The Piura Region is located in the North-Western zone of Peru, between latitude South 4º04'50 "and 6º22'10" and longitude West 79º13'15 "and 81º19'35"; at a distance of 981 km from the city of Lima. Its territorial extension is 35,892km2, which represents 2.79% of the country's territory.
At a political-administrative level, the region is divided into 08 provinces: Piura, Sullana, Talara, Paita, Sechura, Morropón, Huancabamba and Ayabaca. It also has 65 districts.
The climate of the department of Piura is varied, the coast is warm with high temperatures throughout the year, which fluctuate between 34.2ºC and 15ºC. In the mountains, the climate is mild, with rainfall according to the season. An important characteristic of the territory is the recurrent presence of the "El Niño" FEN Phenomenon, which occurs in certain non-periodic periods with positive and negative effects that influence Regional behavior.
Piura is a region with a unique biodiversity, which is an important source of resources on which activities such as agriculture, fishing, aquaculture and tourism that contribute greatly to the regional economy, it is important to note that according to the Ecological and Economic Zoning of the Region (2013), 22.30% of the continental territory of Piura has aptitude for conservation and protection, which reflects the ecological value of several important areas in the region.