Madre de Dios Peru
Luis Otsuka Salazar
Regional Manager of Production
Director of the Technical Office for International Cooperation

The Madre de Dios Region is located in the south-eastern part of the Peruvian territory, between parallels 9º 55'33 "and 13º 20' 04", south latitude, and meridians 68º 39'27 "and 77º 22 '27", west longitude . Its location is considered strategic because it constitutes a frontier region with the countries of Brazil and Bolivia.

It has a surface area of ​​85,182 square kilometers equivalent to 8,518,200 hectares, representing 6.6% of the national territory and 15.3% of the forest. Provinces in Madre de Dios include Tambopata (42.58% of the departmental area), Manu (32.54%) and Tahuamanu (24.88%).

It is mainly covered by subtropical forests where various productive activities are carried out, including the extraction of gold, wood and chestnuts. Recently the region has invested in ecotourism.

Throughout its history it has faced the restrictive problem of a lack of  communication and transportation infrastructure, which has isolated it from the rest of the country and limited economic development.

The region is endowed with a great potential in natural resources, and is considered the "Peruvian capital of the biodiversity". There are three important protected areas: the Manu National Park, the Bahuaja-Sonene National Park and the Tambopata National Reserve.

Summary

85,183km²
93.9%
+27.1%
2013 - 2014

Demographics

128,000
0.4%
Type% 
Urban75.70
Rural24.30
Group% 
Other97.10
Amarakaeri1.00
Matsiguenga0.60
Ese'eja0.50
Piro0.50
Shipibo Konibo0.30

Economy

PEN1.68 B
PEN15,307
Type% 
Services45.20
Mining43.20
Agriculture7.80
Industry4.20
Forestry0.00
0.600
Gold, timber, Brazil nuts

Forest Status

81,279km²
80,000km²
Typekm² 
Other Land Uses56,420
Hill Forests40,076
Terrace Forests26,743
Mountain Forests6,508
Non-Forested Areas3,341
Waterways987
Flooded Forests--
1,279km²
796M MtC
Typekm² 
Private Conservation Areas--
Areas of Regional Conservation--
National Protected Natural Areas--
Concessions for conservation--
Forestry concessions--
Regional areas for conservation and recovery purposes (ZOCRES)--
Native titled communities--
No forest management category / Other holding categories--

Sources

1. IIAP. La Región Madre de Dios link
2. INEI 1996, PERU: SUPERFICIE, POBLACION Y DENSIDAD POBLACIONAL DE LAS PROVINCIAS POR REGION, SEGUN DEPARTAMENTO link
3. INEI, 2012. Población Proyectada por Departamento Población Proyectada por Departamento
4. INEI, 2012. Distribución de la Población Rural y Urbana Proyectada
5. INEI - Informe Técnico Agosto 2010
6. Banco Central de Reserva del Perú, 2013. Caracterización del Departamento Madre de Dios, Cuzco. link
7. UNDP, 2013. Human Development Report. The Rise of the South: Human Progress in a Diverse World, New York
8. Principales Partidas Exportadas Según UBIGEO, Madre de Dios link
9. PNCB link
10. Fuente: Inforeme Forestal 2008. IDE Gobierno Regional Madre de Dios
11. Peru FREL
12. (MINAM, 2016) link