Pará Brazil

Current REDD+ Program Progress

Plan for Prevention and Control of Deforestation

The federally-mandated plan was completed in 2009. It focuses on 3 groups of actions: Land Use and Environmental Planning; Sustainable Economic Activities; and Monitoring and Control. The PPCAD is executed by 23 organizations; governance is carried out by the Forum for Climate Change (representing more than 40 organizations).  The PPCAD was formalized through PPCAD / Decree 1697 / June 2009.[2]

REDD+ Related Laws

These laws define the legal framework for climate change policies by economic sector and determine mechanisms for civil society participation in the policy process.

Ecological and Economic Zoning

Para concluded its macro zoning ZEE in 2005, and has since completed two additional region-specific plans in west and northeast Para.  They were all formalized through state laws no 6.745 (2005), nº 7.243 (2009) and  no 7.604 (2012). State decree No. 1,026 created a supervisory committee, technical scientific committee, and working group on ZEE in Para.  All ZEEs have been validated by the federal government.

Land Registry

The Rural Environmental Land Registry (CAR) is a federally-mandated, satellite-based land registry system for rural properties which is required for environmental licensing, monitoring and enforcement. It is one of the strategic actions of the PPCAD and a key instrument in sectoral planning.

REDD+ Programs

Pará State’sREDD strategy is associated with the PPCAD (Plan for Deforestation Prevention, Control and Alternatives). PPCAD is governed by the Climate Change Forum and is considered to be the primary state environmental policy, focusing on regulating land tenure and creating and maintaining a rural land registry. PPCAD has set a goal to reduce the deforestation rate by 80% by 2020, which may result may consist the goal in a future REDD program.

Although SEMA is not yet developing a REDD program, it is in the process of developing the fundamental policies that will enable development of a full-fledged REDD strategy at the state level. SEMA plans to identify those PPCAD actions which would would be most suited for a REDD program. SEMA is strongly focusing on partnerships with NGOs (IMAZON, CI and TNC) which are currently preparing pilot REDD projects in the Calha Norte and São Felix do Xingu regions. SEMA regards these projects as pilot REDD projects that will contribute to the design of a state-wide REDD Program through the lessons learned from these projects. São Felix do Xingu is a project whose focus is on multiple tenure categories (protected areas, indigenous territories, private properties, and agrarian reform settlement projects), while Calha Norte focuses on 3 State Forests. Coordination with county governments, especially those under embargo (50 counties with high deforestation in Brazil under embargo since 2008), will be of critical importance. PPCAD for the county level is a priority in these countiesand is one of the main pillars of the State strategy. Therefore SEMA intends to come up with no restricted program encompassing any kind of project and regional or thematic strategies.

As advisor to the State, IMAZON has recommended 3 types of zones to be the focus of a REDD Program in Pará: 1) Old Deforestation Frontier Zones, which are appropriate for consolidation and productivity increase; 2) New Deforestation Frontier Zones, which are the most feasible areas for a state REDD Program; and 3) Conservation Zones, represented by Protected Areas and Indigenous Territories that are highly demanding in terms of consolidation and could fit in a state REDD Program.

Draft Climate Change Law - The current draft law outlines a broad framework for climate change mitigation and adaptation measures, describing principles, definitions, objectives and instruments. REDD is mentioned in one of the specific objectives alongside other issues including energy, transport, and solid waste. Instruments related to REDD are the Program of Payments for Environmental Services (IDESP is charged with the development of this program) and as yet undefined Public Climate Change and PES Fund. Current REDD-related discussions focus on the definition of the scope of REDD, PES mechanisms, and the nature and administration of the fund. - Under discussion by the Forum, possibly end of discussion in August and not clear if it will pass this year.

Legal Forest Reserve in private properties / Decree 2099 /January 2010- This decree regulates the maintenance and restoration of natural forest regeneration as well as the reforestation and tradeable deforestation rights of Legal Reserve areas in private forests - fully functional

Decree 1379 of 03/09/2015 - creates the Environmental Regularization Programme for Rural Properties of the State of Pará - PRA/PA

Decree 54/2011 - launched the Green Municipalities Program with the objective of fighting deforestation and strengthening sustainable rural production through strategic actions for environmental planning and environmental management with a focus on local pacts, deforestation monitoring, implimentation of the Rural Environmental Registry (CAR) and structuring municipal management

CAR, Rural Environmental Registry / Decree 1148 / July 2008 - This decree declares mandatory registration of every rural property in the State Environmental Registry (CAR) as a first step for any property licesning- fully functional

PPCAD / Decree 1697 / June 2009 – This decree creates the PPCAD and defines goals, targets, actions and responsibilities within the State governance structure - in process of implementation

SEUC, State Protected Areas System - Created by Law # 5887 in 2005, this system is responsible for the management of protected areas within Pará State - fully functional

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REDD+ Safeguards

Target population and rights recognition

Social groups reached by the REDD Program and number of people directly benefited - to be defined

Procedures taken by proponent and evidence that REDD Program acknowledges the rights and role of indigenous peoples and local communities - to be defined

Needs identified for rights recognition improvement - to be determined

Land/forest tenure administration in relation to REDD+

Legal support and protection of forest tenure - to be defined

Clear responsibilities, capacity and authority for forest tenure administration - to be defined

Actions planned or developed by governments to solve issues related to land tenure uncertainties within REDD priority areas - to be defined

Relation of forest tenure solving and REDD objectives/actions - to be defined

Recognition of communities and indigenous peoples’ rights - to be defined

Participation of communities and indigenous peoples in forest tenure definition - to be defined

Definition of legal aspects related to property and rights to forest carbon in REDD project areas - to be defined

Conflict resolution measures in place - to be defined

Needs identified - to be defined

Participation and Transparency mechanisms

What actions have been taken to guarantee free, prior and informed consent? - Program to be defined

Briefly describe mechanisms for consultation and continuous participation addressed or planned by REDD Program - Program to be defined

Information on transparency of REDD program - Program to be defined

Needs identified for improvement in participation and transparency - to be determined

Benefit sharing mechanisms

Describe the broad picture of how REDD program addresses social and economic wellbeing of forest dependent communities, including poverty reduction, equitable benefit

sharing - to be defined

Description of the PES or benefit sharing mechanisms currently in place or planned - to be defined

Describe evidence of participation of stakeholders in the development of the mechanisms - to be defined

Needs identified – to be determined

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