The Madre de Dios Region is located in the south-eastern Peru, bordered to the north by Ucayali and Brazil, to the west by Cusco, and to the south by Puno, and to the east by Bolivia and Brazil. The region spans 85,301 km2, representing 6.6% of the national territory and 15.3% of the forest.
Provinces in Madre de Dios include Tambopata (42.58% of the departmental area), Manu (32.54%) and Tahuamanu (24.88%). It is mainly covered by subtropical forests where various productive activities are carried out, including the extraction of gold, wood and chestnuts. Recently the region has invested in ecotourism.
Due to its remote location the regions has faced limited access to communication and transportation infrastructure, which has isolated it from the rest of the country and limited economic development.
The region is endowed with a great potential in natural resources, and is considered the "Peruvian capital of the biodiversity". There are three important protected areas: the Manu National Park, the Bahuaja-Sonene National Park and the Tambopata National Reserve.
Additional information can be found on the GCF Impact Platform.
|Oil and Mining||46.53|
|Other service sectors||12.93|
|Mixed communities of bamboos, or mixed pacales, associated with scattered trees in hills||24,565|
|Dense semi-deciduous forests in hills||14,463|
|Dense semi-deciduous forests in plains||13,143|
|Mixed communities of bamboos, or mixed pacales, associated with scattered trees in plains||5,032|
|Arboreal swamp communities (renacales and palm groves)||4,830|
|National Protected Areas||39,874|
|Non-timber forest concessions||10,576|
|Timber forest concessions||8,840|
|Concessions for conservation||1,907|
|Concessions for Forestation and Reforestation||123|
|Private Conservation Areas - ACP||36|
Currently, in Madre de Dios there is no specialized study to develop and quantify the drivers of deforestation. However, according to the Biological Diversity Strategy 2021 of Madre de Dios, the causes of deforestation are "illegal logging, mining, land use change, urban growth, and hydrocarbon and infrastructure activities and invasions".
|a.||Due to different methodological approaches and base years, Forest Status data fields may differ slightly. Data sources for each field are listed below.|
|1.||IIAP. La Región Madre de Dios link|
|2.||INEI 1996, PERU: SUPERFICIE, POBLACION Y DENSIDAD POBLACIONAL DE LAS PROVINCIAS POR REGION, SEGUN DEPARTAMENTO link|
|3.||Instituto Nacional de Estadística e Informática.|
|4.||INEI, 2012. Distribución de la Población Rural y Urbana Proyectada|
|5.||INEI - Informe Técnico Agosto 2010|
|6.||Perfiles jurisdiccionales de las regiones integrantes del Grupo de los Gobernadores por el Clima y los Bosques en el Perú|
|7.||UNDP, 2013. Human Development Report. The Rise of the South: Human Progress in a Diverse World, New York|
|8.||Principales Partidas Exportadas Según UBIGEO, Madre de Dios link|
|9.||Plataforma Geobosques MINAM, área de bosque del año 2001|
|12.||Fuente: Inforeme Forestal 2008. IDE Gobierno Regional Madre de Dios|
|13.||Estrategia de Diversidad Biológica al 2021, 1era edición. Puerto Maldonado: 2015.|
|14.||Biological Diversity Strategy 2021 of Madre de Dios|