Laws, Policies and Strategies

Policies and Strategies

Provincial REDD+ Action Plan (SRAP) - formalized on 21 January 2014 through Governor Regulation 3

Provincial Action Plan for the Reduction of GHG emissions (RAD-GRK) - Completed in 2011, the RAD-GRK provides a medium term action plan for reducing greenhouse gas emissions across sectors in Aceh through 2020.

Provincial long-term development plan (Rencana Pembangunan Jangka Panjang Daerah - RPJPD) - The RPJPD is a long-term development planning document for 20 years, from 2005 to 2025. It contains the vision, mission and direction of development in the province.

Aceh Moratorium on Logging - A fundamental policy enabling forest protection, the moratorium is founded on the principles of ‘redesign’, ‘reforestation’ and ‘reduction of forest degradation’.

Aceh Forestry Policy Redesign / TIPERESKA - Under this policy the TIPERESKA team is focusing on three main elements, these being: spatial planning, responsibilities / rights of the provincial government and institutional development. This team is responsible for providing recommendations for spatial planning, evaluation of concession permits and establishment of required task forces for the redesign of Aceh forestry policy.

Policy and Strategy on Reforestation in Aceh Province - First priority on revitalizing community plantation forestry. Secondary focus is on reforestation of degraded and marginal land.

Policy and Strategy on Law Enforcement Aceh - Continuous strategy involving relevant stakeholders undertaken on areas with a high risk of degradation and deforestation.

Policy on Evaluation on Forest Permits & Licenses Aceh - Focusing on the integration of all active licensed activities (including oil palm and mining) and evaluation of competency and cooperation. Results of this evaluation will become a reference for minimum investment and responsibilities for future concession holders.

Policy on Forest Protection and Conflict Resolution Systems Aceh - Forest protection system is being developed across three levels of Government, namely: Forestry Police in the Department of Forestry working with forest-crime units for training and operations, Forest Guard / Rangers whose function it is to patrol forest borders and Community Rangers, whose responsibility lies to protect that forest in the immediate vicinity of their villages.

Laws and Regulations

Aceh Governor Regulation no. 10 of 2017 - Addresses procedures to address land tenure conflict in Forest Areas

Governor Regulation no. 34 of 2016 - addresses procedures for granting site permits

Governor Regulation no. 20 of 2016 - addresses Forest Fire control in Aceh

Governor Regulation no. 3 of 2014 - formalizes the Strategy and Action Plan for Greenhouse Gas Emission Reduction from Deforestation and Forest Degradation

Qanun Aceh no. 19 of 2013 - addresses Spatial Planning in the the Province of Aceh

Governor Regulation 20/2013 on formation of technical implementation unit in the forestry agency that implements the activities in the forestry sector related to climate change.

Governor Regulation 85/2012 on the GHG emission reduction action plans as part of the national GHG emission reduction plans.

Institutional Framework

Provincial Environmental and Forestry Office - manages and overseeing issues related to the sectors of environmental management and forestry and climate change, including policy formulation.

Plantation Office - controls the use of land, plans, and issuance of permits non-forest.

Regional Development Planning Board (BAPPEDA) - coordinates the formulation of regional development planning policy with sustainable development and low carbon as its basis.

Zoning and Spatial Planning

Aceh Spatial Plan (RTRWA): In the governmental context, sustainable development vision should be referred to in the planning and implementation of Aceh future development. Provincial laws (local term: qanun) on spatial plan and on long-term development plan currently being discussed by the provincial legislature are designed based on the principles of sustainable and just natural resource management to generate benefits for Aceh communities. The Aceh Province Spatial Plan is based on the provincial bylaw 19/2013 that covers 2013 to 2033. The spatial plan has not been approved by the national government.

Engagement and Participation with Indigenous Peoples and Local Communities

The Aceh government recognizes the rights of indigenous and tribal peoples in forest management within the framework of existing laws and regulations. The recognition is carried out through the establishment of customary forest as one of the social forestry mechanisms recognized in national programs.

Since February 2018 the Provincial Government has encouraged districts and municipalities throughout the province to propose existing indigenous and tribal areas in the region to be recommended to the Ministry of Environment and Forestry of the Republic of Indonesia for adoption.

Related to forest management access for forest communities, Aceh Government through Qanun (Local Regulation) no. 7 Year 2016 on Aceh Forestry encourages community engagement mechanisms through the Forest Management Co-operation scheme as part of a Social Forestry program in accordance with Aceh's own authorities. Access to these communities is implemented within the framework of forest management at the site level through a unit of forest management unit (FMU).