San Martín Peru
Victor Noriega
General Manager of the Regional Government
Manager of the Regional Economic Development

Located in the northeastern part of Peru, the Region of San Martin has an area of 51,253 km², more than 60 percent of which is covered in forest. The San Martin region is actively engaged in jurisdictional partnerships to reduce deforestation including the Governors’ Climate and Forests (GCF) Task Force and the Under2Coalition. The region has also made ambitious commitments to reducing deforestation and combating climate change and has signed the Rio Branco Declaration and endorsed the Under2Mou.San Martin is a founding member of the  Amazon Interregional Council (CIAM), and has signed the Declaration of Guadalajara that reaffirms the commitment of the Amazonian regions of Peru to reduce deforestation and move towards sustainable development for the implementation of the actions of the Joint Declaration (DCI) on REDD+ of Peru, Norway and Germany.

San Martin has moved from commitment to action with a set of measures and policies which promote managing forests in a sustainable manner, reducing deforestation, and implementing a territorial approach to rural development.The regional government is advancing a Production - Protection and Inclusion approach which seeks to stimulate public and private investment to improve the livelihoods of rural producers while reducing deforestation, land trafficking, wildlife trafficking and mitigating and adapting to climate change.

Additional information can be found on the GCF Impact Platform.

Résumé

51,253km²
65.9%
-6.8%
2015 - 2016

Démographie

840,790
2.7%
Type% 
Urban65.00
Rural35.00
Group 
Lamas (Llacuash)16,929
Aguaruna (Aguajun)3,956
Chayahuita531

Économie

PEN5.59 B
PEN6,558
Type% 
Other sectors31.60
Agriculture, Livestock, Hunting and Forestry26.40
Other service sectors23.30
Commerce12.00
Manufacturing9.70
0.441
Café (75.9%); Cacao orgánico y otros principales (22.4%).

État de la forêt[a]

37,637km²
33,784km²
3,853km²
263M MtC
Typekm² 
Humid Mountain Forest25,285
Intervening Areas14,132
Others6,554
Humid low hills Forests2,785
Dry scrub2,529
Typekm² 
Without defined tenure or other types of tenure without available data16,484
National Protected Areas9,573
Concessions for conservation5,963
Other forest concessions4,815
Timber forest concessions2,713
Native titled communities2,160
Regional Conservation Areas1,499
Private Conservation Areas - ACP5

There are no official studies on deforestation causes in the jurisdiction of San Martín. However, Conservation International (CI) in 2013, conducted a study called "Historical analysis of deforestation in the San Martin region." This study names the most relevant causes of deforestation, and analyses drivers by geographic areas of San Martin.

In the case of the provinces of Moyobamba and Rioja, deforestation was due to "invasion, migration and leasing of lands of native communities". In the provinces of Lamas and San Martín, primary drivers were identified as "internal migration, the promotion of alternative crops" and "road projects". In Huallaga and Mariscal Cáceres, the study identified "forest concessions, migration, wood extraction, livestock activity, annual crops, cocoa crops" as causes of deforestation.  And in Picota, land use change was found to be caused by "migratory advance for the development of agriculture towards the districts of Shamboyacu and Tres Unidos, the latter has the largest migratory flow in recent years". These results, while preliminary in nature, came from participatory workshops complemented with a limited amount of Remote Sensing.

Notes

a.En raison des différentes approches méthodologiques et des années de référence, les champs de données sur l'état des forêts peuvent différer légèrement. Les sources de données pour chaque champ sont énumérées ci-dessous.

Sources

1.(INEI, 2012) link
2.Instituto Nacional de Estadística e Informática, Estimaciones y Proyecciones de Población
3.(INEI, 2014) link
4.(BCRP, 2014) link
5.(PNUD, 2013) link
6.(PROMPERÚ, 2014) link
7.MINAM
8.Geobosques 2016
9.Geobosques
10.Elaboración propia basada en información de SERNANP (2018), SERFOR (2018) y COFOPRI (2006) *Considera concesiones forestales vigentes. **Datos del 2012.