Papua Indonesia
Lukas Enembe S.IP, MH
Executive Secretary of Papua Low Carbon Development Task Force
Head of Environment Agency

Papua province, with a total forest area of 29,368,482 ha is rich in endemic species and ecosystem diversity. The 2012 data from the Provincial Forest and Conservation Office of Papua statistics showed that during the period of 2003-2006 the annual deforestation rate was at 68,695 ha (17,174 ha/year) and the annual forest degradation rate was at 594,661 ha (148,665 ha/year). During the period of 2006-2009 the deforestation rate soared to 728,416 ha (182,104 ha/year) while the degradation rate increased to 645,684 ha (161,421 ha/year). Deforestation and forest degradation rates continue to grow in the face of land conversion or illegal forest encroachment. Deforestation and forest degradation contribute significantly to the provinces emissions of greenhouse gases.
Papua, as one of the forested provinces in Indonesia, has been explicitly incorporated into a national plan to address emissions reductions, and is advancing efforts through the Task Force for Carbon Low Carbon Development. The Task Force for Carbon Low Carbon Development was established based on the notion that policy and institutional instruments should be prepared from an early stage to create and realize sustainable low-carbon economic development. 

More information can be found on the GCF Impact Platform.

Summary

319,036km²
81.6%
+191.0%
2016 - 2017

Demographics

2.93 M
1.2%
Type% 
Rural90.99
Urban9.01
Group% 

Economy

IDR191.60 T
IDR58.71 M
Type% 
Mining & Quarrying52.72
Agriculture, Livestock, Forestry & Fisheries11.72
Construction10.66
Services8.42
Trade, Hotel & Restaurant5.94
Transport & Communication5.76
Processing Industry1.86
64.940
Raw materials, food & livestock, machinery and equipment

Forest Status

270,325km²
260,200km²
10,125km²
3,758M MtC
Typekm² 
Typekm² 

Papua's Strategic REDD+ Action plan identified deforestation in different categories of forest: 77,051.14 ha/year in Production Forests, 29,853.24 ha/year in Limited Production Forests,27,864 ha/year in Converted Production Forests, 13,502.08 ha/year in Protected Forests, and 10,661.40 ha/year in Reserves/Conservation Areas. 

While it is normal that forest degradation occurs in production forests as they are designated to produce timber, the data also show massive forest encroachment in protected forests and conservation areas. The overlay with the map of conservation areas in the province shows conservation areas with the highest rate of degradation is Mamberamo Foja Reserve and Lorentz National Park that see average annual deforestation rates of 7,218.05 ha/year and 1,525.93 ha/year respectively. This proves that designating a given area as a conservation area does not limit accessibility to performing illegal logging in the area.  Increasing demand for wood to support the development of public facilities and settlements due to establishment of new districts/villages is one of the drivers for the massive deforestation. In addition, easier access to areas that used to be isolated also contributes to the massive deforestation.

In Papua, deforestation only contributes 12.6% to net emission, while forest degradation contributes 64.1%. This shows that actions to prevent forest degradation must be given priority.

Sources

1.Strategic Action Plan for REDD (SRAP) 2014
2.Data tahun 2011, Papua dalam Angka 2012, BPS, h.81
3.Data tahun 2011, Papua dalam Angka 2012, BPS, h.91
4.Sensus Penduduk BPS Papua 2010 link
5.Data tahun 2011, Papua dalam Angka 2012, BPS, h.585
6.Data tahun 2011, Papua dalam Angka 2012, BPS, h.595
7.Data tahun 2011, Papua dalam Angka 2012, BPS, h.616
8.1. RTRWP/SRAP 2. Papua dalam Angka 2012, BPS, h.379
9.Tutupan hutan tahun 2003, Buku Statistik Kehutanan 2012, Tabel 2.2, h.23
10.Ministry of Environment and Forestry 2018
11.SRAP REDD+ Papua 2014