Pará Brazil
Simão Robson Oliveira Jatene

The state of Pará is the second largest Brazilian state in size, with the same land areas as Portugal, Spain, Italy, United Kingdom, Belgium, Holland and Denmark combined. It is also is home to the second largest area of remaining forest in the Legal Amazon, with almost 900,000 km² of forests and enormous biodiversity.

Pará is the state that perhaps best synthesizes the various activities that are carried out in the Amazon: extractivism, logging, large scale monoculture, livestock, mining, road opening, hydroelectric. Despite the evolution of economic activities and infrastructure in the forest areas, Pará has been progressively reducing its deforestation rates since 2009.

Part of the success of this reduction is due to public policies launched in the State. Pará has developed its ecological and economic zoning plan (EEZ), an essential environmental management solution for land use planning. In addition, the State also has the Plan for Prevention, Control and Alternatives to Deforestation (PPCAD) which advances the basic premise that Command and Control measures alone are not enough for the State to address deforestation. Only a creation of sustainable economic alternatives is capable of sustaining a reduction of deforestation rates and contributing to the maintenance of forest areas.

Believing that it is possible to grow economically without having to reproduce the historical model of environmental degradation, the State has achieved important objectives within the scope of the Green Municipalities Program.The Green Municipalities Program is a partnerships which seeks to establish an economic model that combines conservation and production in a model of low emissions rural development. Based on the partnership between public agencies, producer groups, and civil society, the Green Municipalities program has become a model of sustainable action that brings improvements in the quality of life of the people of Pará. More recently, in 2017, the state launched the Sustainable Municipalities program which is the realization on-the-ground of "Sustainable Pará".Sustainable Para establishes strategic guidelines in the social scope (Pará Social), environmental (Pará Ambiental) and economic (Pará 2030) to promote sustainable development.

The Government of the State of Pará understands that there is still a long way to go and continuous progress towards regulatory frameworks and public policies for Climate Change and Environmental Services. An example of this is a reopening of the Para Forum of Climate Change, currently undergoing an overhaul.

Additional information can be found on the GCF Impact Platform.


1.25 Mkm²
2016 - 2017


7.58 M


Iron ore, aluminum, copper ore, manganese ore, beef, wood, black pepper, palm

Forest Status[a]

1.25 Mkm²
10,467M MtC
Other Land Uses167,751
Secondary Vegetation63,601

The major drivers of deforestation are cattle ranching, large-scale agriculture, and logging; relatively more minor drivers include mining, urban areas, and infrastructure (e.g., dams). Large cattle ranches account for 60% of all deforestation, whereas smallholder lands account for another 30%. Four percent of deforested area is associated with logging and 3% only is directly associated with professional and high productivity agriculture.

In the last six years, Pará has experienced fluctuations in its rate of deforestation, from 1,741 km² in 2012 to 2,992 km² in 2016. On the other hand, in the year 2017, there was a reduction of 19% (2,413 km²).


a.Due to different methodological approaches and base years, Forest Status data fields may differ slightly. Data sources for each field are listed below.


1.IBGE, 2010 link
2.IBGE, 2010
3.IBGE, 2008
4.PNUD, 2008 PNUD
5.SEDECT, 2010
6.Machado, R.B., M.B. Ramos Neto, P.G.P. Pereira, E.F. Caldas, D.A. Gonçalves, N.S. Santos, K. Tabor e M. Steininger. 2004. Estimativas de perda da área do Cerrado brasileiro. Relatório técnico não publicado. Conservação Internacional, Brasília, DF. link
7.PRODES 2015
8.Prodes link
9.TerraClass 2014