Laws, Policies and Strategies

Strategies and Policies

Regional Strategy for Adapting to Climate Change - This is a guiding tool and generator for regional synergies for adaptation, which are based on the binding commitments that each of the states has within their attributions and which are reflected in the state programs.

Yucatan Peninsula REDD + Regional Strategy - The regional vision of the REDD + initiative for the Yucatan Peninsula is structured through consultation, diagnosis and strategic planning activities which include the key players for the sustainable territorial development of the region.

Investment Program of the State of Campeche- This identifies productive practices and natural resource management that promote sustainable rural development and increase the economic and social value of forests and natural resources to deal with deforestation and forest degradation in the municipalities of Campeche, Champotón and Hopelchén.

Ecological Management Program of the Territory of the Municipalities of the State of Campeche - Analyzes deterioration trends and the potential use of natural resources, regulates/ induces the use of land and productive activities using environmental criteria, as well as works to achieve the protection of the environment through preservation and sustainable use of natural resources.

Laws and Regulations

Decree 182, 12/08/2012 Wildlife Law of the State of Campeche - Establishes standards for the protection and conservation of wildlife habitat, in accordance with the General Wildlife Law.

Decree 271, 02/10/2009 Creation of the State Forest Commission Law- Establishes the general guidelines for the conservation, protection and sustainable management of forests in Campeche by establishing the State Forest Commission and the State Forest State Program.

Decree 145, 03/07/2008 State Law on Sustainable Forest Development - Serves to regulate and promote the conservation, protection, restoration, management and use of forest resources. It also establishes the state forest inventory; and provides provisions for the organization and training of farmers and the promotion of the investments necessary to promote sustainable forest development in the State of Campeche.

Agricultural Law of the State of Campeche- This law is for public order and general observance. It aims to promote agricultural activities and sustainable development in order to increase efficiency, productivity and competitiveness through a environmentally concious use of natural resources, promote the organization of agricultural producers, and promote their full integration of the state's productive process.

Law of Rights, Culture and Organization of the Indigenous Peoples and Communities of the State of Campeche-This law is for public order and social interest. The object being recognition, preservation and defense of the rights, culture and organization of indigenous peoples and communities settled in the State of Campeche. It also aims to establish the obligations of State Powers and municipal authorities in relation to their relationship with indigenous peoples and communities, to raise the social welfare of its members, and to promote their development through specific plans, programs and actions.

Law of Sustainable Forest Development for the State of Campeche- This law is for public order and interest and general observance throughout the State of Campeche. It aims to regulate and promote conservation, protection, restoration, management, management and utilization of forest ecosystems, organization and training of producers, commercialization. Additionally, it aims to promote investments necessary to promote sustainable forest development.

Law of Environmental Education of the State-This law is for public order and social interest and aims to incorporate environmental education for sustainable development on all levels, modalities and educational systems in the State of Campeche.

Law Creating the State Forest Commission- This law is for public order and general observance throughout the State of Campeche. The law aims to establish general guidelines for conservation, protection, restoration, production, management and sustainable use of forest ecosystems.

Internal Regulations of the Human Rights Commission of the State of Campeche-This law regulates the structure, powers and functioning of the Human Rights Commission of the State of Campeche as an autonomous management, budgetary entity, and legal personality. In charge of its own assets and the protection, observance, promotion, study and dissemination of human rights provided by the Mexican legal order.

Internal Rules of the Commission for Integral Development and Social Justice for the Mayan People and Other Indigenous Peoples Settled in the State of Campeche- This law regulates the structure and functioning of the Commission for Integral Development and Social Justice for the Mayan and other Indigenous Peoples Settled in the State of Campeche. It is obligatory that it is observed and integrated by civil servants in the indicated terms. The terms can be revised and modified according to the terms adopted in the meetings of committee members.

