Laws, Policies and Strategies

Resolution 63 2017 - Approves the ordinance establishing the Pastaza Ecological Area of Sustainable Development in the center of the Ecuadorian Amazon region. The area covers more than 2.5 million hectares (about 6.2 million acres) and occupies about 90 percent of the province.

Ordinance on Environmental Policies in Pastaza 2014

Institutional Framework

Director of Sustainable Development - Responsible for implementing a portfolio of actions in support of strategic goals of Pastaza

Zoning and Spatial Planning

Development and Land Management Plan of the Province of Pastaza through Year 2025 (2017 Adjustment)

According to the study of Land Use and Vegetal Coverage of the Ministry of the Environment (MAE), 2014, the Province of Pastaza is characterized for having 94.82% of forest, 1.01% water bodies, 0.01 other land, 4.03 agricultural land, 0.08 % shrub and herbaceous vegetation and 0.06% anthropic zone

To carry out the territorial strategic analysis of the Province of Pastaza, the province commissioned a study of the physical and natural characteristics of the territory. This study led to establishing the current territorial model of the Province of Pastaza.

The study elaborated by the province included the following six components and key findings:

Biophysical component

95.91% of the provincial territory corresponds to Forest, bodies of water, shrub and herbaceous vegetation.

There are 17 types of Ecosystems present in the Province.

Abundant Water Resources: 3 Hydrographic Basins, 12 Sub Basins, and 161 Micro Basins.

Socio-Cultural Component

7 nationalities settled in the provincial territory

The organized social organizations of the territory of the Province of Pastaza are mostly organized community groups, followed by productive and business sectors.

Economic Component

67% of the provincial EAP works in the tertiary sector of the economy. (mainly commerce, public administration and defense and education). Year 2010.

90% of the provincial territory is managed by a community production mode (7 indigenous nationalities). Year 2012.

Remittances received in the province of 7.9 million in 2014.

Human Settlements Component

88.10% of the provincial population has a road network (952.27 km of track) in the intervened and transition zones

Mobility, Energy and Connectivity Component

There are 85 airstrips that facilitate the mobility of the population of the inner parishes towards Shell and Puyo.

Approximately 1034 km of waterways that facilitate the mobility of the population of the interior parishes.

Political Institutional and Citizen Participation Component

The GADP has an ordinance of the citizen participation system and an ordinance of the Provincial Planning Council.

The study concluded that there are several spatial planning challenges facing Pastaza, including 5 Micro watersheds of the province that are threatened by anthropogenic activities. There are also social groups and communities with high levels of poverty and basic services deficit (32%) and 97% of the provincial territory is destined for forest harvesting or conservation purposes This means the majority of the territory is not suitable for agricultural production.To day the province does not have a feasibility study of the productive chains that are developed in the province, and a high percentage of people (19,265) who work in the agricultural sector do not receive remuneration (95.24% of men and 98.97% of women).

Infrastructure also presents a problem for the region, with 605 kilometers of roadway located in the upper area of the province where they are susceptible to deterioration due to the high annual precipitation (5000 mm) in the territory.

Engagement and Participation with Indigenous Peoples and Local Communities

At the national level, the socio-forest program is considered a reference in the structuring of a utopian market segment where compensation for environmental services in private communal territories is primarily managed for this purpose.

At the provincial level, the Pastaza prefecture, through the provincial environmental policies and the conservation program, is initiating a compensation process with the water catchment areas to generate capacities in the rural water boards and provide them with catchment areas for their management. and responsibility after a process of acquiring them for this purpose.

In late 2017 Pastaza led efforts with other regions in Ecuador to establish the ‘Pastaza Declaration’, which creates a collaborative platform for provincial governments in the Ecuadorian Amazon to work with local indigenous organizations, including COICA and CONFENIAE, on efforts to reduce deforestation and share resources within REDD+ frameworks.

Pastaza also supported a law which will create the Amazon Sustainable Development Fund.The Fund will provide funding for the development and implementation of ‘life plans’ for indigenous communities. Indigenous communities will be able to access this fund directly through registered institutions.