high speed broadband system to connect universities, research institutions and government agencies in Central Kalimantan and to connect the above to the national and international institutions.

Accelerated Legislature’s Endorsement of regional government regulations on provincial/district/city spatial plan, upon the completion of the Synchronization of Forest Land Use by Consensus (TGHK) and Provincial Spatial Plan (RTRWP) or padu serasi

Cooperation with the MoF cq. Directorate General of Forestry Planning Agency (BPKH) and BPN (National Land Agency) to formulate regulations on and SOP of land use planning and mapping, which is combined into a synergy with field delineation of forest area as a follow-up to Forest Area Gazettement (PKH).

Cooperation with the Dutch Embassy to intensify land use planning and mapping activities, aimed at providing legal and business certainty, and rights to land resources; access to funding incentive schemes and technical assistance in the field of forestry and agriculture.

Continuing a collaborative plan with the UKP4 to create similar work units at regional level that monitor and evaluate regional development; the plan is related to changes in the planning paradigm (i.e. to start from village level planning), through use of Village Potential (Podes) data from BPS (Central Bureau of Statistics) as the starting point and publication through Google Earth for transparency and accountability, particularly when made into a synergy with REDD+ agencies that are to be established at national level.

Stakeholder Engagement
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Community safeguards and engagement having been conducted include:

The province’s commitment to establishing a green and clean province through green government policy-based development.

Obligation of all HPH, oil palm and mining companies to issue a letter of willingness to conduct Community Development programs; the willingness is stated in the EIA document.

Synergy and harmonization of CSR or PKBL (partnership and environmental development program) with regional governments’ development activities through SKPD (regional work unit).

Cooperation with local NGOs (Save Our Borneo, Betang Borneo, Mitra Lingkungan, Yayasan Teropong, Caggar, Poker SHK, Yayasan Tahanjung Tarung, Petak Danum, Gunung Lumut, Kalawet, Flora Fauna) and with national/international ones working in Central Kalimantan (WWF, FFI, Care, BOSF) to hold public consultations and creation of a community-based forest in Kasongan, a customary forest in Kalawa (Pulang Pisau), a village forest in Lamandau, revitalization of the Ex-Mega Rice Project Area, management of protected/conservation forests such as the Protected Forest in Mt. Bondang, and protection of orangutans, owa-owa, forest orchids and other species.

Creation of one HTR (community plantation forest) in Kotawaringin Barat District under Permenhut No. 114/Menhut-II/2008, which encompasses an area of 11,942 hectares, and the granting of IUPHHK-HTR (permit for timber utilization from community plantation forest) on 1,744-hectare land under Decree of the Regent of Kotawaringin Barat No. 522.1/226/1.3/IV/2009 dated 29 April 2009 to Koperasi Anugerah Alam Permai.

Creation of 29 (out of the targeted 90) units of Community’s Nursery

Development of participatory land use planning and mapping at village level, in cooperation with local NGOs to implement the regulations (Perda and Pergub) on customary land, provide legal and business certainty, minimize conflicts over natural resources, accelerate revitalization of community’s plantations and forests and provide access to financial incentives (credit schemes).

REDD Programs & Safeguards

REDD+ Programs

To prepare jurisdiction-level strategies for REDD implementation in which the affirmative action is community-based REDD, a shift from project-based orientation to administrative-wide community-based REDD is needed. By doing so, Central Kalimantan will drive the development of a low carbon local economy while reducing pressure on forest resources. With regard to the existing REDD initiatives, they will be aligned so as to establish a partnership between project initiators and local communities in REDD implementation, so local community will serve not only as recipients but also as equal REDD players.

Since 2006, the Central Kalimantan Province’s programs have been in line with REDD+ concept and issue, indicated by:

Improved institutional performance of government agencies

MoU between the Governor and KPK (Corruption Eradication Commission) No. 002/PemProv Kalteng-KPK/III/2006 and No. 790/447/ORG.

Governance

Corruption Eradication

Improvement of human resource capacity within the Internal Monitoring System, in cooperation with the BPKP (financial and development monitoring agency); all the echelon II-IV officials have been trained by the BPKP.

Implementation of Electronic Procurement Service (LPSE) as a pilot province for goods and service procurement through electronic tenders, in cooperation with USAID and Bappenas.

