East Kalimantan Province has jurisdiction over a land area of 127,346.99 km2 and a marine environment of 25,656 km2. It is the fourth largest province in Indonesia after Papua, Central Kalimantan and West Kalimantan. It was sparsely populated with 3.5 million people; half of which lived in rural villages.
The capital of East Kalimantan is Samarinda on the Mahakam River with 1,000 km of length. East Kalimantan comprises of lakes and rivers serving as transport corridors. The longest rivers in the province were Berau River in Berau District and Kendilo River in Paser District. The lakes and rivers shaped the socioeconomic and culture of East Kalimantan people. Two biggest cities in the East Kalimantan are Samarinda and Balikpapan.
East Kalimantan was rich in natural resources with forest and mineral resources, such as oil, gas, coal, gold and other mineral deposit.East Kalimantan tropical rainforests contained a variety of flora and fauna. The size of East Kalimantan forest was 6.8 million hectares consisting of conservation forest (including Kutai National Park), protection and production forest. In addition, East Kalimantan also contained important ecosystems, such as mangroves and karst. Mahakam River Delta is the largest river delta in East Kalimantan dominated by mangrove, nipa palm and pandanus. Sangkulirang-Mangkalihat karst ecosystem is the largest karst ecosystem spanning from Berau to East Kutai Districts with the size of approximately 1.8 million hectares. Sangkulirang-Mangkalihat is an important ecosystem for the maintenance of water reservoir in Berau and East Kutai Districts. It also provides habitat for various species, particularly for orangutan which is currently considered as critically endangered species. The caves within the karst ecosystem contained pre-historic artifacts of high archaeological and cultural values for East Kalimantan people and Indonesia.
East Kalimantan faces serious challenges related to deforestation and forest degradation due to encroachment, illegal logging and mining. To deal with those challenges, as early as 2009, East Kalimantan formulated and declared its commitment for Green East Kalimantan. This was followed by several key initiatives, including efforts to replant and rehabilitate degraded areas through the ‘one man five trees’ program (2010) and declared a moratorium of new licenses of coal mining, palm oil and forest logging (2012). In 2014, East Kalimantan Province was a key signatory of the Rio Branco Declaration. Governor Awang Faroek Ishak has played an important leadership role in the Governor’s Climate and Forests Task Force (GCF), including chairing the GCF for period of 2016-2017 and hosting the 2017 GCF Annual Meeting in Balikpapan.
East Kalimantan has identified drivers of deforestation and forest degradation, set an emission reduction target, and developed a set of strategies to achieve the target. These activities have been reflected in a number of official documents including: the Five-year Development Plans (2008-2013 and 2013-2018), the Provincial Action Plan for Reducing Emission from Deforestation and Forest Degradation (2012, updated in 2015), the Environmentally Sustainable Development Strategy (2011), the Provincial Action Plan for Reducing Greenhouse Gases (2013; updated in 2018), the Green Economy Master Plan (2015), and the Climate Change Master Plan (2017). More recently, when the Government of Indonesia selected East Kalimantan as the jurisdiction to participate in the Forest Carbon Partnership Facilities (FCPF), East Kalimantan re-assessed the sources of carbon emissions, updated its emission reduction strategies and activities, and formulated them in the FCPF Emission Reduction Project Document (ERPD).
East Kalimantan Government has been implementing some of those emission reduction strategies but they faced challenges as the financial resources have been limited despite the contribution from the different donor agencies, local and international NGOs. In dealing with this challenge, the East Kalimantan Government led the development of the Green Growth Compact in 2015 as the way to engage broader stakeholders and to enhance resource sharing. The progress has been promising so far. A total of eight public-private-people partnerships have been forged and more partnerships are underway. East Kalimantan nevertheless still needs to identify new funding opportunities to get the emission reduction strategies implemented effectively.
Additional information can found on the GCF Impact Platform.
|Mining & Quarrying||44.91|
|Agriculture, Livestock, Forestry & Fisheries||7.62|
|Trade, Hotel & Restaurant||5.06|
|Transport & Communication||3.47|
|Secondary Dryland Forests||40,181|
|Primary Dry Forest||21,902|
|Secondary Mangrove Forest||1,307|
|Secondary Swamp Forest||1,111|
|Primary Mangrove Forest||363|
|Primary Swamp Forest||227|
|Limited Production Forest||29,337|
|Non-Forest Area - Others||10,380|
|Conversion Production Forest||1,213|
|Non-Forest Area - Estate crops||329|
1. Overharvesting and illegal logging
2. Forest encroachment for slash-and-burn agriculture and other forms of agriculture
3. Land clearing for coal mining
4. Forest fires
5. Expansion of monoculture timber plantation, expansion of large scale agriculture (particularly oil palm)
|1.||BPS - Statistics Indonesia, 2010|
|2.||Statistics Bureau, East Kalimantan in number, 2017|
|3.||BPS,Kaltim dalam angka 2012|
|4.||East Kalimantan Work Plan 2017, East Kalimantan Planning Agency|
|5.||Kaltim dalam angka, BPS 2012|
|7.||Ministry of Environment and Forestry 2018|
|8.||Strategi dan Rencana Aksi (SRAP) implementasi REDD+ Kaltim hal 57-72|