The Government of Rondônia is increasingly committed to prevention and control of deforestation, understanding that the current occupation of the State has already reached the limits established in the Socio-Economic and Ecologic Zoning, requiring urgent measures to promote actions that reduce pressure on protected areas - indigenous lands and conservation - and begin the process of restoring the altered areas of Legal Reserves and Permanent Protection of rural properties.
Rondônia was occupied as a result of the integration policy military government, which intensified in the 1970s and 1980s, implementation of the Integrated Colonization Projects (ICP) and the Directed Settlement Projects (PAD), under the responsibility of the National Agrarian Reform - INCRA. This policy had two objectives: first enable the "modernization of agriculture" in the center-south of the country, mainly for the expansion of soybeans in Paraná, and for beef cattle Minas Gerais and Espírito Santo, expelling thousands of sharecroppers, squatters, lessees, rural workers and small producers who migrated to the agricultural frontier in the Amazon, with Rondônia being an option to life. The second objective was to reduce tensions in the field and maintain social movement of rural workers under state control, hiding misery in the Amazon or in the favelas that widened in the outskirts of big cities. In almost forty years of occupation the population of Rondônia increased from 130,000 inhabitants in 1970 to almost 1,500,000 inhabitants