Huánuco Peru
Ruben Alva Ochoa
Regional Director of Agriculture
Regional Manager of Natural Resources and Environmental Management

Huánuco terletak di bagian tengah negara ini, berisi tiga pegunungan di utara Andes Peru dan meluas ke Sungai Ucayali. Kawasan ini merupakan rumah bagi hamparan hutan yang luas di Lembah Amazon. Batas-batasnya adalah:
- ke Utara: dengan departemen La Libertad, San Martín, Loreto dan Ucayali.
- ke Selatan: dengan departemen Pasco.
- ke Timur: dengan departemen Ucayali.
ke Barat: dengan departemen Ancash dan Lima

Wilayah ini terbagi menjadi 11 provinsi dan 77 kabupaten.

Permukaan teritorial wilayah 36.848,85 Km², mewakili 2,87% wilayah nasional, di mana tujuh dari delapan Kawasan Alam dapat ditemukan (kecuali wilayah Chala). Jika kita mengacu pada tiga wilayah alami: tercakup dalam 64,06% pegunungan, 23,84% bukit, 2,77% piedmont dan 8,33% dataran. Wilayah departemen telah dibedah secara luas (tenggelam, diperdalam) oleh proses orogenik yang terkait erat dengan pemberontakan Andes, jadi Huánuco mengandung di pedalamannya tiga pegunungan di utara Andes di Peru; bagian barat, tengah dan oriental. Rantai ini berasal dari pemberontakan Andes karena ukiran yang dalam jutaan tahun telah membuat sungai Marañón, Huallaga dan Pachitea, sungai-sungai yang berjalan hampir sejajar dari selatan ke utara dan yang membantu membentuk wilayah Huanuco, menghasilkan tiga besar majelis spasial: lembah Marañón, cekungan Huallaga dan lembah Pachitea.

Informasi tambahan dapat ditemukan di Platform Dampak GCF.

Ringkasan

36,850km²
42.9%
-20.6%
2015 - 2016

Demografi

872,523
2.8%
Type% 
Rural0.61
Urban0.39
Group 
Amuesha (Yanesha)980
Asheninka712
Cashibo-Cacataibo499
Shipibo-Conibo403

Ekonomi

PEN5.32 M
PEN6,139
Type% 
Other sectors40.92
Other service sectors19.49
Agriculture, Livestock, Hunting and Forestry16.52
Commerce12.22
Building10.85
0.375
Cocoa (grain, powder, butter, liquor and cover), fresh flowers

Status Hutan[a]

18,540km²
15,818km²
2,722km²
108M MtC
Typekm² 
Others37,070
Non-forested areas8,858
Hill forests2,799
Andean agriculture2,055
Terraced forests1,404
Mountain forests1,264
Flooded forest17
Typekm² 
National Protected Areas16
Timber forest concessions12
Native titled communities9
Private Conservation Areas - ACP1

Causes of deforestation in Huánuco include include agricultural activities, forest fires and diseases, and the uncontrolled felling of trees. A substantial driver in some areas is illegal mining, which is particularly prevalent in the province of Puerto Inca, where it is responsible 16% of the loss in vegetation cover.

At present, the deforestation of tropical forests is a real threat. In Huánuco the rates of deforestation in have been much more intense in dry and semi-arid areas, especially in the mountains. This is likely due to the fact that drier areas and higher altitudes in Huanuco are more suitable for livestock production. The soils of these regions, in general, are richer and easier to cultivate than the old soils of the tropical plains, which are largely depleted of nutrients and have restrictions in place to prevent agricultural expansion.

One of these consequences of deforestation in Huánuco is the release of forest carbon into the atmosphere. Deforestation also leads to a loss in water retention, and increases the impact of droughts in the region.  

Notes

a.Karena pendekatan metodologis dan tahun dasar yang berbeda, bidang data Status Hutan mungkin sedikit berbeda. Sumber data untuk setiap bidang tercantum di bawah ini.

Sources

1.National Institute of Statistics and Informatics. Yearbook of Environmental Statistics 2015
2.Data obtained from the National Institute of Statistics and Informatics
3.(INEI, 2016) link
4.National Institute of Statistics and Informatics. Values at Constant Prices of 2007
5.Jurisdictional profiles of the member regions of the Group of Governors for Climate and Forests in Peru. Alternate Development Mechanisms, Lima: 2018
6.(PNUD-Perú, S/F) link
7.Data obtained from the Integrated Foreign Trade Information System
8.Geobosques Platform based on the year 2001.
9.Geobosques 2016
10.(MINAM, 2016) link