West Papua Indonesia
Abraham Octavianus Atururi

West Papua (Papua Barat) covers the two western peninsulas of the island of New Guinea. Its capital is Manokwari, although the largest city is Sorong, and the 2010 census recorded a population of 760,855. West Papua is one of the provinces in Indonesia located in the western part of the island of Papua with a population of about 1.1 million inhabitants. The total area of approximately 10.0 million hectares where 10.0 million hectares of forest and 1.0 million hectares is peatland

With the forest covering 90% of the total area of the province, West Papua has some of the most pristine primary forests in Indonesia.  The type of vegetation of West Papua Province consists of (1) Primary Dryland Forest, (2) Secondary Dryland Forest, (3) Primary Mangrove Forest, (4) Secondary Mangrove Forest, 5) Primary Swamp forests, and (6) Secondary Swamp Forests. For 5 years (2006-2011), degradation rates reached nearly 600 thousand hectares. The calculation of above ground carbon stock in 2009 amounted to 1,514.79 million tons and was conducted using the Tier-1 methodology based on the IPCC.
The strategic issues raised in the SRAP document (Provincial Strategy and Action Plan) include (1) provincial conservation policies; (2) Accelerating establishment and operation of forest management units (KPH); (3) Addressing uncertainty of customary law community rights; (4) Implementation of community-based forest management paradigm; and (5) The policy of limiting the sale of logs to outside West Papua.
The objectives of the implementation of the  REDD+ Strategy and Action Plan in West Papua Province are (1) Reduce degradation and deforestation due to conversion of forest land and forest area functions; (2) Increasing efforts to rehabilitate degraded land and development of community plantations; and (3) Improving forest and land governance and management through the implementation of development of Forest Management Units (KPH).

Summary

97,024km²
93.3%
+0.0%
2014 - 2015

Demographics

871,510
0.4%
Type% 
Rural74.70
Urban25.30
Group% 
Multi-ethnic--
White--
Black--
Indigenous--
Other--

Economy

IDR--
USD5,967
Type% 
Processing Industry28.76
Mining & Quarrying19.49
Construction13.95
Agriculture, Livestock, Forestry & Fisheries10.82
Trade, Hotel & Restaurant6.73
Services4.83
Transport & Communication4.12
70.620
Oil and gas, fish, shrimp, jewelery, wood, metals, cacao

Forest Status

91,561km²
90,500km²
Typekm² 
Upland Dense Humid Forest0
Floodplain Forest0
Upland/Transition Dry Forest0
Savannah0
Woodlands0
Peat Forest0
Wetlands0
Mangroves0
1,061km²
1,323M MtC
Typekm² 
Unprotected Forest Area--
Conserved Forest Area--
Fully Protected Forest Area--
Sustainably Managed Forest Area--
  1. Extractive activity of mining industry
  2. Plantations
  3. Infrastructure development
  4. Illegal logging and logging concession activity

Sources

1. Sekilas Papua Barat link
2. Papua Barat Dalam Angka 2015
3. Papua Barat Dalam Angka 2012, hal. 88, BPS Papua Barat
4. Papua Barat Dalam Angka 2012, hal. 552, BPS Papua Barat
5. BPS - Statistics Indonesia ,
2016
6. West Papua in Number 2015, West Papua Statistic Central Bureau
7. Central Statistic Bureau, Analyzed from SUSENAS 2011-2013
8. Official Statistic Announcement, West Papua Central Statistic Bureau
9. Potret Keadaan Hutan Indonesia 2000-2009 oleh Forest Watch Indonesia