Laws, Policies and Strategies

Strategies and Policies

Plan of Prevention, Control, and Sustainable Alternatives to deforestation in Rondonia (PPCD) - Rondonia's PPCD was passed in 2010 and was built around four thematic areas: (i) Territorial Planning and Land Regularization, (ii)Promotion for Sustainable Production, (iii) Command and Control Actions for the prevention of Deforestation and (iv) Training for the Decentralization of Environmental management.

Laws and Regulations

Complementary Law no 827, 07/15/2015 - Clarifies institutional roles and responsibilities, including those of the the Secretary of State for Environment and Development (SEDAM)

State Decree 17940, 2013 - Provides for the institution and implementation of the Environmental Regularization Program of the State of Rondônia - PRA / RO of properties and rural properties and provides other measures.

Decree State Law 1,144, 01/12/2012 - Provides for the State System of Nature Conservation Units of Rondônia - SEUC / RO and provides other measures

Decree 12.449, 2006- Introduces article in Decree n ° 7.903 of July 1, 1997, which regulated Law n ° 547 of December 30, 1993.

Decree 12.448, 2006 -Institutes the Register of Explorers and Consumers of Forest Products of the State of Rondônia - CEPROF-RO, the System of Marketing and Transport of Forest Products of the State of Rondônia SISFLORA-RO, its operational documents, and other measures.

Decree 12.447, 2006- Institutes the Forest Management of the State of Rondônia, and provides other measures

Decree 7903, 1997 -Regulates Law No. 547 of December 30, 1993, which provides for protection, recovery, control, inspection and improvement of the quality of the environment in the State of Rondônia.

State Law 547, 1993 -Provides for the creation of the State System of Environmental Development of Rondônia-SEDAR and its instruments, establishes measures to protect and improve the quality of the environment, defines the State Environmental Development Police, creates the Special Fund for Environmental Development-FEDARO and the Fund Special Reforestation Forest-FEREF.

Institutional Framework

The Secretary of State for Environmental Development (SEDAM) - was established on March 19, 1991 by Complementary Law No. 42 and reformed by Complementary Law No. 827 of July 15, 2015, with the primary function of formulating and implementing policies aimed at development environmental, rural and urban, monitoring and regulating activities related to the quality of life, the environment and natural resources, as well as promoting the management of the conservation units of the State of Rondônia.

SEDAM is also responsible for planning and carrying out activities related to the policy of rural environmental regularization, development, promotion, protection and environmental education, in partnership with IBAMA, the Environmental Police Battalion and the Secretariat of State for Public Security - SESDEC , which may cause harm to the environment, both for present and future generations.

SEDAM Cooridnator of Conservation Units (CUC) - responsible for coordinating the preparation and execution of studies, plans, programs, contracts, agreements and projects of Conservation Units - UCs and to promote the interactions between the units' management. It is also responsible for proposing actions for the application of resources arising from environmental compensation in PAs; Establish procedures for the processing, application and management of resources derived from environmental compensation processes, destined to the Units; Establish operational and logistical mechanisms to maintain the integrity of PAs.

SEDAM Coordinator of Environmental Licensing (COLMAM) - Participate in the formulation of policies and guidelines for environmental sustainability, formulating plans, programs and projects for environmental licensing and monitoring, coordinating and supervising the development of polluting and potentially polluting activities, territorial planning activities and environmental monitoring.

SEDAM Coordinator of Environmental Protection (COPAM) - It is the responsibility of the Environmental Protection Coordination (COPAM) to participate in the formulation of policies and guidelines for environmental development, systematically evaluating complaints received about entrepreneurial activities harmful to the environment

SEDAM Coordinating Office of Rural Environmental Monitoring and Regulation (COMRAR) - Responsibility to coordinate and prepare plans, programs and projects concerning the monitoring and regularization of rural properties or possessions. Promoting the environmental regularization of rural properties and possessions in the State of Rondônia, strengthening their activities for those who fit the profile of small rural producers and jointly possess up to 04 (four) fiscal modules.

The Secretariat of State for Agriculture, Livestock and Land Settlement (SEAGRI) - responsible for participating in the formulation and implementation of policies and guidelines for the development of agriculture, fishing, forestry, agroindustrial and regularization and territorial planning of the State. Coordinates and monitors the implementation of projects to support agricultural, fishery, forestry, agroindustrial development and regularization and territorial planning of the State.

Zoning and Spatial Planning

Rondonia first passed it ecological and economic zoning (ZEE) in 1991 through Supplementary Law No. 52 of December 20, 1991. Since 1996 the ZEE in Rondoni has been guided by a State Commission for Socioeconomic and Ecological Zoning through decree nº 7.409, of March 28 1996.

In 2017 Rondonia is in the process of updating its Socio-Economic and Ecological Zoning plan which seeks to promote a balance between ecological, economic and social potentials and limitations for controlling current and future human activities by suggesting preventive and corrective measures that can be implemented and that ensure environmental quality. Revising its zoning plan will make Rondonia the first state in Brazil to create a revision legislation within the framework that governs zoning in the country (Decree 4,297 / 2002), according to the new Forest Code (Law 12.651 / 2012).

Engagement and Participation with Indigenous Peoples and Local Communities

Rondônia is home to the the Suruí Forest Carbon Project, which is the first REDD + indigenous project in the world to achieve international certifications and to sell carbon credits generated in its territory. The indigenous communities in Rondônia have an indigenous representative within SEDAM (Secretariat of State Environmental Development) that supports the articulation and promotion of specific public policies for Indigenous Peoples of the State.

Despite ongoing efforts, there is still a long way to go to ensure better governance and protection of indigenous populations and territories in Rondônia.