North Kalimantan Indonesia
Dr. H. Irianto Lambrie
Provincial Secretary of North Kalimantan
Head of Provincial Environment Agency

The establishment through Law No. 20 of 2012 dated November 16, 2012, the province of North Kalimantan is the youngest and the northernmost province in Kalimantan, which has a land area of 75,467.70 km2 and a population of 666,333.  The province has one large city (Tarakan) and is divided into four districts: Nunukan, Malinau, Tana Tidung and Bulungan.   The province has a population growth rate of 3.8% and population density of 8.83 persons / km2 (BPS Katara, 2017). The capital of North Kalimantan Province is located in Tanjung Selor, in Bulungan District.

North Kalimantan Province lies in a position between 114ᵒ35'22 "- 118ᵒ03'00" East Longitude and between 1ᵒ21'36 "- 4ᵒ24'55" North Latitude. Administratively, the province of North Kalimantan is bordered to the North by Malaysia (Sabah), to the east by the Sulawesi sea, to the south by East Kalimantan province,  and the west by Malaysia (Sarawak).

Geographicall the province of North Borneo is strategically located along one of Indonesia's major shipping routes, linking with maritime routes to  Malaysia, the Philippines, Brunei Darussalam, Singapore and other Asia Pacific countries. This strategic location gives the province opportunities to develop economically through export-import activities with other countries in the region. 

Land use in North Kalimantan Province is dominated by forests, with an area of 6,440,254 ha or about 90.06% of the total area. The agricultural area is spread around 1.55% or 110,751 ha from the total area. State forest land use dominates across districts, but most are in the Malinau District. The geographical condition of the province, which is dominated by mountains and hills with a steep slope, is mostly used as a protected forest. The use of settlement land is only 19,090 Ha or 0.27% of the total area of the province, with the highest settlement land in Nunukan District. 

Forests have three main functions, namely protection functions, conservation, and production functions. State forests are set by the government through Law no. 41 of 1999 on Forestry based on the three main functions as Hutan Lindung (HL), Conservation Forest (HK) which is divided into Natural Conservation Area (KSA) and Nature Conservation Area (KPA), and Production Forest which is divided into Permanent Production Forest ), Limited Production Forest (HPT), and Conversion Production Forest (HPK).

More information can be found on the GCF Impact Platform.

Summary

68,996km²
85.4%
-33.7%
2016 - 2017

Demographics

666,333
0.3%
Category% 
Rural69.20
Urban30.80
Group% 
Javanese35.00
Bugis23.00
Dayak17.00
Banjarese14.00
Kutai9.00
Other2.00

Economy

IDR77.04 T
IDR115.62 M
Category% 
Trade, Hotel & Restaurant27.00
Transport & Communication13.40
Construction13.20
Agriculture, Livestock, Forestry & Fisheries12.20
Mining & Quarrying11.59
Processing Industry11.40
Services11.21
0.747
Mining, manufactured goods, and commodities

Forest Status[a]

65,935km²
58,900km²
7,035km²
873M MtC
Categorykm² 
Primary Dry Forest40,466
Secondary Dryland Forests16,466
Secondary Swamp Forest2,627
Agriculture Dry land mixed2,260
Shrubs1,893
Secondary Mangrove Forest1,579
Tambak1,335
Rice fields171
Plantation98
Swamp74
Settlement51
Primary Swamp Forest13
Categorykm² 
Limited Production Forest22,726
Non-Forest Area - Others13,639
Protected forest10,652
Production Forest10,512
Convertible production forest535

There are a diversity of drivers of deforestation in N Kalimantan, the majority of which are caused by human activities. Deforestation is widely caused by land conversion either for settlements or plantations. Often the clearing forested land is related to the development of plantation industry, mining, traditional farming by the community etc. Based on research (Cifor, The 3rd Asia-Pacific Rainforest Summit Live 2016)  the leading cause of deforestation is the development of plantation industry and forest and land fires.

Notes

a.Due to different methodological approaches and base years, Forest Status data fields may differ slightly. Data sources for each field are listed below.

Sources

1.BPS 2017
2.1973
3.Ministry of Environment and Forestry 2018
4.Draft RPJMD Provinsi Kalimantan Utara tahun 2016-2021
5.Draft RPJMD Provinsi Kalimantan Utara 2016-2021
6.Cifor, The 3rd Asia-Pacific Rainforest Summit Live 2016