Yucatán Mexico
Rolando Rodrigo Zapata Bello
Director de Planeación y Políticas para la Sustentabilidad

Yucatán is a state located in the southeast region of Mexico, in what is known as the Yucatan Peninsula. Its territory has an area of 39,583 km2, which represents 2.02% of the nation. The predominant climate is warm subhumid with rain in summer, the average annual temperature is 26° C with an average maximum of 36° C and an average minimum of 16° C. It has a privileged geographical location between the Gulf of Mexico and the Caribbean Sea, which gives it great environmental and biological heterogeneity, which is reflected in the richness of its natural resources and biodiversity. About 26.09% of its territory (10,333.0016 km2) is under protected status.

In the socio-cultural sphere, the State has a strong influence from the Mayan culture, observed not only in the numerous archaeological vestiges, but also in the roots of local customs and traditions; and the presence of a considerable indigenous population. The economy of Yucatan is mainly based on the tertiary sector of trade which is the greatest contribution to the Gross Domestic Product (GDP) of the State, followed to a lesser degree by the industrial and construction sector; and the primary sector (agriculture and livestock).

More information can be found on the GCF Impact Platform.


2010 - 2011


2.10 M


MXN279.51 B
Industry, Mining23.50
Agriculture, Forestry10.90
The Yucatan products that have the highest demand according to SAGARPA are watermelon, cucumber, lemon and beef.

Forest Status

71M MtC
Primary Deciduous6,358
Secondary Sub-deciduous Jungle4,024
Secondary Deciduous2,052
Primary Perrenial629
Secondary Perennial Forest306
Protected Area6,319

Yucatán ranks sixth nationally among the states with the most deforestation. In the last 24 years, it has lost approximately 30% of its vegetation cover. According to the information provided by recent studies conducted in the territory, the main causes of deforestation are associated with the growth of agricultural activities, where livestock contributes between 47 and 51% of the loss of plant cover, followed by rainfed agriculture with 33 to 36% and to a lesser extent mechanized agricultural expansion, forest fires, fruit expansion, human settlements, the expansion of road infrastructure, and agro-industry.

The loss of 2,849.5804 km2 of forests from 2005-2013, has had a high cost in ecological terms as well as economic and social profitability.

It is important to highlight that the causes of deforestation do not impact the State equally, since there is a spatial variation between regions as can be observed in the northeast of Yucatan where the predominant productive activity is livestock, compared to the Oriente region where the predominant activity is small-scale commercial agriculture and subsistence agriculture. This differentiation can be attributed to socioeconomic factors that have historically favored the prevalence of certain productive activities.


1.Conociendo Yucatán Quinta Edición, INEGI 2016.
2.Mexico FREL link
3.Panorama sociodemográfico de México,INEGI 2015. link
4.FUENTE: INEGI. Censo de Población y Vivienda 2010.
5.Secretaría de Economía (2016). Consulta documento en línea:
6.INEGI, 2015. Panorama sociodemográfico de Yucatán. Encuesta Intercensal 2015. 228 pp.
7.Yucatán, Informe PROMEXICO Inversión y Comercio, Secretaría de Economía, 2016.
8.Índice de Desarrollo Humano para las entidades federativas, México 2015. PNUD,2015.
9.Oportunidades de mercado para Yucatán 2009. SAGARPA,2009.
10.CONAFOR 2014
12.Elaboración propia con datos de la carta de uso de suelo y vegetación (INEGI, 2016). Homologado a los tipos de vegetación dispuestos en la tabla N°52 (categorías que se incluyen en tierras forestales) del documento de la Iniciativa de Reducción de Emisiones (IRE, 2016).