Laws, Policies and Strategies

Policies and Strategies

Plan for Prevention and Control of Deforestation (PPCD) -Acre's PPCD was completed in 2010 and focuses on three areas i) monitoring, control and surveillance, ii) territorial and land planning and iii) agroforestry production chains and sustainable practices. The strategy was revised for the period 2017-2020. The plan represents the guidelines that will guide the strategies, goals and actions of the State from 2017-2020 and its main objective is to reduce deforestation and the degradation of native vegetation, as well as to control forest fires, promoting the maintenance of ecosystem services.

State System for Environmental Services (SISA) - The state of Acre pioneered SISA which created the first jurisdictional, state level REDD+ program. SISA was created by State Law 2.308/2010and covers carbon sequestration, maintenance of water and hydrological services, conservation of soils, conservation of biodiversity, and valuation of traditional knowledge. The SISA law created a number of institutions to administer the system and procure funding for it. Among these are the Institute of Climate Change and Regulation of Environmental Services (IMC), which regulates SISA and registers and monitors private REDD+ projects; the Commission for Validation and Accompaniment (CEVA), which monitors SISA and approves regulations, norms and implementation approaches.

Within SISA Acre has developed Program of Incentives for Environmental Services-Carbon (ISA-Carbono). The program is designed to include the entire state territory, incorporating regional and thematic sub-programs as well as special REDD projects. Regional sub-programs are related to REDD actions. One sub-program identifies priority areas in those areas most at risk for deforestation, to date encompassing 5.4 million ha over 8 areas. Thematic sub-programs to address or develop REDD actions in indigenous territories and protected areas will be designed, depending on the priorities identified by the government. Special REDD projects are associated with REDD actions carried out in areas such as private properties or individual protected areas or similar land categories.

The ISA-Carbono Program is comprised of 2 sets of main interventions, including (1) direct assistance and regulatory actions such as technical extension, community organization, fire control, and improvement of monitoring and control mechanisms, and (2) incentives for environmental services directed to improving the productivity of deforested areas as well as to promote sustainable use of forests and protection of forests for stakeholders such as indigenous peoples, extractivist families and small households in settlement projects. Program governance is carried out by 3 entities: (1) a multi-stakeholder commission to supervise the program, (2) a government institute for regulation, monitoring and carbon registry, and (3) an agency (CDSA) for environmental services development—a private-public business to fundraise for and implement the ISA-Carbono.

Laws and Regulations

IMC Regulation 01 (October 26, 2015)- regulates law 2308 and creates a protocol for nesting projects into the state program

Decree 1.471 (2011)- Establishes the basic organizational structure of the Institute on Climate Change and Regulation of Environmental Services.

Law 2308 (October 22, 2010)- Created jurisdictional REDD+ program through the State System of Environmental Services (SISA), the Incentive Program for Environmental Services - Carbon (ISA Carbono) and other Ecosystem Services

Decree 3416 (Sept 12, 2008) – Environment Liability of Private Properties - defines the mechanisms for environmental liability of private properties in Acre - fully functional

Decree 3414 (Sept 12, 2008) – Forest Recovery Decree - regulates reforestation or forest recovery activities related to timber exploration - fully functional

Law 2025 (Oct 20, 2008) – Small Household Properties Certification program - regulates environmental services incentives for sustainably managed small household properties, creating a bonus for families that phase-out the use of fires and deforestation - fully functional

Law 1904 (Jun 5, 2007) - EEZ - created the Ecological Economical Zoning plan as a guideline for development - fully functional

Law 1426 (Dec 27, 2001) – Forest Law - regulates conservation and management of forests, creating the State Protected Areas System, the Forest Council and Forest Fund; addresses forest concessions as well - fully functional

Law 1277 (Jan 3, 1999) – Chico Mendes Law - establishes environmental services payments to extractive families through subsidy payments on rubber and other extractive products- fully functiona

Law 1235 (Jul 9, 1997) – Biodiversity Law - regulates access to biodiversity and establishes instruments for the control of access to genetic resources - dependent on Federal Regulation

Law 1117 (Jan 26, 1994) – State Environmental Policy - creates the foundation of the State’s environmental policy - fully functional

