The territory of the state of Campeche has an area of 56,859 km2, of which 76.2% is still a mosaic of forests in relatively good condition. The state has the largest mangrove area (197,000 ha) in Mexico, equivalent to 30% of the national total. These forests and mangroves have the highest carbon storage capacity, greater than 100 MgCl / ha (Government of the State of Campeche, 2012b). Campeche has the largest protected area (2,278,765.59 ha) through Protected Natural Areas (ANP) in the Yucatan Peninsula, representing 40% of the state's surface. The good state of conservation and connectivity of the states of Campeche, Yucatan and Quintana Roo, with the forests of Guatemala and Belize in Central America, make the forests of Campeche one of the survival areas of threatened and endangered species with special requirements such as felines (jaguar and puma), or ones that perform local "migrations" (such as birds or butterflies). Recent studies in Mexico infer that the forests of Campeche probably maintain the largest populations of species such as the jaguar (Panthera onca), the tapir (Tapirus bairdii), the white-lipped peccary (Tayassu pecari), the howler monkey (Alouatta spp), the spider monkey (Ateles geoffroyi), the elegant eagle (Spizaetus ornatus ), the king vulture (Sarcoramphus papa), the ocellated turkey (Meleagris ocellata ) and snout (Craxrubra) (Government of the State of Campeche, 2012b).
Most of the territory of Campeche is characterized by a subhumid climate and a dense tropical forest. There is also a lowland region with lakes and rivers. The "milpa" system, which predominates in the state, requires a deep understanding of specific ecological systems, including the cycles of several plants and the rain cycle, as well as the fallow period required by their soils. Hunting and gathering are complementary subsistence activities. Local natural resources are used as materials to build houses and for energy needs. Together, these activities, along with forestry and livestock activities, have had a devastating impact on tropical forests, and attempts are being made to reverse the impact through sustainable development programs focused on reforestation and wildlife management. The State of Campeche faces a great challenge in the face of the potential effects of climate change and the phenomena of deforestation and forest degradation. The preservation policy has led to the creation of several protected areas, including the Calakmul Biosphere Reserve, notable for the number of indigenous migrants living within the 723,185 hectares of forest in the reserve and also for plans to develop opportunities for Ecological and archaeological tourism.
More information can be fond on the GCF Impact Platform.