Central Kalimantan Indonesia
Laws, Policies and Strategies

Policies and Strategies:

Central Kalimantan Local Action Plan for Reducing Greenhouse Gas (RAD-GRK) 2012 - Completed in 2011, the RAD-GRK provides a medium term action plan for reducing greenhouse gas emissions across sectors in Central Kalimantan through 2020.

Provincial REDD+ Strategy (STRADA) 2012 - the document covers the relation between the national and provincial emissions reduction, the issues of deforestation and forest degradation in the province, the REDD+ strategies and action plans, MRV and mainstreaming these into the development activities.

Provincial Long-Term Development Plan (Rencana Pembangunan Jangka Panjang Daerah - RPJPD) - The RPJPD is a long-term development planning document for 20 years, from 2005 to 2025. It contains the vision, mission and direction of development in the province.

Central Kalimantan Roadmap to Low-Deforestation Rural Development 2013 – This roadmap summarizes a plan for reducing deforestation while increasing palm oil production and elevation rural incomes of smallholder families. The goal is to eventually establish Central Kalimantan as a an environmentally responsible source of palm oil.

Laws and Regulations

Governor Decree (49/2015) – revokes Governor’s regulation52/2008 on Guidelines for Land Opening and Yard for People in Central Kalimantan Environment and Governor Regulation 15/2010 about Amendment of Governor Regulation of Central Kalimantan 52/2008. Both revoked regulations permitted people to set fire in certain areas.

Governor Decree (05/2015) - In 2015 the province enacted the spatial plans for 2015-2035 which regulates the land use for all development sectors.

Governor Decree (42/2014) – on conflict resolution related to commercial plantations in Central Kalimantan province

Governor Decree (41/2014) - on the management of high conservation value (HCV) forests in the plantation areas for the protection of biodiversity, environmental services, social, and cultural.

Governor Decree (36/2012) - on provincial action plan to reduce the GHG, this covers several sectors, namely: agriculture, forestry and peat, energy and transportation, industry, waste, and others.

Provincial Regulation 5/2011 – on the establishment of sustainable commercial plantations.

Governor Decree (660/945/BLH/IV/2011) - decree forming a provincial commission for REDD+ whose functions include coordinating the local strategy arrangement, implementing activities, prepare funding instruments and mechanism, establishing the MRV agency, and monitoring the Presidential decree on moratorium of forestry permits.

Provincial Regulation 4/2010 - Updating the provincial long term development plan for the period 2005-2025

Governor Decree 13/2009 jo. 4/2012 – on Indigenous Lands, Land use and Resource Rights in Central Kalimantan province

Institutional Framework

Provincial Commission on REDD+ - Created in 2011 as a coordination, communication, harmonization, and implementation body to facilitate REDD+ activities in the province. The body is chaired by the Governor and composed of representatives of different agencies related to land use and climate change. The commission’s tasks include: coordination of REDD+ strategies establishment; implementation of REDD+ activities; formation of MRV agency; and, implementation of the Presidential Decree on the forestry permit moratorium.

Forestry Agency - manages and oversees forestry sector-related issues, including policy formulation.

Plantation Agency - controls land use, planning, and issuance of permits in non-forest areas.

Environmental Agency - authorizes the protection and management of the environment, including climate change-related issues.

Provincial Development Planning Agency (BAPPEDA) - coordinates policy formulation for regional development planning, with sustainable development and low carbon as the basis.

Zoning and Spatial Planning

Central Kalimantan's Spatial Plan was formalized by the provincial bylaw 5/2015. It covers the period of 2015-2035. The spatial plan represents an effort to organize spatial management through the authority of the Central Kalimantan Provincial Government, to guide development by regional governments, communities and the private sector to promote sustainable and environmentally friendly development. The plan is available for download here.

Engagement and Participation with Indigenous Peoples and Local Communities

In March 2018, the Central Kalimantan Provincial Government began mapping 12 indigenous (adat) areas comprising a total area of 119,778 ha. The identification process intrinsic to the mapping will accelerate the recognition of indigenous (adat) forest. Based on Central Kalimantan Provincial Forest Agency data, only 77,560 ha of social forestry of the planned 1.5 million ha (by 2019) has been realized to date.