Laws, Policies and Strategies

Policies and Strategies

Plan for Prevention and Control of Deforestation (PPCD-AP) - Amapa's first PPCD was completed in 2009. The plan is organized around four lines of action: Territorial Planning; Monitoring and Control; Promotion of sustainable activities; and Governance and Institutional Strengthening. Amapa is in the process of finalizing the next phase of its PPCD.

Amapa's PPCDAP was revised in 2017, presenting an synthesis of key findings and recommendations on the process of evaluating the implementation of the first commitment period assumed (2009 to 2012), bringing a new proposal for the second implementation period (2017 to 2019).

Annual Forest Granting Plan (PAOF) - This plan is a public forest management instrument instituted by Federal Law No. 11,284 of March 2, 2006, with the objective of planning sustainable forest production through the concession of public forests for the exploitation of timber, non-timber and services resources. It is published annually by the State Forestry Institute of Amapá since 2014

State Forest Management Plan - In 2014 Amapa passed its State Forest Management plan through Joint Order SEMA/IEF/AP No. 1

Laws and Regulations

Complimentary Law 110, 15/01/2018 - devolves public lands of the State, addresses occupation of public lands, repeals Complementary Law No. 0004, of July 27, 1993 and gives other measures

Law no 1941, 09/30/2015 - Provides for changes to Law No. 1,077, of April 2, 2007, which created the State Forest Institute of Amapá - IEF / AP and makes other provisions.

State Decree 5096, 08/27/2013 - Institutes the Amapaense Forum on Global Climate Change and Environmental Services - FAMCSA

State Decree 4077, 08/11/2012 - Establishes the Inter ministerial Working Group on Climate Change and Environmental Services of the State of Amapá .

Law 1176, 02/01/2008- provides for the organization of the Executive Branch of the State of Amapá, which deal respectively with the structure organizational structure and the structure of positions of the Secretariat of State for the Environment - SEMA.

Law 1028, 12/07/2006- creates the Management of Forests of the State of Amapá Forest - FLOTA / AP

Law 0702, 06/28/02- Provides on the State Policy of Forests and other Forms of Vegetation of the State of Amapá and other measures.

Law 0267, 09/04/1996 - Creates the Secretariat of the Environment - SEMA and gives other measures.

Institutional Framework

State Environmental Secretariat (SEMA) - Founded in 1989 with a purpose to guide the environmental policy of the State of Amapá. Develops policies and norms related to Protected Area management, responsible for planning, executing and managing projects and activities and administration of Conservation Units

Center for the Green Agenda - SEMA - responsible for coordinating, monitoring and evaluating the implementation of the Environmental Policies and Standards for the use and access to Natural Resources in the biodiversity of the State of Amapá.

Center for Climate Change and REDD+ - SEMA -The Climate Change and REDD + Center was created in January 2016, is directly linked to the Secretary's office and is responsible for promoting discussion, establishing parameters and creating mechanisms, as well as providing strategies for adaptation and mitigation of the effects of climate change on the population urban and rural areas of Amapá.

State Forestry Institute (IEF) – Linked to SDR; responsible for executing the policies for and management of State Forests

State Environmental and Territorial Planning Institute (IMAP) – Linked to SEMA; has three main responsibilities: land tenure regulation, environmental licensing, and control and surveillance

The State Environmental Council (COEMA)- Responsible for establishing the guidelines and proposal of the defense policy, preservation and improvement of the environment,

State Rural Development Secretariat (SDR) - Develops policies and norms associated with agriculture and cattle ranching

State Rural Development Institute (RURAP) - Linked to SDR; responsible for rural extension and technical assistance

State Scientific and Technical Research Institute (IEPA) – Linked to Science and Technology Secretariat; responsible for development of the EEZ

Zoning and Spatial Planning

Ecological and Economic Zoning (Zoneamento Ecológico-Econômico – ZEE) is required by the Federal Government to designate areas for economic and conservation activities within each state’s territory. In Amapa the State Scientific and Technical Research Institute (IEPA) is responsible for development of the ZEE, which is based in State law No. 919 of 18 August 2005. Amapa performed a state-wide analysis for it its ZEE in 2008 and has performed additional detailed analyses for the Cerrado and southern area of the state. Amapa has yet to normalize its ZEEs through legal instruments.

Engagement and Participation with Indigenous Peoples and Local Communities

The Rights of Indigenous Peoples in Amapá are guaranteed by the National Legislation. Having all the Indigenous Lands demarcated demonstrates the advancement of this agenda and minimizes conflicts.

The indigenous peoples who inhabit land within the state are:

  • Galibi Marworno : inhabit the Uaçá Indigenous Land , instituted by Decree 298 (Official Gazette of the Union 30.10.91), as well as the Juminã Indigenous Land , instituted by Decree number 22.05.92).
  • Palikur : inhabit the banks of the Urukauá river, tributary of Uaçá , in the Uaçá Indigenous Territory
  • Karipuna : inhabit the Uaçá , Juminã and Galibi do Oiapoque Indigenous Territories.
  • Galibi do Oiapoque: inhabit the Galibi Indigenous Land of Oiapoque in the Northwest of the state of Amapá, approved by Decree 87844 (DOU 22.11.82).:
  • Wajãpi: inhabit the Waiãpi Indigenous Land, approved by Decree 1,775 of 1996.

The Wajãpi developed a Consultation Consent Protocol which is an innovative instrument that establishes procedures for consultations and dialogue for issues that directly or indirectly affect direct the Wajãpi people in order to guarantee the rights and decisions in ILO Convention 169. The Wajãpi participate in the FAMCSA meetings and are active in the dialogue on climate change, REDD+, and traditional knowledge and forest management.

At the State level Amapá has established the Special Secretariat of Indigenous Peoples, which is responsible for joint dialogue between the indigenous peoples and the state government. FUNAI, the federal government institution, is also very active in the state, as well as the IEPE - Institute for Research and Indigenous Training.