Loreto is the largest regions - and the region with the greatest forest cover - in Peru. It currently has more than 13 million hectares of forest under forms of conservation (apart from national administration), concessions for non-timber purposes and conservation of watershed headwaters.
One of its most important forest policies is the Regional Program for the Conservation, Management and Sustainable Use of Loreto Biological Diversity (PROCREL), which conserves forests, together with local governments and communities and NGOs. PROCREL works to strengthen forest management and generate economic income for communities through the development of sustainable productive alternatives in the Regional Conservation Areas (ACRs). Today Loreto has 5 ACRs connected between them, making a total of more than 2 million hectares where more than 98 native communities live.
In the future, the challenge is to formulate and implement a holistic low-emission development strategy which balances socioeconomic needs and forest conservation using a landscape approach.