Tabasco us located in the southeast region of the country, bounded on the north by the Gulf of Mexico (Atlantic Ocean), on the east by Campeche on the southeast by Guatemala, on the south by Chiapas and on the west by Veracruz. According to the Political Constitution of Tabasco, the state is integrated by 17 municipalities, divided into two major regions and five subregions according to their geographical characteristics. In terms of area, Huimanguillo is the largest municipality and Paradise , the smallest; whereas according to the number of inhabitants, the most populated municipality is Centro and the least populated is Emiliano Zapata.
The state of Tabasco represents 1.26% of the country's area. By 2015, the state of Tabasco is divided into 17 municipalities. The 95.5% of the surface of the state presents warm humid climate, the remaining 4.5% is subhumid climate toward the eastern part of the state. The average state rainfall is 2 550 mm annually, rainfall occurs throughout the year, being more abundant in the months of June to October.
The hot humid climate favors the cultivation of banana, papaya, orange, lemon, coconut, cocoa, rice, maize and pepper, among others. The state of Tabasco has a large area of natural pastures, which favors the exploitation of cattle through the system of free grazing or extensive livestock. Due to its hardiness and tolerance to high temperatures, Zebu cattle are best adapted to the tropical climate of the state. Raising cattle is mainly aimed at obtaining meat, although there is also an important dairy production in the state.
|Conifer Forest Primary||--|
|Primary Encino Forest||--|
|Primary Mesophytic Forest||--|
|Secondary Sub-deciduous Forest||--|
|Secondary Encino Forest||--|
|Secondary Mesophytic Foresty||--|
|Secondary Perennial Forest||--|
|Secondary Sub-deciduous Jungle||--|
Direct causes include:
1. Increased infrastructure
2.Expansion of the agricultural frontier
3 .Extraction of wood
Indirect causes include:
1. Colonization - Land occupation projects in southern Mexico, by peasants from north and central Mexico in the 1950s.
2. Demographic / migration