Chiapas Mexico
Manuel Velasco Coello
Secretary of Environment and Natural History
Director of Climate Change

Chiapas is the eighth largest state in Mexico, with an area of 73,282 km², which represents 3.8% of Mexico's total area. It has a rich biodiversity with cloud forests, temperate, natural and induced grasslands, humid tropical and sub-humid areas and tropical rainforest (INEGI, 2010). These different types of forests cover 42% of the total area of the state (PACCCH, 2011). As a result, 30% of Mexico's surface water is found in Chiapas. It also has 47 Natural Protected Areas covering 19.8% of the total surface area of the state (SEMAHN, 2010). 

In 2009, the state government launched the Climate Change Action Program for the State of Chiapas (PACCCH), with the participation of many local and national actors. PACCCH generated an analysis of deforestation and forest degradation in the state and created projections for the future, as well as a state inventory of greenhouse gases. The institutional and legal framework for mitigation and adaptation to climate change was created through the publication of the Law on Adaptation to Climate Change and Mitigation that established the State Commission on Climate Change, a group of 15 state government agencies with responsibility for implementation. In a sense, the development and implementation of adaptation and mitigation policies is a result of the participation of many organized civil society actors. 

The REDD + Technical Advisory Council (CTC REDD + CH), officially established in 2011, is currently working with the Ministry of the Environment on regulations for climate change and the development of the state REDD+ strategy, with input from civil society organizations, Federal agencies, and academic institutions in Chiapas. The objective is to issue a state REDD+ strategy in 2013, and a regional REDD+ strategy by 2015. The state is working to align its efforts with the National Vision for REDD+ and the National REDD+ Strategy, in that regard, attend meetings with the Technical Council REDD+ National Consultative and align efforts on issues of: safeguards, goals and processes, Monitoring, Reporting and Verification, and institutional and legal frameworks

Summary

73,289km²
44.8%
+0.0%
2010 - 2011

Demographics

4.80 M
4.3%
Type% 
Rural52.00
Urban48.00
Group% 
Mestizo77.41
Tzeltal9.00
Tzotzil8.20
Chol3.80
Zoque1.10
Tojolabales1.06
Others0.50

Economy

MXN281,612
MXN32,900
Type% 
Services78.00
Industry, Mining13.00
Agriculture, Forestry9.00
0.647
real estate, agriculture, forestry, industry, mining, construction

Forest Status

47,047km²
32,817km²
Typekm² 
Primary Perrenial12,303
Conifer Forest Primary4,379
Primary Mesophytic Forest4,309
Secondary Perennial Forest3,409
Secondary Deciduous2,238
Secondary Mesophytic Foresty1,823
Primary Encino Forest1,328
Secondary Encino Forest999
Primary Deciduous869
Secondary Coniferous355
Secondary Sub-deciduous Forest160
Secondary Sub-deciduous Jungle--
14,230km²
232M MtC
Typekm² 
Ejido27,677
Protected Area10,521
Other--

Changes in land use is caused by conversion to grazing pastures and to agriculture,. Other factors contributing to deforestation (from the regression analysis in PACCCH, 2011) include: population density, distance to roads, distance to cities / towns, distances from agricultural or livestock areas, and gradients of slope.

Sources

1. Mexico FREL link
2. INEGI, 2013. Volumen y crecimiento. Población total por entidad federativa, 1895 a 2010 link
3. INEGI, 2011. Pespectiva estadistica Chiapas link
4. INEGI, 2011, Perspectiva estadistica Chiapas link
5. NEGI; 2012 y 2013, estimación de la Secretaria de Hacienda del estado de Chiapas con base a cifras proyectadas al nacional. Millones de Pesos. link
6. Calculated using values derived from: Anuario estadístico. Chiapas, Edición: 2012, Cobertura temporal: 2011, Desglose geográfico: Municipal, ISSN: 0188-8587 Formato: Electrónico
7. Anuario estadístico. Chiapas, Edición: 2012, Cobertura temporal: 2011, Desglose geográfico: Municipal, ISSN: 0188-8587 Formato: Electrónico
8. Programa de las Naciones Unidas para el Desarrollo (PNUD, 2010): El Indice de Desarrollo Humano en México: cambios metodológicos e información para las entidades federativas link
9. https://www.forestcarbonpartnership.org/sites/fcp/files/2016/Oct/Anexo%202.%20Informaci%C3%B3n%20de%20las%20condiciones%20ambientales.pdf; Comisin Nacional de reas
Naturales Protegidas
10. INEGI/FCPF FREL