Illegal Logging

Central Kalimantan Governor’s Decree No. 188.44/256/2008 dated 8 August 2008 on Creation of the Joint Team for Forest Control/Security of Central Kalimantan Province; as a follow-up to President’s Instruction No. 4 of 2005, the provincial government of Central Kalimantan issued Governor’s Decree No. 164 of 2005 on 2 August 2005, which had been revised by Governor’s Decree No. 188.44/256/2008 dated 8 August 2008 on Creation of the Joint Team for Forest Control/Security of Central Kalimantan Province; the Team comprises representatives of TNI (National Armed Forces), POLRI (National Police), and related government agencies.

Instructing all the Regents/Mayors in the province to accelerate combat against illegal logging and trade in its associated products in their respective jurisdictions (Central Kalimantan Governor’s Letter No. 522.21/957/Dishut dated 7 June 2007.

Securing the exit route of timber forest products through the 11 (eleven) river mouths in the province (Central Kalimantan Governor’s Letter No. 522.11/520/Ek dated 20 March 2006).

Forest and Land Fire Control

Regional Government Regulation No. 5 Year 2003 on Forest and Land Fire Control

Central Kalimantan Governor’s Decree No. 77 Year 2005 on Implementation Guidelines to Forest and Land Fire Control in Central Kalimantan Province.

Central Kalimantan Governor’s Decree No. 78 Year 2005 on Technical Guidelines to Forest and Land Fire Control in Central Kalimantan Province.

Central Kalimantan Governor’s Regulation No. 52 Year 2008 on Guidelines to Land Clearing for Communities in Central Kalimantan.

Regional Government Regulation No. 10 Year 2009 on Creation of Provincial Disaster Management Body of Central Kalimantan (BPBD).

Settlement of land tenure conflicts through Governor’s Decree No. 188.44/335/2010 dated 4 November 2010 on Creation of the Prevention, Enforcement, Management and Settlement Team for Plantation-Related Disputes, which serves as the umbrella regulation to settle land conflicts between communities and plantation companies.

Institutional Framework

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REDD+ Safeguards

Target population and rights recognition

Social groups reached by the REDD Program and number of people directly benefited - This has yet to be quantitatively indicated, but it is estimated to involve approximately 500-600 villages or local settlements.

Procedures taken by proponent and evidence that REDD Program acknowledges the rights and role of indigenous peoples and local communities

It will be implemented through a participatory planning process, involving indigenous leaders and organizations and the applicable rules on customary rights (Provincial regulations and Governor’s Decrees) for clarity of tenure and future collective management plans. 

Needs identified for rights recognition improvement

Facilitation of the implementation of standard participatory land use planning and mapping process at community (village/customary) level to allow alignment with and link to the official spatial data standard (District/City and Provincial Spatial Plans.

Land/forest tenure administration and relation with REDD

Legal support and protection of forest tenure

- Coordination Team for Land Conflict Resolution 

- Forest Designation by the Forestry Minister

- Provincial Regulation and Governor’s Decree on indigenous peoples and customary land

Clear responsibilities, capacity and authority for forest tenure administration

- Decentralized forest delineation by the Forestry Ministry

- Provincial/District/City Spatial Plan Coordination Bodies

Actions planned or developed by governments to solve issues related to land tenure uncertainties within REDD priority areas

 - Participatory mapping of (customary and local) people’s land 

 - Relation of forest tenure solving and REDD objectives/actions

 - Important for certainty and asset related to mitigation and economic incentives

 - Recognition of communities and indigenous peoples’ rights

Mapping will be integrated with the provincial/district/city spatial plan data and the “one map system” plan to reduce potential overlapping land or land appropriation.

Participation of communities and indigenous peoples in forest tenure definition

There are already several indigenous people’s group using maps to clarify the location, status and size of their management land.

Definition of legal aspects related to property and rights to forest carbon in REDD project areas

Land status by spatial plan, management status by permit, customary status based on customs.

Conflict resolution measures in place

There are conflict resolution measures under positive and customary laws.

Needs identified

Facilitation of participatory mapping (regulations, capacity building and field implementation), participatory forest management (revised collaborative decree of the Forestry Minister; Governor’s decree or provincial regulation on collaborative management), capacity building for local figures and players in the context of field-level participation.

Participation and Transparency mechanisms

Actions taken to guarantee free, prior and informed consent

Dissemination process, workshops, seminars and training, involving various stakeholders.

Briefly describes mechanisms for consultation and continuous participation addressed or planned by REDD Program in the development and implementation phases, include target groups assessed or planned to be, methods used (particularities to deal with capacity, timing and understanding of indigenous peoples and local communities)

Through mass media, radios, television, newspapers, training, customary meetings and short training as well as workshop, involving non-profit organizations (NGOs) and civil society organizations (CSOs).

