Ucayali Peru
Manuel Gambini
Manager of the Regional Environmental Authority
General Manager of the Regional Government

Located in the eastern part of Peru, the region of Ucyali is distinguished by three distinct ecosystem landscapes: lowland rainforests, transitional 'brow' rainforests, and highraignforests. It is bordered to the North with the department of Loreto, to the West with the departments of Huánuco, Pasco and Junín; to the South by the departments of Cuzco and Madre de Dios and to the East with the Republic of Brazil. The capital of the department of Ucayali is the city of Pucallpa, located at 154 meters above sea level.
The department is comprises of four provinces: Coronel Portillo, Atalaya, Padre Abad and Purús; and 17 districts. The region has a wealth of natural resources and a high availability of water resources, flora and wildlife that provide a basis for productive economic activities.
The productive base of Ucayali is diversified, with  the agricultural sector contributing to 19 percent of the region's economic output during the period 2001-2010. Although traditional crops such as banana, cassava, papaya, rice and corn continue to be important, there is a diversification towards higher value crops such as oil palm, cocoa, coffee and camu camu.
Ucayali is also characterized by having a very dynamic commercial activity because Pucallpa is the most important city in the central jungle of Peru. Manufacturing accounts for 15 percent of regional production and is largely supported by the development of the timber industry.

Summary

105,086km²
89.4%
-0.3%
2015 - 2016

Demographics

506,681
1.6%
Type% 
Urban73.60
Rural26.40
Group 
Asheninka17,793
Shipibo-Conibo14,633
Cashinahua2,419
Piro1,863
Cashibo-Cacataibo1,380
Yaminahua600
Sharanahua-Marinahua486
Culina417
Cocama-Cocamilla378
Amahuaca261
Marinahua79
Matsiguenga60
Aguaruna (Aguajun)38

Economy

PEN4.16 M
PEN8,308
Type% 
Other sectors36.50
Other service sectors22.15
Commerce17.56
Manufacturing15.11
Agriculture, Livestock, Hunting and Forestry8.69
Building8.33
0.432
Cacao and timber

Forest Status

97,097km²
93,927km²
3,170km²
947M MtC
Typekm² 
Others53,823
Medium terrace13,682
High terrace10,862
Mountain forests7,047
Low terrace5,271
Riverside complex3,303
Middle Hill1,570
Aguajal / Palmeral255
Typekm² 
National Protected Areas323
Native titled communities219
Indigenous Reserves158
Timber forest concessions118
Regional Conservation Areas14
Concessions for conservation8
Ecotourism concessions1
Concessions for Forestation and Reforestation0

Ucayali does not have an official study identifying drivers of deforestation in the region. The National Strategy for Forests and Climate Change states that one of the main causes of deforestation in the whole of Amazonia is the cultivation of commercial coffee, cocoa, palm and livestock crops. Ucayali is one of the most productive regions in the Peruvian Amazon for these products.

Sources

1.Según Informe “Situacion de limites político-administrativo del Departamento de Ucayali al año 2017, elaborado por la Direccion de Gestion del Territorio de la ARAU – GOREU
2.https://www.inei.gob.pe/estadisticas/indice-tematico/poblacion-y-vivienda/
3.(Instituto Nacional de Estadística e Informática - INEI, 2014) link
4.Instituto Nacional de Estadística e Informática 
5.Instituto Nacional de Estadística e Informática
6.(Programa de las Naciones Unidas para el Desarrollo - PNUD, 2013) link
7.Sistema Integrado de Información de Comercio Exterior
8.Geobosques, Forest Cover 2001
9.Geobosques 2016
10.Geobosques
11. UN Environment, CDB Convention of Biological Diversity "https://www.cbd.int/doc/nbsap/sbsap/pe-sbsap-ucayali-es.pdf"