Caquetá Colombia
Alvaro Pacheco Alvarez
Secretary of Planning

The Department of Caqueta is located in the Andean-Amazon confluence in the south-east of Colombia. Its geographical situation and colonization history have influenced not only its socio-economic development, but the strong deforestation of its tropical forest in recent years. Caquetá has existed as a departmental entity for only 36 years, and for this reason, its public management has been faced with major challenges such as the lack of experience of its leaders, high informality of its economy and a low level of public revenues necessary to carry out investments for its development.'

It has also faced major challenges, limiting the growth and consolidation of solid institutions, such as illicit crops, illegal gold mining, and armed conflict with the FARC. In 2014, Caquetá contributed to 46% of the deforestation of the Amazon in Colombia. Amazonian deforestation was responsible for 45% of all deforestation in the country.  The historical average of deforestation in Colombia from 1990 to 2015 has been 236,612 ha annually, and Caquetá has had an average deforestation rate of 49,000 ha/year. This means in order to meet the country's commitment to zero net deforestation in the Amazon to 2020 and with the reduction of 80% of the deforestation of the Rio Branco Declaration,  the jurisdiction must reduce rates to only 10,000 hectares deforested per year. However, between 2015 and 2016, the rate of deforestation in the Amazon increased by 44% due to the signing of the peace agreements and the vacuum in the control of the territory left by the Guerrillas. However, the transformations that the country has undergone in recent years, especially the commitments it has acquired in international forum to promote the conservation of biodiversity, the fight against climate change, the Sustainable Development Goals, and the signing of the Peace Accords with the FARC have influenced regional public policy and the interest of various actors to contribute to the changes required by the region to reorient its development. As a result, numerous initiatives have emerged, led by different actors, both local and national and international, with diverse but complementary objectives, which, while not constituting a low emission development strategy, contribute to its objectives and are exercises that are already orienting the region in the right direction.

Summary

88,965km²
73.8%
-6.4%
2013 - 2014

Demographics

496,241
--%
Type% 
Urban61.03
Rural38.97
Group% 

Economy

COP--
USD2,919
Type% 
75.200
Bananas and plantains, cassava, sugarcane, rice

Forest Status[a]

71,011km²
65,700km²
5,311km²
538M MtC
Typekm² 
Typekm² 
Unprotected40,510
Protected25,190

Illegal land grabs, extensive Livestock, mining, illicit crops, forest fires, legal and illegal use of wood

Notes

a.Due to different methodological approaches and base years, Forest Status data fields may differ slightly. Data sources for each field are listed below.

Sources

1.IGAC
2.DANE 
3.DANE, Colombia , 2020
4.PNUD, Colombia , 2010
5.Programa: Sistema de Monitoreo de Bosques y Carbono SMBYC, Convenio IDEAM – PATRIMONIO NATURAL– CORPOAMAZONIA 1990-2000
6.IDEAM, Colombia , 2014