Information on transparency of REDD program:

-Available information: printed materials, files, tapes/videos 

-Medias used: newspapers, radios, television

-Public access: special, general/open

Needs identified for improvement in participation and transparency

Graded information materials relevant to the targets (mild, technical, detailed)

Benefit sharing mechanisms

Describe the broad picture of how REDD program addresses social and economic well-being of forest dependent communities, including poverty reduction, equitable benefit sharing 

Communities have a direct access to forest resources, to Carbon Fund-backed financial incentives, and there is facilitation of market access for people’s economic activities and market penetration.

Description of the PES or benefit sharing mechanisms currently in place or planned (concrete elements)

To seek a real financial incentive upfront such as business credits through underwriting and subsidized interest, supported by capital and market accesses as well as technological assistance. In this context, for people’s activities, both individually (less than 20 hectare per person) and collectively (village forest, customary forest, etc.), a sharing mechanism is not needed but all the benefits should go to them as these activities are related to poverty alleviation and fulfillment of basic rights (food, education, health).

Describe evidences for participation of stakeholders in the development of the mechanisms

Several seminars and workshops and the ongoing development of REDD+ provincial strategies, most of which are implemented not by the government but by NGOs/CSOs (AMAN, WWF, Kemitraan, CARE, Wetlands International, etc.), which are the provincial government’s partners. All the activities are well documented.

Needs identified

Analyses of stakeholder’s roles, capacity and needs, which are linked to the strategies the provincial government is going to develop.

Environmental

Ecosystem Services

Currently, the region of Sebangau has become one of the main areas on which communities rely to improve their life quality due to its economic and ecological benefits. As such, the sustainability of the ecosystem is one of the factors determining human life quality, at local, regional, national and global level. In addition, Sebangau National Park is among the ecosystem types that play an important role in regulating water cycles so that droughts and floods can be prevented. (http://soeyoko-sebangau.blogspot.com/2012/03/jelutung-di-taman-nasional-sebangau.html)

Biodiversity

The province’s coastal and mountainous areas, lowlands and swamps contain an exceptional variety of tropical vegetation, much of which is still unknown. Orangutans are endemic and commonly found in the province, particularly in Tanjung Puting National Park, which spans across 300,000 ha in Kotawaringin Barat and Seruyan districts. The Park is the habitat of bears, porcupines, owa-owa, beruk, monkeys, bekantan, ant-eaters, crocodiles, kukang, freshwater whales (tampahas), arwana, manjuhan, marine biota, turtles, bulus, rangkong bird, cockatoos/parrots and many other wild animals. (http://id.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kalimantan_Tengah#Keanekaragaman_Hayati)

Financing

Audit & Reviews

The GCF Knowledge Database will provide links to relevant audits and reviews of REDD related activities in GCF states and provinces. In addition to making this information available as part of the database, the information generated through relevant audits and reviews will be used to update and improve the quality of the information in the database and to provide feedback to GCF states and provinces as they move forward in developing programs to reduce emissions from land use and deforestation.

[For now, this is the same on each state/province page.]

Registry

The province’s coastal and mountainous areas, lowlands and swamps contain an exceptional variety of tropical vegetation, much of which is still unknown. Orangutans are endemic and commonly found in the province, particularly in Tanjung Puting National Park, which spans across 300,000 ha in Kotawaringin Barat and Seruyan districts. The Park is the habitat of bears, porcupines, owa-owa, beruk, monkeys, bekantan, ant-eaters, crocodiles, kukang, freshwater whales (tampahas), arwana, manjuhan, marine biota, turtles, bulus, rangkong bird, cockatoos/parrots and many other wild animals. (http://id.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kalimantan_Tengah#Keanekaragaman_Hayati)

Financing

Audit & Reviews

The GCF Knowledge Database will provide links to relevant audits and reviews of REDD related activities in GCF states and provinces. In addition to making this information available as part of the database, the information generated through relevant audits and reviews will be used to update and improve the quality of the information in the database and to provide feedback to GCF states and provinces as they move forward in developing programs to reduce emissions from land use and deforestation.

[For now, this is the same on each state/province page.]

Registry

Currently, the region of Sebangau has become one of the main areas on which communities rely to improve their life quality due to its economic and ecological benefits. As such, the sustainability of the ecosystem is one of the factors determining human life quality, at local, regional, national and global level. In addition, Sebangau National Park is among the ecosystem types that play an important role in regulating water cycles so that droughts and floods can be prevented. (http://soeyoko-sebangau.blogspot.com/2012/03/jelutung-di-taman-nasional-sebangau.html)

Sources