San Martín Peru
Victor Noriega
Manager of the Regional Environmental Authority
Manager of the Regional Economic Development

San Martín is located in the eastern part of Peru. It has an area of 51 253 km ², of which about 62.3% are covered with forest.

Over the past few years, San Martin has been working to develop an institutional framework for forest conservation and the generation of opportunities with a low green development focus on emissions. Thus, in 2010 it created the Regional Environmental Authority (ARA), the first in the Peruvian Amazon, which has made it possible to centralize oversight of natural resources, environment and territory policies, and forest management under a single entity.

One of the most important policies is the development of the Regional Conservation System which has three conservation corridors (North, Central and South corridors).  The conservation system integrates the territories under different conservation modalities in the territory.

In the future, the challenge is to formulate and implement a low-emission development strategy. The strategy must use a landscape approach to environmental/forest management that account for both human and ecosystem needs,  allowing the region to address socio-economic need while stopping the advance of deforestation.

Summary

51,253km²
66.7%
+17.3%
2013 - 2014

Demographics

829,520
2.7%
Type% 
Urban64.50
Rural35.50
Group% 
Amarakaeri--
Matsiguenga--
Ese'eja--
Piro--
Shipibo Konibo--
Other--

Economy

PEN2.76 M
PEN645
Type% 
Agriculture27.30
Mining0.10
Services--
Forestry--
Industry--
0.441
Café (75.9%); Cacao orgánico y otros principales (22.4%).

Forest Status

--km²
34,200km²
Typekm² 
Mountain Forests26,969
Other Land Uses17,030
Hill Forests2,685
Terrace Forests1,489
Waterways478
Non-Forested Areas320
Flooded Forests320
--km²
263M MtC
Typekm² 
No forest management category / Other holding categories22,212
National Protected Natural Areas9,494
Concessions for conservation5,812
Forestry concessions4,947
Regional areas for conservation and recovery purposes (ZOCRES)4,776
Native titled communities2,165
Areas of Regional Conservation1,475
Private Conservation Areas466
  • Smallholder Cattle
  • Large-scale Agriculture
  • Smallholder Agriculture

Sources

1. (CIAM, 2014) link
2. (INEI, 2012) link
3. (NEI, 2014) link
4. (INEI, 2014) link
5. (BCRP, 2014) link
6. (INEI, 2011) link
7. (PNUD, 2013) link
8. (PROMPERÚ, 2014) link
9. PNCB link
10. Fuente: Elaboracion propia basada en informacion proporcionada por el Gobierno Regional de San Martin* Incluye ACP Los Chilchos que según fuente nacional pertenece a Amazonas, pero ha sido incluido aquí por solicitud expresa del Gobierno de San Martín **Solo considera las areas pertenecientes a San Martin.

11. Peru FREL