Maranhão Brazil
Flávio Dino de Castro e Costa
Secretário de Estado de Meio Ambiente e Recursos Naturais

The State of Maranhão has surface areas of the order of 331 thousand km², being the eighth largest state in Brazil and the second in the Northeast in territorial extension. The State has 217 municipalities and two Metropolitan Regions: Greater São Luis and Southwest Maranhense. The Maranhão portion of Amazonia Legal covers an area equivalent to 80% of the territorial area of the State, about 264,000 km². In this area are located 188 municipalities of Maranhão.

The State has five Geographical Meso-regions, subdivided into 21 Geographic Microregions, where its 217 municipalities are insertedThe municipal boundaries were established based on IBGE Resolution No. 05 of October 10, 2002. 

Deforestation is concentrated in an area called the 'Deforestation Arc' , passing through Tocantins, part of Pará and Mato Grosso, the entire state of Rondônia, the south of the Amazonas arriving at Acre. According to the Forest Code, the region delimited by the Legal Amazon rules on the use of rural property, as properties within the Legal Amazon are obliged to maintain 80% of the area as
legal reserve in the Amazon Biome and 35% in the Cerrado biome. Those located properties outside the limits of the Legal Amazon need to conserve 20% of the property as reservation.
The territory of Maranhão consists of the biomes Amazônia, Cerrado and Caatinga, which gives it great morphological and environmental diversity. 

Summary

331,937km²
7.7%
+24.9%
2015 - 2016

Demographics

6.95 M
3.4%
Type% 
Urban63.00
Rural36.00
Group% 
Multi-ethnic66.52
White22.13
Black9.69
Other1.13
Indigenous0.54

Economy

BRL67.59 B
BRL509
Type% 
Services69.60
Industry19.00
Agriculture, Forestry11.40
Mining--
0.639
Minério de ferro, alumínio, alumina, soja, ferrogusa

Forest Status

142,597km²
25,400km²
Typekm² 
Other Land Uses141,510
Pastureland56,202
Forest33,946
Secondary Vegetation30,014
Agriculture530
117,197km²
239M MtC
Typekm² 
Protected--
Unprotected--

Large-scale cattle , Large-scale agriculture , Smallholder Agriculture

Sources

1. Site do Maranhão, acessado em 29/11/2016 link
2. IBGE link
3. Plano Estadual do Maranhão link
4. Instituto Maranhense de Estudos Socioeconômicos e Cartográficos link
5. IBGE link
6. Instituto Maranhense de Estudos Socioeconômicos e Cartográficos link
7. IBGE link
8. TerraClass 2014

9. Prodes link