Huánuco Peru
Ruben Alva Ochoa
Regional Director of Agriculture
Regional Manager of Natural Resources and Environmental Management

Huánuco está localizado na parte central do país, contém as três cordilheiras do norte dos Andes do Peru e se estende até o rio Ucayali. A região é o lar de vastas áreas de florestas na Bacia Amazônica. Seus limites são:
- ao norte: com os departamentos de La Libertad, San Martín, Loreto e Ucayali.
- para o sul: com o departamento de Pasco.
- para o leste: com o departamento de Ucayali.
para o oeste: com os departamentos de Ancash e Lima

A região é dividida em 11 províncias e 77 distritos.

A superfície territorial departamental de 36.848,85 Km² representa 2,87% do território nacional, onde sete das oito Regiões Naturais podem ser encontradas (exceto para a região de Chala). Se nos referimos às três regiões naturais: cobertas por 64,06% das montanhas, 23,84% das colinas, 2,77% do piemonte e 8,33% das planícies. O território do departamento foi amplamente dissecado (afundado, aprofundado) por processos orogênicos intimamente relacionados com o levante andino, por isso Huánuco contém no interior suas três cadeias de montanhas do norte dos Andes do Peru; o ocidental, o central e o oriental. Essas cadeias se originaram tanto pelo levantamento andino como pela escultura que, em milhões de anos, fizeram os rios Marañón, Huallaga e Pachitea, rios que correm quase paralelos do sul ao norte e que ajudam a moldar o território huanuco, gerando três grandes Assembléias espaciais: a bacia de Marañón, a bacia de Huallaga e a bacia de Pachitea.

Informações adicionais podem ser encontradas na Plataforma de Impacto do GCF.

Resumo

36,850km²
42.9%
-20.6%
2015 - 2016

Demografia

872,523
2.8%
Type% 
Rural0.61
Urban0.39
Group 
Amuesha (Yanesha)980
Asheninka712
Cashibo-Cacataibo499
Shipibo-Conibo403

Economia

PEN5.32 M
PEN6,139
Type% 
Other sectors40.92
Other service sectors19.49
Agriculture, Livestock, Hunting and Forestry16.52
Commerce12.22
Building10.85
0.375
Cocoa (grain, powder, butter, liquor and cover), fresh flowers

Status da floresta[a]

18,540km²
15,818km²
2,722km²
108M MtC
Typekm² 
Others37,070
Non-forested areas8,858
Hill forests2,799
Andean agriculture2,055
Terraced forests1,404
Mountain forests1,264
Flooded forest17
Typekm² 
National Protected Areas16
Timber forest concessions12
Native titled communities9
Private Conservation Areas - ACP1

Causes of deforestation in Huánuco include include agricultural activities, forest fires and diseases, and the uncontrolled felling of trees. A substantial driver in some areas is illegal mining, which is particularly prevalent in the province of Puerto Inca, where it is responsible 16% of the loss in vegetation cover.

At present, the deforestation of tropical forests is a real threat. In Huánuco the rates of deforestation in have been much more intense in dry and semi-arid areas, especially in the mountains. This is likely due to the fact that drier areas and higher altitudes in Huanuco are more suitable for livestock production. The soils of these regions, in general, are richer and easier to cultivate than the old soils of the tropical plains, which are largely depleted of nutrients and have restrictions in place to prevent agricultural expansion.

One of these consequences of deforestation in Huánuco is the release of forest carbon into the atmosphere. Deforestation also leads to a loss in water retention, and increases the impact of droughts in the region.  

Notes

a.Devido a diferentes abordagens metodológicas e anos-base, os campos de dados do Status da Floresta podem diferir ligeiramente. As fontes de dados para cada campo estão listadas abaixo.

Sources

1.National Institute of Statistics and Informatics. Yearbook of Environmental Statistics 2015
2.Data obtained from the National Institute of Statistics and Informatics
3.(INEI, 2016) link
4.National Institute of Statistics and Informatics. Values at Constant Prices of 2007
5.Jurisdictional profiles of the member regions of the Group of Governors for Climate and Forests in Peru. Alternate Development Mechanisms, Lima: 2018
6.(PNUD-Perú, S/F) link
7.Data obtained from the Integrated Foreign Trade Information System
8.Geobosques Platform based on the year 2001.
9.Geobosques 2016
10.(MINAM, 2016) link