The State of Amapá has great environmental diversity with areas of mangroves, floodplains, cerrado, and tropical forests. The state also has great cultural diversity with indigenous peoples inhabiting several ecosystems in the state, including protected areas. In total the state of Amapá has allocated about 73% of its territory to protected areas, distributed over 19 Conservation Units and 5 Indigenous Territories, covering an area of 10.25 million hectares. In this context, protected areas are legally established by the government and are an important instrument to safeguard natural resources and promote scientific research, recreation, leisure, environmental education and sustainable use by traditional communities. Protected areas also seek to guarantee the environmental services which are fundamental for the management of the State of Amapá. The state’s commitment to conservation is reflected by low rates of deforestation, which today account for only 2.65% of the Amapá forests, or approximately 2,925 square kilometers accumulated over the years.
The State contributes about 0.23% to the Brazilian economy. It has an estimated population in 2017 of 797,722 inhabitants that is predominantly urban. Its economic base is the services sector, which accounts for about 85.8% of GDP. Nearly half (44%) of GDP comes from government administration and social spending. In 2015, the GDP of Amapá was R $ 13.861 billion reais (SEPLAN, 2017)
The main productive sectors of Amapá currently account for small portions of GDP: construction accounts for 7.9%; the manufacturing industry by 3.4%; agriculture and livestock 1.3%; and forestry and fisheries production of 0.8% (SEPLAN, 2017). The manufacturing industry in Amapá generated R $ 471.27 million in 2015 according to SEPLAN (2017). The state of Amapá's GDP cannot measure the contribution of environmental assets to welfare. Thus, despite its low contribution to GDP, the extraction of non-timber forest resources, family agriculture and fishing are vital to guarantee livelihoods and food security for the population of Amapá (VIANA et al., 2014). In 2012, the main non-timber forest product extracted in Amapá was the açaí with 2,627 tons quantity produced. This was followed by Brazil nut (489 tons) and palmito (18 tons) (IBGE, 2016) . However, much of the production and trade of non-timber products occurs in the informal market; this is not captured by official data (VIANA et al., 2014)
In order to address information and data gaps the state has supported projects, actions, tools and research for strategic information to support the State's public policies. Projects such as Amapá Carbon; the REDD + FLEET; the Project Technical Support for Incorporation of Environmental Services in Programs at the State Level in Amapá - Brazil; REDD + for the Guiana Shields; the Cajari Carbon project; the Carbon Calculator tool developed by IPAM; the GCF Performance Measurement System; the Connecting Climate Change Project to Sustainable Forest Management in Settlement Projects in Amapá ; and the REDD + Monitoring Project in the state of Amapá , are contributing to the knowledge base for the construction of the REDD + Jurisdictional System.
Multistakeholder dialogue is vital to coordinate and support these initiatives and in 2013 Amapa created the Amapaense Forum on Global Climate Change and Environmental Services, enabling discussion with key institutions, councils, civil society and private sector on the construction of State Policy on Climate Change and Incentive to the Conservation of Environmental Services and REDD+, which has been drafted. It is expected that the construction and implementation of the Environmental Services Jurisdictional System of Amapá will allow the state to scale and implement a consistent policy involving society, economy and the environment.
Additional information can be found on the GCF Impact Platform
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According to a study by Less (2016) there are several factors that have contributed to the conservation of Amerindian forests that are currently under risk. One aspect that historically supported conservation was the regions geographic isolation, which is now changing as the development of agricultural activities has attracted farmers from other regions. In this context, the State is facing new pressures on the forest frontier and risks are elevated due to low land regularization of small rural producer combined with low productivity related to slash and burn techniques.
Less (2016) notes there is a low correlation between livestock and deforested areas in many cases, suggesting that agricultural activities can be stimulated in these areas without the need for new deforestation. The study suggests the reduction in new deforestation in the state may be associated with the appreciation in the price of Acai. Acai is the only non-timber forest product that had an increase in price and production according to the study, due to an increase in demand coupled with enhanced productivity as a result of the technical assistance promoted by the IEF / AP and investment from the private sector. A key issue to maintain forest cover in Amapa is to generate income for rural populations through sustainable forest management and the use of wood and non-timber fore products. This will require the strengthening of sustainable forest production chains and investment in diverse livelihood and income generating activities.
|a.||En raison des différentes approches méthodologiques et des années de référence, les champs de données sur l'état des forêts peuvent différer légèrement. Les sources de données pour chaque champ sont énumérées ci-dessous.|
|1.||Instituto Brasileiro de Geografia e Estatística -IBGE link|
|9.||FONTE: Macrodiagnóstico do Estado do Amapá, Primeira Aproximação do ZEE - 3a. Edição/2008 Tabor e M. Steininger. 2004. Estimativas de perda da área do Cerrado brasileiro. Relatório técnico não publicado. Conservação Internacional, Brasília, DF.|