Chiapas is the eighth largest state in Mexico, with an area of 73,282 km², which represents 3.8% of Mexico's total area. It has a rich biodiversity with cloud forests, temperate, natural and induced grasslands, humid tropical and sub-humid areas and tropical rainforest (INEGI, 2010). These different types of forests cover 42% of the total area of the state (PACCCH, 2011). As a result, 30% of Mexico's surface water is found in Chiapas. It also has 47 Natural Protected Areas covering 19.8% of the total surface area of the state (SEMAHN, 2010).
In 2009, the state government launched the Climate Change Action Program for the State of Chiapas (PACCCH), with the participation of many local and national actors. PACCCH generated an analysis of deforestation and forest degradation in the state and created projections for the future, as well as a state inventory of greenhouse gases. The institutional and legal framework for mitigation and adaptation to climate change was created through the publication of the Law on Adaptation to Climate Change and Mitigation that established the State Commission on Climate Change, a group of 15 state government agencies with responsibility for implementation. In a sense, the development and implementation of adaptation and mitigation policies is a result of the participation of many organized civil society actors.
The REDD + Technical Advisory Council (CTC REDD + CH), officially established in 2011, is currently working with the Ministry of the Environment on regulations for climate change and the development of the state REDD+ strategy, with input from civil society organizations, Federal agencies, and academic institutions in Chiapas. The objective is to issue a state REDD+ strategy in 2013, and a regional REDD+ strategy by 2015. The state is working to align its efforts with the National Vision for REDD+ and the National REDD+ Strategy, in that regard, attend meetings with the Technical Council REDD+ National Consultative and align efforts on issues of: safeguards, goals and processes, Monitoring, Reporting and Verification, and institutional and legal frameworks.
Additional information can be found on the GCF Impact Platform.
|Conifer Forest Primary||4,379|
|Primary Mesophytic Forest||4,309|
|Secondary Perennial Forest||3,409|
|Secondary Mesophytic Foresty||1,823|
|Primary Encino Forest||1,328|
|Secondary Encino Forest||999|
|Secondary Sub-deciduous Forest||160|
|Secondary Sub-deciduous Jungle||--|
Changes in land use is caused by conversion to grazing pastures and to agriculture,. Other factors contributing to deforestation (from the regression analysis in PACCCH, 2011) include: population density, distance to roads, distance to cities / towns, distances from agricultural or livestock areas, and gradients of slope.