Loreto Peru
Fernando Meléndez Celis
Regional Planning, Budget and Territorial Planning Manager
Assistant Manager of Planning and Territorial Zoning

Loreto é a maior região - e a região com maior cobertura florestal - no Peru. Atualmente, possui mais de 13 milhões de hectares de floresta sob formas de conservação (além da administração nacional), concessões para fins não-madeireiros e conservação de cabeceiras das bacias hidrográficas.

Uma das suas políticas florestais mais importantes é o Programa Regional de Conservação, Gestão e Uso Sustentável da Diversidade Biológica de Loreto (PROCREL), que conserva as florestas, juntamente com governos e comunidades locais e ONGs. O PROCREL trabalha para fortalecer o manejo florestal e gerar renda econômica para as comunidades através do desenvolvimento de alternativas produtivas sustentáveis ​​nas Áreas Regionais de Conservação (ACRs). Hoje Loreto tem 5 ACRs conectados entre eles, totalizando mais de 2 milhões de hectares onde vivem mais de 98 comunidades nativas.

No futuro, o desafio é formular e implementar uma estratégia holística de desenvolvimento de baixas emissões que equilibre as necessidades socioeconômicas e a conservação da floresta usando uma abordagem paisagística.

Informações adicionais podem ser encontradas na Plataforma de Impacto do GCF.

Resumo

368,799km²
95.2%
+17.4%
2015 - 2016

Demografia

1.04 M
3.4%
Categoria% 
Urbana66.00
Rural34.00
Grupo 
Other54,426
Kukama - kukamiria50,000
Quechua38,500
Chayahuita20,000
Achuar10,500
Awajun8,000

Economia

PEN8.44 M
PEN7,144
Categoria% 
Other sectors35.30
Public Administration and Defense25.80
Commerce19.50
Agriculture, Livestock, Hunting and Forestry10.20
Oil and Mining9.20
0.398
Wood and papers, metalworking, iron and steel, fishing, agrochemicals

Status da floresta[a]

354,362km²
350,932km²
3,430km²
3,585M MtC
Categoriakm² 
Humid low hills Forests202,113
Swamps51,025
Aguajales29,299
Humid Forest of Low Terraces21,988
Moist Forest of Mendric Plains17,561
Others13,234
Humid Mountain Forest10,908
Wet Forest of Terraces Stockings9,439
Humid High Hills Forests8,193
Humid Forest of High Terraces5,003
Categoriakm² 
National Protected Areas68,343
Native titled communities64,846
Regional Conservation Areas21,999
Timber forest concessions21,910
Concessions for conservation2,697
Ecotourism concessions329
Other forest concessions76
Private Conservation Areas - ACP10

There are no in-depth studies on the causes of deforestation in Loreto. The Strategic Environmental Study of the regional development plan notes that "deforestation originates due to various causes such as the exploitation of wood, the construction of roads and the conversion of forest areas to areas of agricultural activity " (DAR, 2015). The Loreto Sostenible 2021 study (Dourojeanni, 2013), also notes that "the highest rates of deforestation are concentrated in the two areas served by roads and around Iquitos." The first area is the one that corresponds to "area of high hills, which is crossed by the road that arrives to Yurimaguas from Tarapoto, the large plantations of oil palm established with use of machinery". The second area is the one influenced by "the construction of the Iquitos-Nauta highway, in terrains with sandy-quartz soils, which has led to the extension of the agricultural occupation of this area up to 20 km on each side (Dourojeanni, 2013). The report also explains that "important extensions have also been deforested in recent years for agricultural purposes in the provinces of Alto Amazonas, Ramón Castilla and Maynas." It is important to note also that Dourojeannu (2013) states that the main problem is not deforestation in Loreto, but rather degradation due to selective logging.  Currently the extent of degradation in Loreto is difficult to measure.

Notes

a.Devido a diferentes abordagens metodológicas e anos-base, os campos de dados do Status da Floresta podem diferir ligeiramente. As fontes de dados para cada campo estão listadas abaixo.

Sources

1.(INEI, 2016) link
2.(BCRP, 2016) link
3.(INEI, 2016) link
4.(BCRP, 2016) link
5.(PNUD, S/F) link
6.(PROMPERÚ, 2016) link
7.PNCB link
8.Geobosques 2016
9.Peru FREL
10.Secretaría del Convenio sobre la Diversidad Biológica (https://www.cbd.int/doc/nbsap/sbsap/pe-sbsap-loreto-es.pdf)