Piura Peru
Reynaldo Alonso Hilbck Guzman
Manager of the Regional Environmental Authority

The Piura Region is located in the North-Western zone of Peru, between latitude South 4º04'50 "and 6º22'10" and longitude West 79º13'15 "and 81º19'35"; at a distance of 981 km from the city of Lima. Its territorial extension is 35,892km2, which represents 2.79% of the country's territory.
At a political-administrative level, the region is divided into 08 provinces: Piura, Sullana, Talara, Paita, Sechura, Morropón, Huancabamba and Ayabaca. Within these 8 provinces lie 65 districts.
The climate of the department of Piura is varied. The coast is warm with high temperatures throughout the year, which fluctuate between 34.2ºC and 15ºC. In the mountains, the climate is mild with seasonal rainfalls. The region is particularly prone to effects from El Niño Southern Oscillation, which may be exacerbated by climate change.
Piura is a region with a unique biodiversity, which is an important source of resources on which activities such as agriculture, fishing, aquaculture and tourism depend.  It is important to note that according to the Ecological and Economic Zoning of the Region (2013), 22.30% of the continental territory of Piura has aptitude for conservation and protection, which reflects the ecological value of several important areas in the region.

Additional information can be found on the GCF Impact Platform.

Summary

35,658km²
1.2%
+78.6%
2015 - 2016

Demographics

1.87 M
6.1%
Type% 
Urban77.00
Rural23.00
Group 

Economy

PEN19.07 M
PEN10,258
Type% 
0.579
Fresh grapes, fresh mango, organic bananas, squid, fan shells, prawns, calcium phosphate, gypsum, phosphoric rock, andalusite and bentonite mineral

Forest Status

445km²
420km²
25km²
1M MtC
Typekm² 
Dry forest17,919
Others8,333
Dry scrub4,612
Natural grass2,934
Intensive agriculture2,287
Typekm² 
Peasant communities18,291
Private lands9,310
Without defined tenure or other types of tenure without available data5,754
National Protected Areas1,248
Private Conservation Areas - ACP563
Regional Conservation Areas288
Areas of Environmental Conservation - ACA205
Concessions for conservation130
Non-timber forest concessions56
Ramsar site34
Concessions for Forestation and Reforestation14

Currently in Piura there is no specialized and specific document to determine the drivers of deforestation; however, in the Technical Report for determining the rate of deforestation in Piura, requests for change of use and requests for oil and other deforestation are mentioned as part of the analysis of the determination. In addition, there is also the document "Study of the costs of desertification and land degradation in the department of Piura (Morales, et al., 2013) and the" Study of identification, prioritization, evaluation and integration of economic valuation of ecosystem services in the planning and public investment processes of the Piura Region "(Orihuela and Albán, 2012)

Sources

1.(INEI, 2016) link
2.Instituto Nacional de Estadística e Informática. Población estimada para el año 2017
3.Instituto Nacional de Estadística e Informática.
4.Información Calculada con Datos del Instituto Nacional de Estadística
5.Información tomada de la Memoria Final de la Zonificación Económica Ecológica
6.(PROMPERÚ, S/F) link
7.Geobosques 2001
8.Geobosques 2016
9.(MINAM, 2016) link
10.Other: Dry Forests
11.(MINAM, 2016) link