Madre de Dios Peru
Luis Otsuka Salazar
Regional Manager of Production
Regional Manager of Natural Resources and Environmental Management

The Madre de Dios Region is located in the south-eastern Peru, bordered to the north by Ucayali and Brazil,  to the west by Cusco, and to the south by Puno, and to the east by Bolivia and Brazil. The region spans 85,301 km2, representing 6.6% of the national territory and 15.3% of the forest. 

Provinces in Madre de Dios include Tambopata (42.58% of the departmental area), Manu (32.54%) and Tahuamanu (24.88%).  It is mainly covered by subtropical forests where various productive activities are carried out, including the extraction of gold, wood and chestnuts. Recently the region has invested in ecotourism.

Due to its remote location the regions has faced limited access to communication and transportation infrastructure, which has isolated it from the rest of the country and limited economic development.

The region is endowed with a great potential in natural resources, and is considered the "Peruvian capital of the biodiversity". There are three important protected areas: the Manu National Park, the Bahuaja-Sonene National Park and the Tambopata National Reserve.

Additional information can be found on the GCF Impact Platform.

Summary

85,183km²
93.4%
-3.9%
2015 - 2016

Demographics

142,889
0.5%
Category% 
Urban76.00
Rural24.00
Group 
Amarakaeri1,043
Matsiguenga705
Ese’ejja588
Piro507
Shipibo-Conibo301
Huachipaeri258
Pukirieri168
Kichwaruna116
Arazaeri87
Toyoeri-Amahuaca-Matsiguenga77
Toyoeri-Shipibo-Conibo-Ese’ejja-Arazaeri-Matsiguenga48
Kisamberi-Sapitieri-Amarakaeri47
Amahuaca40
Marinahua20

Economy

PEN2.67 M
PEN18,972
Category% 
Oil and Mining46.53
Other sectors23.39
Other service sectors12.93
Commerce10.49
Building6.66
0.600
Gold, Timber, Brazil nuts

Forest Status[a]

81,099km²
79,529km²
1,570km²
796M MtC
Categorykm² 
Mixed communities of bamboos, or mixed pacales, associated with scattered trees in hills24,565
Others23,152
Dense semi-deciduous forests in hills14,463
Dense semi-deciduous forests in plains13,143
Mixed communities of bamboos, or mixed pacales, associated with scattered trees in plains5,032
Arboreal swamp communities (renacales and palm groves)4,830
Categorykm² 
National Protected Areas39,874
Non-timber forest concessions10,576
Timber forest concessions8,840
Concessions for conservation1,907
Ecotourism concessions354
Concessions for Forestation and Reforestation123
Private Conservation Areas - ACP36

Currently, in Madre de Dios there is no specialized study to develop and quantify the drivers of deforestation. However, according to the Biological Diversity Strategy 2021 of Madre de Dios, the causes of deforestation are "illegal logging, mining, land use change, urban growth, and hydrocarbon and infrastructure activities and invasions".

Notes

a.Due to different methodological approaches and base years, Forest Status data fields may differ slightly. Data sources for each field are listed below.

Sources

1.IIAP. La Región Madre de Dios link
2.INEI 1996, PERU: SUPERFICIE, POBLACION Y DENSIDAD POBLACIONAL DE LAS PROVINCIAS POR REGION, SEGUN DEPARTAMENTO link
3.Instituto Nacional de Estadística e Informática.
4.INEI, 2012. Distribución de la Población Rural y Urbana Proyectada
5.INEI - Informe Técnico Agosto 2010
6.Perfiles jurisdiccionales de las regiones integrantes del Grupo de los Gobernadores por el Clima y los Bosques en el Perú
7.UNDP, 2013. Human Development Report. The Rise of the South: Human Progress in a Diverse World, New York
8.Principales Partidas Exportadas Según UBIGEO, Madre de Dios link
9.Plataforma Geobosques MINAM, área de bosque del año 2001
10.Geobosques 2016
11.GeoBosques
12.Fuente: Inforeme Forestal 2008. IDE Gobierno Regional Madre de Dios
13.Estrategia de Diversidad Biológica al 2021, 1era edición. Puerto Maldonado: 2015.
14.Biological Diversity Strategy 2021 of Madre de Dios