The state of Mato Grosso is located in the Central-West region of Brazil, bordering the states of Pará and Amazonas to the north, Mato Grosso do Sul to the south, Goiás and Tocantins to the East and Rondônia and Bolivia to the West. It is the third largest state in the country by area, with an area of 903,000 square kilometers and a population of three million, two hundred thousand inhabitants. The state territory is composed of three biomes: Pantanal, Cerrado and Amazon. It contains a considerable number of protected areas, divided into 70 indigenous lands, 23 federal conservation units, 46 state conservation units and 35 municipal conservation units. In the three biomes, it is possible to find different types of vegetation, as the plant physiognomy varies from forest fragments to meadows, with great variation in their carbon stocks.
The state of Mato Grosso is one of the main producers of agricultural products in Brazil, including soybeans, corn, beef and cotton. Historically, it recorded high levels of deforestation until 2004, when rates plummeted 93% between that year (11,814 km²) and 2010 (828 km²). Mato Grosso has achieved drastic reductions in deforestation in its territory, which has dropped from 11,814 km2 in 2004 to 1,048 km2 in 2014, a decrease of more than 90% in deforestation in the Amazon biome.
In 2009, the state prepared the Plan for the Prevention and Control of Deforestation and Burning in Mato Grosso (PPCDQ-MT). The Plan establishes an articulated system of action at the state level, with the objective of achieving the goal of voluntary reduction of forest emissions from the state, which coincides with the goal stipulated by the federal government. In addition to reducing deforestation and forest fires, the Plan seeks to intensify the state's sustainable development efforts.
For the 2006-2010 period, set by the State Government as the first period in its Action Plan for Prevention and Control of Deforestation and Burning of the State of Mato Grosso - PPCDQ / MT, the goal was to reduce 64% of deforestation in the forest, and the State achieved a reduction of 68.28%. For the second commitment period, from 2011 to 2015, the target reduction of deforestation was of 75%, and a reduction of 80% was achieved. For the third period, 2016-2020, the target is to reduce deforestation in 80%.
Additional information can be found on the GCF Impact Platform.
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The primary drivers of deforestation in Mato Grosso are cattle ranching and intensive agriculture (in particular soy). Land is often cleared for cattle, with cleared areas later becoming soy farms when cattle ranchers move to new areas for grazing.