Loreto Peru
Fernando Meléndez Celis
Regional Planning, Budget and Territorial Planning Manager
Assistant Manager of Planning and Territorial Zoning

Loreto adalah daerah terbesar - dan wilayah dengan tutupan hutan terbesar - di Peru. Saat ini memiliki lebih dari 13 juta hektar hutan dalam bentuk konservasi (selain dari administrasi nasional), konsesi untuk tujuan non-kayu dan konservasi daerah hulu DAS.

Salah satu kebijakan kehutanan yang paling penting adalah Program Regional untuk Konservasi, Pengelolaan dan Penggunaan Berkelanjutan Keanekaragaman Hayati Loreto (PROCREL), yang melestarikan hutan, bersama dengan pemerintah daerah dan masyarakat dan LSM. PROCREL bekerja untuk memperkuat pengelolaan hutan dan menghasilkan pendapatan ekonomi bagi masyarakat melalui pengembangan alternatif produktif yang berkelanjutan di Kawasan Konservasi Regional (Regional Conservation Areas / ACR). Saat ini Loreto memiliki 5 ACR yang terhubung di antara mereka, membuat total lebih dari 2 juta hektar di mana lebih dari 98 penduduk asli tinggal.

Ke depan, tantangannya adalah merumuskan dan menerapkan strategi pengembangan emisi rendah holistik yang menyeimbangkan kebutuhan sosial ekonomi dan konservasi hutan dengan menggunakan pendekatan lansekap.

Informasi tambahan dapat ditemukan di Platform Dampak GCF.

Ringkasan

368,799km²
95.2%
+17.4%
2015 - 2016

Demografi

1.04 M
3.4%
Type% 
Urban66.00
Rural34.00
Group 
Other54,426
Kukama - kukamiria50,000
Quechua38,500
Chayahuita20,000
Achuar10,500
Awajun8,000

Ekonomi

PEN8.44 M
PEN7,144
Type% 
Other sectors35.30
Public Administration and Defense25.80
Commerce19.50
Agriculture, Livestock, Hunting and Forestry10.20
Oil and Mining9.20
0.398
Wood and papers, metalworking, iron and steel, fishing, agrochemicals

Status Hutan[a]

354,362km²
350,932km²
3,430km²
3,585M MtC
Typekm² 
Humid low hills Forests202,113
Swamps51,025
Aguajales29,299
Humid Forest of Low Terraces21,988
Moist Forest of Mendric Plains17,561
Others13,234
Humid Mountain Forest10,908
Wet Forest of Terraces Stockings9,439
Humid High Hills Forests8,193
Humid Forest of High Terraces5,003
Typekm² 
National Protected Areas68,343
Native titled communities64,846
Regional Conservation Areas21,999
Timber forest concessions21,910
Concessions for conservation2,697
Ecotourism concessions329
Other forest concessions76
Private Conservation Areas - ACP10

There are no in-depth studies on the causes of deforestation in Loreto. The Strategic Environmental Study of the regional development plan notes that "deforestation originates due to various causes such as the exploitation of wood, the construction of roads and the conversion of forest areas to areas of agricultural activity " (DAR, 2015). The Loreto Sostenible 2021 study (Dourojeanni, 2013), also notes that "the highest rates of deforestation are concentrated in the two areas served by roads and around Iquitos." The first area is the one that corresponds to "area of high hills, which is crossed by the road that arrives to Yurimaguas from Tarapoto, the large plantations of oil palm established with use of machinery". The second area is the one influenced by "the construction of the Iquitos-Nauta highway, in terrains with sandy-quartz soils, which has led to the extension of the agricultural occupation of this area up to 20 km on each side (Dourojeanni, 2013). The report also explains that "important extensions have also been deforested in recent years for agricultural purposes in the provinces of Alto Amazonas, Ramón Castilla and Maynas." It is important to note also that Dourojeannu (2013) states that the main problem is not deforestation in Loreto, but rather degradation due to selective logging.  Currently the extent of degradation in Loreto is difficult to measure.

Notes

a.Karena pendekatan metodologis dan tahun dasar yang berbeda, bidang data Status Hutan mungkin sedikit berbeda. Sumber data untuk setiap bidang tercantum di bawah ini.

Sources

1.(INEI, 2016) link
2.(BCRP, 2016) link
3.(INEI, 2016) link
4.(BCRP, 2016) link
5.(PNUD, S/F) link
6.(PROMPERÚ, 2016) link
7.PNCB link
8.Geobosques 2016
9.Peru FREL
10.Secretaría del Convenio sobre la Diversidad Biológica (https://www.cbd.int/doc/nbsap/sbsap/pe-sbsap-loreto-es.pdf)