Cross River State Nigeria

Current REDD+ Program Progress

Greenhouse Gas Emissions Reduction Strategy
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REDD+ Related Laws
Under Implementation

A logging moratorium to stop logging for a 2-year period was enacted in 2009 and has since been extended indefinitively.

A Forest Management Law was passed on September 9, 2010 to update Cross River State laws to encourage conservation, sustainable forest management and to allow for REDD programs and projects.[1]

Ecological and Economic Zoning
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Land Registry
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REDD+ Programs

Nigeria's REDD+ National Program was signed on 28 August 2012

CRS has engaged UN REDD, the World Bank FCPF, and the US Forest Service to discuss funding the full development of a statewide REDD program. The state and its partners have developed a preliminary grant proposal  covering many of the initial steps of a statewide REDD program. 

Capacity Building
Improved forest law, tenure, governance, etc.
Pilot projects
Forest monitoring and field studies
Civil engagement and outreach
Fund-raising[2]

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REDD+ Safeguards

The programme is still being developed, but the goal would be to reach the whole state by improving the economy and the environment through a comprehensive REDD program. Procedures taken by proponents provide evidence that the REDD Program acknowledges the rights and role of indigenous peoples and local communities.

Land/forest tenure administration and relation with REDD
Legal support and protection of forest tenure – yet to be defined in relation to Cross River State REDD programme.
Clear responsibilities, capacity and authority for forest tenure administration – yet to be defined in relation to REDD programme.
Actions planned or developed by governments to solve issues related to land tenure uncertainties within REDD priority areas– yet to be defined in relation to REDD programme.
Relation of forest tenure solving and REDD objectives/actions– yet to be defined in relation to REDD programme.
Recognition of communities and indigenous peoples’ rights– yet to be clearly defined in relation to REDD programme.
Participation of communities and indigenous peoples in forest tenure definition– yet to be defined in relation to REDD programme.
Definition of legal aspects related to property and rights to forest carbon in REDD project areas– yet to be defined in relation to REDD programme.
Conflict resolution measures in place– yet to be defined in relation to REDD programme.
Needs identified? Yes, support will be required for this activity area.

Participation and Transparency mechanisms
What actions have been taken to guarantee free, prior and informed consent?
While engagement on REDD across the country has been limited to date, there has been extensive engagement with forest communities on conservation and sustainable forest management over the last 20 years in Cross River State. This process started with the WWF programme for Cross River National Park and the DFID Community Forestry Programme with the CRSFC that saw the creation of 45 Forest Management Committees (FMCS) in forest communities. Various environmental NGOs such as CERCOPAN, Pandrillus and others have worked intensively with their “host” communities on conservation programmes over the last 15 years and awareness on conservation issues is high in many villages. A recent UN-REDD mission carried out two stakeholder workshops on REDD (one in Calabar and one in Abuja) to which a wide range of stakeholders where invited from government, NGOs as well as forest dependent community representatives.
The launching of the UN-REDD programme in Nigeria was marked by the gathering of over 150 participants in Calabar for the launch of the Nigeria REDD+ University on March 19, 2012. The programme will build capacity among stakeholders on technical and policy issues with presentations from projects that provide lessons and best practices in the domain, and sharing of REDD+ initiatives from other countries. Participants include federal and state officials, NGO practitioners, civil society organisations, representatives from forest-dependent communities in Cross River State, researchers, lecturers, students, extension workers, delegates from states interested in REDD+, journalists, and private sector entrepreneurs.
Briefly describe the mechanisms for consultation and continuous participation addressed or planned by REDD Program in the development and implementation phases, include target groups addressed or planned to be and the methods used (particularly in dealing with capacity, timing and understanding of indigenous peoples and local communities)
Nigeria REDD+ University was launched on March 19. 2012, the REDD+ University is a preamble activity for the implementation of Nigeria's REDD+ Readiness Programme, which was approved by the last UN-REDD Policy Board with a budget allocation of US$ 4 million (around 650 million Naira). It will start full-fledge implementation within the next 2 months. The REDD+ University represents a public inception of this programme and to prepare the knowledge base for its implementation. The REDD+ University aims at fostering understanding, learning and stakeholder dialogue in Nigeria on the REDD+ mechanism and how to craft it. The University is organised by Cross River State Forestry Commission, in close liaison with the Federal Ministry of Environment and the National REDD+ Secretariat, and with the support of UN- REDD (a U.N. partnership for REDD+ by FAO, UNDP and UNEP).
Information on transparency of REDD program
- Public access to available information
- Media used to raise programme awareness
Needs identified for improvement in participation and transparency
Yes, there will be a need for assistance with developing and rolling out the countrywide REDD stakeholder engagement plan.

Benefit sharing mechanisms
Describe the broad picture of how REDD program addresses social and economic well-being of forest dependent communities, including poverty reduction, equitable benefit sharing.
There will be a wide range of co-benefits from REDD including sustained income from Non-Timber Forest Products (NTFP) upon which the forest communities depend for a large portion of household incomes.
Description of the PES or benefit sharing mechanisms currently in place or planned (concrete elements)
To be developed.
Describe evidences for participation of stakeholders in the development of the mechanisms
To be developed.
Needs identified
Yes, assistance will be required in the development of benefit sharing mechanisms.

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