Jalisco Mexico
Jorge Aristóteles Sandoval Díaz
Secretario de Medio Ambiente y Desarrollo Territorial
Director of Forest Production and Productivity

Jalisco has a population of 7,844,830 inhabitants and is one of the States with the largest population in Mexico, reaching 6.5% of the country's total. The population growth in recent years, coupled with economic and urban growth, has put strong pressure on natural resources. Given this, the maintenance of forests in the State, which cover 53% of the surface and 4,155,948 hectares, is very important. 

Therefore, for the purpose of establishing an integrated land management model, a model of local governance has been proposed in Jalisco that contributes to sustainable rural development for the implementation of the REDD + State Strategy, in order to reduce emissions by deforestation and degradation. This model of governance is that of the Intermunicipal Environment Boards (JIMA), which is based on the association of municipalities. The JIMA seeks to decentralize environmental policy and function as a public body to have a positive impact on the territory of the municipalities that comprise them.

Additional information can be found on the GCF Impact Platform.

Summary

78,012km²
53.3%
+0.0%
2010 - 2011

Demographics

7.84 M
7.0%
Type% 
Urban87.00
Rural13.00
Group% 
Black0.77
Indigenous0.72

Economy

MXN11.06 M
MXN166,908
Type% 
Services63.20
Industry, Mining30.40
Agriculture, Forestry6.40
0.751
Computer equipment, communication, measurement and other electronic equipment, components and accessories.

Forest Status

46,780km²
41,559km²
5,221km²
87M MtC
Typekm² 
Secondary Deciduous9,404
Primary Encino Forest8,206
Conifer Forest Primary7,105
Secondary Encino Forest5,925
Primary Deciduous5,216
Secondary Coniferous2,204
Secondary Sub-deciduous Jungle1,590
Secondary Sub-deciduous Forest1,283
Primary Mesophytic Forest346
Secondary Mesophytic Foresty76
Typekm² 
Ejido16,482
Protected Area1,451

There are two driving groups of deforestation in the State of Jalisco; indirect and direct drivers. 

Direct drivers include extensive cattle raising with the use of induced cultivated pastures resulting in changes in land use due to livestock expansion, livestock productions systems that are not adapted to agro-ecological conditions, overgrazing, and increased food demand. Another direct driver is agricultural land conversion for economic income resulting in the conversion of crops from seasonal maize, low deciduous forest, and oak to agave cultivation and the establishment and expansion of avocado cultivation because of the high profitability. The final direct driver of deforestation is urban growth due to tourism development resulting in an increase in tourist development in coastal areas and the occupation of agricultural lands for tourism developments.

Indirect drivers include lack of employment and boost to the local economy, poorly planned growth infrastructure in urban areas, scarce surveillance in forest areas, inadequate follow-up to contrary public policies and programs, and dysfunctionality of governance mechanisms and lack of community organization.

Sources

1.Mexico FREL link
2.México en Cifras. INEGI link
3.México en Cifras. INEGI link
4.INEGI. 2014. PIB Entidad Federativa Anual. link
5.CESJAL. 2014. Informe Socioeconómico del Estado de Jalisco 2014. link
6.UNDP. 2012. El Índice de Desarrollo Humano en México: cambios metodológicos e información para las entidades federativas. link
7.INEGI. 2015. Anuario Estadístico de Jalisco. link
8.CONAFOR 2014
9.CONAFOR. 2016. Borrador de Iniciativa de Reducción de Emisiones.
10.https://www.forestcarbonpartnership.org/sites/fcp/files/2016/Oct/Anexo%202.%20Informaci%C3%B3n%20de%20las%20condiciones%20ambientales.pdf
11.OSSE; CONAYCT
12.CONAFOR. 2016. Borrador de Iniciativa de Reducción de Emisiones. link