Chiapas Mexico
Manuel Velasco Coello
Undersecretary of Climate Change
Director of Climate Change

Chiapas is the eighth largest state in Mexico, with an area of ​​73,282 km², which represents 3.8% of Mexico's total area. It has a rich biodiversity with cloud forests, temperate, natural and induced grasslands, humid tropical and sub-humid areas and tropical rainforest (INEGI, 2010). These different types of forests cover 42% of the total area of ​​the state (PACCCH, 2011). As a result, in Chiapas, 30% of Mexico's surface water is found. It also has 47 Natural Protected Areas covering 19.8% of the total surface area of ​​the state (SEMAHN, 2010). In 2009, the state government launched the Climate Change Action Program for the State of Chiapas (PACCCH), with the participation of many local and national actors, which generated an analysis of deforestation and forest degradation in the state and projections For the future, as well as a state inventory of greenhouse gases. The institutional and legal framework for mitigation and adaptation to climate change was created through the publication of the Law on Adaptation to Climate Change and Mitigation that establishes the creation of a State Commission on Climate Change, made up of 15 state government agencies that are responsible The development and implementation of adaptation and mitigation policies, in this sense, the participation of organized civil society. The REDD + Technical Advisory Council (CTC REDD + CH), officially established in 2011, is currently working with the Ministry of the Environment on regulations for climate change and the development of the state REDD + strategy, with input from civil society organizations , Federal agencies and academic institutions in Chiapas. The objective is to issue a state REDD + strategy in 2013 and a regional REDD + strategy by 2015. The state is working to align its efforts with the National Vision for REDD + and the National REDD + Strategy, in that regard, attend meetings with the Technical Council REDD + National Consultative and align efforts on issues of: safeguards, goals and processes, Monitoring, Reporting and Verification, and institutional and legal frameworks


Total Land Area
73,289 km²[1]
4 % of Mexico's Total Area
% of Land That Is Forest
51 %
Deforestation Trend


Population of State/Province
4.80 Million[2]
% of National Population
4.27 %
Urban vs. Rural Population
Ethnic Groups


State/Province GDP
MXN 281,612[6]
Annual Per Capita Income
MXN 32,900[7]
GDP Breakdown
Human Development Index
Main Exports
real estate, agriculture, forestry, industry, mining, construction

Forest Status

Original Forest Area
47,047 km²[10]
Current Forest Area
37,129 km²[10]
Total Forest Carbon
1,176 MtC
Major Vegetation Types
Forest Management
Deforestation Rates
Total Area Deforested
9,918 km²
Main Deforestation Drivers
land use change from forest to pasture; followed by land use change from forest to agriculture; factors which most influence land use change are status of protection of the area, accessibility to the zone, socio-economic and ecological zone, and type of forest.[16]


1. Mexico FREL.
2. INEGI, 2013. Volumen y crecimiento. Población total por entidad federativa, 1895 a 2010.
3. INEGI, 2011. Pespectiva estadistica Chiapas.
4. INEGI, 2011, Perspectiva Estadistica Chiapas.
5. INEGI, 2011, Perspectiva estadistica Chiapas.
6. NEGI; 2012 y 2013, estimación de la Secretaria de Hacienda del estado de Chiapas con base a cifras proyectadas al nacional. Millones de Pesos.
7. Calculated using values derived from: Anuario estadístico. Chiapas, Edición: 2012, Cobertura temporal: 2011, Desglose geográfico: Municipal, ISSN: 0188-8587Formato: Electrónico.
8. Anuario estadístico. Chiapas, Edición: 2012, Cobertura temporal: 2011, Desglose geográfico: Municipal, ISSN: 0188-8587Formato: Electrónico.
9. Programa de las Naciones Unidas para el Desarrollo (PNUD, 2010): El Indice de Desarrollo Humano en México: cambios metodológicos e información para las entidades federativas.
Forest Status
10. Mexico FREL.
11. SNIARN, 2011. El ambiente en números, Mexico D.F.
12. Gobierno Federal (2010). Los Objetivos de Desarrollo del Milenio en México. Informe de Avances 2010.
13. UNACH, 2012, Estimación de la SEMAHN con base a los datos de Areas Naturales Protegidas.
14. Gobierno de Chiapas, 2008. 2do Informe de gobierno.
16. Secretaría de Medio Ambiente e Historia Natural Chiapas, 2011. Programa de Acción Ante el Cambio Climático del Estado de Chiapas (PACCCH).