West Papua (Papua Barat) covers the two western peninsulas of the island of New Guinea. Its capital is Manokwari, although the largest city is Sorong, and the 2010 census recorded a population of 760,855. West Papua is one of the provinces in Indonesia located in the western part of the island of Papua with a population of about 1.1 million inhabitants. The total area of approximately 10.0 million hectares where 10.0 million hectares of forest and 1.0 million hectares is peatland
With the forest covering 90% of the total area of the province, West Papua has some of the most pristine primary forests in Indonesia. The type of vegetation of West Papua Province consists of (1) Primary Dryland Forest, (2) Secondary Dryland Forest, (3) Primary Mangrove Forest, (4) Secondary Mangrove Forest, 5) Primary Swamp forests, and (6) Secondary Swamp Forests. For 5 years (2006-2011), degradation rates reached nearly 600 thousand hectares. The calculation of above ground carbon stock in 2009 amounted to 1,514.79 million tons and was conducted using the Tier-1 methodology based on the IPCC.
The strategic issues raised in the SRAP document (Provincial Strategy and Action Plan) include (1) provincial conservation policies; (2) Accelerating establishment and operation of forest management units (KPH); (3) Addressing uncertainty of customary law community rights; (4) Implementation of community-based forest management paradigm; and (5) The policy of limiting the sale of logs to outside West Papua.
The objectives of the implementation of the REDD+ Strategy and Action Plan in West Papua Province are (1) Reduce degradation and deforestation due to conversion of forest land and forest area functions; (2) Increasing efforts to rehabilitate degraded land and development of community plantations; and (3) Improving forest and land governance and management through the implementation of development of Forest Management Units (KPH).