As a region, Ucayali is characterized by its high forest cover, 12 percent of which is included as natural protected areas. It has a great wealth of natural resources, as well as substantial water resources and highly biodiverse flora and fauna.
The department of Ucayali occupies a surface of 102 411 km, that represents 8.0 percent of the total country. It is located in the eastern part of Peru, in the jungle area. It limits by the North with the department of Loreto, by the West with the departments of Huánuco, Pasco and Junín; on the South with the departments of Cuzco and Madre de Dios and on the East with the Republic of Brazil. The capital of the department of Ucayali is the city of Pucallpa.
According to information from the National Institute of Statistics and Informatics (INEI) published for the year 2011, the Gross Value Added (GVA) of the department of Ucayali represented 1.0 percent of the national total. The main activities are related to trade, agriculture, hunting and forestry, other services and manufacturing.