Law 1022 (Jan 21, 1992) - State Environment, Technology and Science System - creates the System composed by IMAC, SEMA and FUNTAC and the Environment, Science and Technology Council - fully functional

Institutional Framework

State Secretariat of Agriculture and Livestock (SEAP) - Responsible for engaging medium to large property owners in the program

State Secretariat for Agriculture and Ranching (SEAPROF) – Responsible for engaging owners of mid-size to large properties in the program

State Environmental Secretariat (SEMA) – coordinates the IES-Carbon Program; contributes to monitoring to avoid severe degradation of forests under the REDD Program

Institute for Climate Change (IMC) - Founded in 2010, responsible for overseeing SISA. coordinates the ISA-Carbono Program and UCEGEO; contributes to monitoring to avoid severe degradation of forests under the REDD Program,

Geoprocessing Unit (UCEGEO) – responsible for deforestation monitoring in REDD areas

State Institute for the Environment (IMAC) – responsible for enforcement in REDD areas

Zoning and Spatial Planning

Ecological and Economic Zoning (Zoneamento Ecológico-Econômico – ZEE) is required by the Federal Government to designate areas for economic and conservation activities within each state’s territory. The first phase of the ZEE for Acre was completed in 2007, and the second phase was completed in 2010 and normalized via state law n 1.904. It includes 4 zones - productive systems (agriculture, silviculture), sustainable use of natural resources and environmental protection (protected areas), priority territorial planning areas (indigenous territories) and urban areas. The ZEE has been approved by the Federal Government.

Engagement and Participation with Indigenous Peoples and Local Communities

Participation in the construction of the Acre REDD + jurisdictional program

The pro-active indigenous participation in the process of construction of the Acre REDD + Jurisdictional Program resulted in the creation of an Indigenous Interagency Working Group (current Thematic Chamber) within the scope of SISA and the elaboration of a Charter of Principles in 2013.

Contribution to governance of the IP / LC Working Group

In July 2016, the Government of the State of Acre, through the Institute of Climate Change and Regulation of Environmental Services - IMC, with the support of GCF and civil society partners, held a meeting in Brasilia to initiate a dialogue on approaches to mitigate climate change that engages, includes and benefits indigenous peoples and traditional communities. The meeting was held with the states of the Brazilian Amazon, the Ministry of Environment and Funai.

During GCF Annual Meeting in August 2016, members recommended the creation of a GCF Working Group as a way to promote partnerships among subnational governments, Indigenous Peoples and Traditional Communities, inspired by the indigenous protagonism of Acre. The Group had its first meeting in August 2017 in California (United States) to define the group's objectives and to elaborate concrete actions for the Annual Meeting of GCF 2017 and COP 23 and, as a result, the development of guiding principles of collaboration between governments, indigenous peoples and local communities was launched and efforts advanced to identify a collective agenda to deepen in each region according to their realities and the formalization of this Working Group.

During the GCF annual meeting in Balikpapan, Indonesia, in 2017, the "Klamath Charter" was launched with the results and commitments of the participants with these actions jointly between GCF member governments, indigenous and community organizations. The charter was discussed with Governor of Acre Tião Viana, other present GCF governors from Indonesia, Peru and Brazil, along with leaders from indigenous communities, donors and civil society. The expectations of all have been heard with the commitment of all present to better develop this dialogue to advance inclusive efforts to reduce deforestation and promote sustainable development of the communities that live in and along with the tropical forests.

IMC, in partnership with GCF and EII, continued the dialogue with the state governments, civil society and leaders of the nine states of the Legal Amazon in search of a better understanding of the challenges in the subnational government sphere for the implementation of these joint policies in Work Workshop held on March 2, 2018, in Rio Branco, Acre, Brazil. The workshop allowed the integration of the different visions, incorporating established principles and establishing connections at different scales, in a bottom-up approach, strengthening the spaces for dialogue, permanent exchange and evaluation of the processes in the regional context and in articulated way with the representations of Brazil to dialogue with the Global GCF Working Group on Indigenous Peoples / Traditional Communities.