Institutional Framework

Ministry of Environment and Natural Resources of Campeche (SEMARNATCAM)- Promotes sustainable development and promotes the protection, restoration and conservation of natural resources.Responsible for implementing REDD+.Responsible for forest management, fire control, management of protected areas and indigenous territories, forest monitoring / deforestation. SEMARNATCAM also has an administrative area called the Environmental Protection Agency of Campeche, which is responsible for the protection of environmental resources in terms of inspection and surveillance.

Rural Development Secretariat of Campeche (SDR)- Supervises activities in the agricultural sector and promotes sustainable rural development

Federal Attorney’s Office of Environmental Protection (PROFEPA)- Supervises the application of the General Law of Ecological Balance and Environmental Protection.

Intersecretarial Commission on Climate Change of the State of Campeche - This body represents the institutional governance of climate change in which the state dependencies are represented and chaired by the Governor of the State of Campeche. It was installed in 2010 and reinstalled in 2017 to delineate strategies and policies in the State.

Sectoral Subcommittee on Environment and Natural Resources of the State of Campeche - This body is derived from the Planning Committee of the State of Campeche chaired by the Governor of the State.Represents the space of participation of the different actors that interact in the environmental sector such as municipal governments, federal government, academic institutions, research centers,civil, social and cooperative organizations.It meets at least 3 times a year and allows linking all the efforts of the sector through initiatives, strategies and programs to goals.It is also related to the Sectoral Subcommittee on Rural Development.

Technical Advisory Council (CTC) of REDD + for the State of Campeche - The CTC allows the integration of producers and representatives of the social base and the civil organization including academic sectors, civil associations and NGOs, and consults the projects and programs in the design and construction of the State REDD+ Strategy of Campeche.

The CTC designed a State Council on REDD+, which will boost efforts in Campeche to build the State's REDD+ Strategy and Vision, and strengthen programs and actions promoted by government authorities, including the Coffee Agenda and the White Agenda of The Economic and Regional Governments Forest Sector Committee, formed within the Planning Committee for the Development of the State of Campeche (COPLADECAM), the highest state planning body.

State Forestry Council - This body of consultation and opinion allows the different actors related to the production, protection, conservation and use of forest resources to be linked to the REDD+ issue, given that in the year 2017 a committee was formed within said Council, in order to address the REDD+ issue and the Emissions Reduction Initiative (IRE) of Mexico in Campeche.This way, it included in its internal regulations, an attribution to be able to issue recommendations on the matter.

Zoning and Spatial Planning

In Campeche ecological zoning (Ordenamiento Ecológico) is an environmental policy tool used to regulate land use, protect the environment, and preserve the sustainable use of natural resources. Zoning is carried out at the municipal level, with plans completed for Calakmul, Campeche, Escárcega, Hopelchén, and Champoton.

Engagement and Participation with Indigenous Peoples and Local Communities

In Campeche, work has been carried out from the beginning for inclusion of local communities and indigenous people in planning of the strategies. Participatory workshops were held during 2011 and 2012 to create the regional REDD+ strategy. Then, the planning work of the REDD+ state strategy was inititated, for which a Technical Advisory Council was formed, which includes representatives of the local and indigenous communities.

Also, Campeche together with Quintana Roo and Yucatán have created a regional committee on social and environmental safeguards, in which both officials and organized groups were trained in this framework. This Regional Committee created in September 2016, serves as liaison with state CTCs, who are represented by members in the Regional Committee, which ensures the participation of technical specialists and representatives of society.

In the same way, Campeche as one of the 5 Mexican states included in the Emissions Reduction Initiative (IRE) as a program to reduce emissions before the World Bank, presented their technical document for the State REDD+ Safeguards Plan as one of the elements of the National Safeguards System and the Safeguards Information System. This document was presented to the World Bank at the end of 2017. It contains all of the laws, statutes, norms, policy instruments, dependencies, meetings and agreements in the matter related to REDD and Climate Change applied to respect and address social and environmental safeguards.