Yucatán Mexico
Rolando Rodrigo Zapata Bello
Director de Planeación y Políticas para la Sustentabilidad

Yucatan terletak di sebelah tenggara Meksiko, dengan garis pantai yang membentang lebih dari 340 km, mewakili 3,1% dari total nasional. Ini terdiri dari 106 kotamadya. 42% penduduk dari entitas tersebut tinggal di ibu kota, Mérida. Hampir 90% negara dilantik oleh iklim hangat subhumid dengan hujan di musim panas. Sisa negara sangat ditandai dengan iklim semi kering yang hangat. Suhu tahunan rata-rata adalah 26 ° C dengan curah hujan tahunan rata-rata 902 mm, yang terjadi terutama di musim panas. Yucatan adalah rumah bagi hutan lembayat Yucatán, yang merupakan biotek biak broadleaf subtropis lembab.

Informasi lebih lanjut dapat ditemukan di   Platform Dampak GCF.

Ringkasan

39,189km²
65.0%
+0.0%
2014 - 2015

Demografi

2.10 M
1.9%
Kategori% 
Urban61.50
Pedesaan38.50
Kelompok% 

Ekonomi

MXN279.51 B
MXN109,970
Kategori% 
Jasa64.30
Industri, Pertambangan23.50
Pertanian, Kehutanan10.90
0.739
The Yucatan products that have the highest demand according to SAGARPA are watermelon, cucumber, lemon and beef.

Status Hutan[a]

33,441km²
25,475km²
7,966km²
71M MtC
Kategorikm² 
Dasar surut6,358
Hutan Sub-deciduous Sekunder4,024
Secondary Deciduous2,052
Perrenial Primer629
Hutan Perennial Sekunder306
Kategorikm² 
Ejido21,972
Kawasan Lindung6,319

Yucatán ranks sixth nationally among the states with the most deforestation. In the last 24 years, it has lost approximately 30% of its vegetation cover. According to the information provided by recent studies conducted in the territory, the main causes of deforestation are associated with the growth of agricultural activities, where livestock contributes between 47 and 51% of the loss of plant cover, followed by rainfed agriculture with 33 to 36% and to a lesser extent mechanized agricultural expansion, forest fires, fruit expansion, human settlements, the expansion of road infrastructure, and agro-industry.

The loss of 2,849.5804 km2 of forests from 2005-2013, has had a high cost in ecological terms as well as economic and social profitability.

It is important to highlight that the causes of deforestation do not impact the State equally, since there is a spatial variation between regions as can be observed in the northeast of Yucatan where the predominant productive activity is livestock, compared to the Oriente region where the predominant activity is small-scale commercial agriculture and subsistence agriculture. This differentiation can be attributed to socioeconomic factors that have historically favored the prevalence of certain productive activities.

Notes

a.Karena pendekatan metodologis dan tahun dasar yang berbeda, bidang data Status Hutan mungkin sedikit berbeda. Sumber data untuk setiap bidang tercantum di bawah ini.

Sources

1.Conociendo Yucatán Quinta Edición, INEGI 2016.
2.Mexico FREL link
3.Panorama sociodemográfico de México,INEGI 2015. link
4.FUENTE: INEGI. Censo de Población y Vivienda 2010.
5.Secretaría de Economía (2016). Consulta documento en línea:
6.INEGI, 2015. Panorama sociodemográfico de Yucatán. Encuesta Intercensal 2015. 228 pp.
7.Yucatán, Informe PROMEXICO Inversión y Comercio, Secretaría de Economía, 2016.
8.Índice de Desarrollo Humano para las entidades federativas, México 2015. PNUD,2015.
9.Oportunidades de mercado para Yucatán 2009. SAGARPA,2009.
10.CONAFOR 2014
11.INEGI/FCPF FREL
12.Elaboración propia con datos de la carta de uso de suelo y vegetación (INEGI, 2016). Homologado a los tipos de vegetación dispuestos en la tabla N°52 (categorías que se incluyen en tierras forestales) del documento de la Iniciativa de Reducción de Emisiones (IRE, 2016).
13.CONANP