Maranhão Brazil
Flávio Dino de Castro e Costa
Secretário de Estado de Meio Ambiente e Recursos Naturais

The State of Maranhão has surface areas of the order of 331 thousand km², being the eighth largest state in Brazil and the second in the Northeast in territorial extension. The State has 217 municipalities and two Metropolitan Regions: Greater São Luis and Southwest Maranhense. The Maranhão portion of Amazonia Legal covers an area equivalent to 80% of the territorial area of the State, about 264,000 km². In this area are located 188 municipalities of Maranhão.

The State has five geographical meso-regions, subdivided into 21 geographic microregions, where 217 municipalities are located.  The municipal boundaries were established based on IBGE Resolution No. 05 of October 10, 2002. 

Deforestation is concentrated in an area called the 'Deforestation Arc' , passing through Tocantins, part of Pará and Mato Grosso, the entire state of Rondônia, the south of the Amazonas arriving at Acre. According to the Forest Code, the region delimited by the Legal Amazon rules on the use of rural property, as properties within the Legal Amazon are obliged to maintain 80% of the area as legal reserve in the Amazon Biome and 35% in the Cerrado biome. Those located properties outside the limits of the Legal Amazon need to conserve 20% of the property as reservation. The territory of Maranhão consists of the biomes Amazônia, Cerrado and Caatinga bomes, which gives it great biological and environmental diversity. 

Additional information can be found on the GCF Impact Platform.

Summary

331,937km²
11.9%
+1.5%
2016 - 2017

Demographics

7.01 M
3.4%
Type% 
Urban63.00
Rural36.00
Group% 
Multi-ethnic66.52
White22.13
Black9.69
Other1.13
Indigenous0.54

Economy

BRL78.47 B
BRL7,164
Type% 
Services69.60
Industry19.00
Agriculture, Forestry11.40
0.639
Minério de ferro, alumínio, alumina, soja, ferrogusa

Forest Status[a]

142,597km²
39,566km²
103,031km²
239M MtC
Typekm² 
Other Land Uses141,510
Pastureland56,202
Forest33,946
Secondary Vegetation30,014
Agriculture530
Typekm² 

Large-scale livestock, Large-scale agriculture, Smallholder Agriculture

Notes

a.Due to different methodological approaches and base years, Forest Status data fields may differ slightly. Data sources for each field are listed below.

Sources

1.IBGE link
2.IBGE link
3.Plano Estadual do Maranhão link
4.Instituto Maranhense de Estudos Socioeconômicos e Cartográficos link
5.IBGE link
6.Instituto Maranhense de Estudos Socioeconômicos e Cartográficos link
7.IBGE link
8.Prodes link
9.TerraClass 2014